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Negotiating a new social contract in the urban archipelago The case of São Paulo Presentation by arch. Jorge Wilheim Washington december 200 2 The World Bank /Urban development for poverty Reduction: towards a research agenda Forewords ·  I have been here before (sept.11, 1995)

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slide1

Negotiating a new social contract in the urban archipelago

The case of São Paulo

Presentation by arch. Jorge Wilheim

Washington december 2002

The World Bank/Urban development for poverty

Reduction: towards a research agenda

slide2

Forewords

· I have been here before (sept.11, 1995)

- new realities, old eyeglasses

- data, information, knowledge, wisdom

- developing tools for perception

and understanding

· The opportunity of a timely new

research agenda

· Topics

- the present context

- the urban archipelago

- re-visiting urbanism

- poverty in cities

· An example: planning São Paulo

slide3

The context

1.The present transitional

period of history

· where are the seeds of the future?

radical changes or adjustments?

· globalizations (global connectivity)

· capital concentration and exclusions

· rise and fall of the neo-liberal

counter-reform

- mass unemployment and growing inequalities

· negotiating a new social contract

· a new period of “encyclopedism”

· back to the development debate

- development versus the concentrating and

excluding pattern of growth

slide4

The context

2.The current trend of urbanization

· the locus of tensions, change and creativity

·  world population

·  fecundity rate and mass migrations

·  identities, aculturation, stress

slide5

The urban archipelago

·  global cities and megacities

·  the urban archipelago

slide6

Re-visiting urbanism

·  a tool for development

·  casting the actors

·  changing methodology

- political timing

- strategies for partnerships

·  planning & managing the process

·  to preview & to provide

slide7

Poverty in cities & its reduction

·  structural unemployment

·  is work just a salary?

·  ideological undertones

·  robin hood comes to town

  • - compensatory policies (poverty alleviation)
  • - employment policies (maximazing the
  • employment content of work)

·  poverty and citizenship

...and now let us try to illustrate these

ideas with the case of São Paulo and its

new plan

slide8

Where is

São Paulo?

são paulo

slide12

Brazilian challenges and strategies

·  inequalities and opportunities

·  mobile society

·  the need for a strategy of development

·  the position of the newly elected government

  • - the real economy (formal/informal)
  • - collective entrepreneurship and partnerships
  • - rural sustainable development
  • - bottom-up and top-down initiatives
  • - hunger, jobs, crime, corruption, education
slide17

80 km

35 km

2001

slide18

Population – Absolut growth

Evolution of local population

17,8 million

Population (mm inhab.)

10,4 million

source : IBGE – demography data

slide19

The present situation

(for the better or the worst)

  • · average of 120 km of daily traffic jam
  • · 2,0 hours average daily time of transportation
  • · only 43 km of subway
  • (140 km was the original project)
  • · perverse transport modal split: of the 30 million
  • daily trips, 1/3 are made on public transport,
  • 1/3 by cars and 1/3 on foot...
  • · 20% of irregular homes in shanty-towns
  • · 17% of unemployment
  • · high rate of homicides

(mainly among youth): 57 / 100.000

· 13 thousand tons of daily garbage to be

collected and disposed

slide20

But also:

· largest latin-american airport nob

· largest universities and research nucleus

in latin america

· main and sophisticated medical center

of latin america

· largest and active core of cultural

institutions and events

· modern and cosmopolitan services and

business tourism

· easily adaptable qualified manpower

slide21

The new law, named strategic master plan, was:

  • elaborated in 8 months
  • Debated during 9 months
  • 45+20 public hearings
  • City council as a locus for negotiations
  • “the public interest is not the same thing than the interest of everybody”
slide22

Innovations

· a well-timed methodology

· actors participation

· urbanistic purposes

consolidated contention area

re-structuring and recuperating area

infrastructure consolidation area

urbanizing area

total environmental protection

sustainable environment

environmental use and conservation

slide23

6 leading principles:

· action in solidarity towards the excluded

  • · consider homes as social rights

· complete and expand the road and

Transport network

· recuperate the urban environment

and preserve natural drainage

· transfer part of developers and building

profits to public works

· strengthen the public sector initiative

and planning mainly through land-use

management and induced partnerships in

urban operations

slide24

Macrozones

and space drifting

environmental preservation

urban structure

slide25

Basic factor 1

free factor 2 in some areas

Additional factor,

up to 2,5 (to be purchased, free for social purposes)

Maximum additional factor,

up to 4 (to be purchased, free for social purposes)

large urban operations, strategic projects and mass transport corridors

Drifting space and building factors

Estimate annual income from additional factors: R$ 150 million (U$ 50 million)

slide26

Environmental net

the “greening” of the city

700 km of green walks

linear parks

alleys

new parks

water sources

cicling routes

slide27

Large urban operations

EXISTING URBAN OPERATION

NEW URBAN OPERATIONS

STRATEGIC OLIMPIC PROJECT

STRATEGIC PROJECTS

CORRIDOR STRATEGIC PROJECTS

slide28

Poverty reduction

· minimum salary compensation

· capacitation of youth (16 to 20)

· starting again (over 40)

· collective opportunities

· popular credit

· digital inclusion

· popular habitat

(zones of social interest)

Zeis

Social housing

ZEIS 1

ZEIS 2

ZEIS 3

ZEIS 4

slide29

Other innovations

· decentralization of management

· 31 local boroughs plans

· participation system

- in budgeting

- in land use

- in conflicts solution

slide31

... and thank you!

jorge wilheim 2002

wilheimj@uol.com.br