Educational and charitable institution service tax
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EDUCATIONAL AND CHARITABLE INSTITUTION - SERVICE TAX. K. Vaitheeswaran K.VAITHEESWARAN & CO. ADVOCATES & TAX CONSULTANTS. Mobile : 98400-96876 E-mail : [email protected] LEGISLATION.

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Educational and charitable institution service tax

EDUCATIONAL AND CHARITABLE INSTITUTION -SERVICE TAX

K. Vaitheeswaran

K.VAITHEESWARAN & CO.ADVOCATES & TAX CONSULTANTS

Mobile: 98400-96876 E-mail : [email protected]

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Legislation
LEGISLATION

No separate Service Tax Act. Still governed by Finance Act, 1994 and Rules made there under.

Law has grown too fast with frequent changes.

No longer an assessee friendly legislation.

Multiple wings in action.

DGCEI, Intelligence, Audit and Assessment.

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Service tax collections
SERVICE TAX COLLECTIONS

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Issues in collections
ISSUES IN COLLECTIONS

Fastest growing tax

Phenomenal collections

Adjudication process

Revision

Judicial precedents

Collection targets Vs. Fair Adjudication

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Commercial training or coaching
COMMERCIAL TRAINING OR COACHING

  • Commercial training or coaching centre means any institute or establishment providing commercial training or coaching for imparting skill or knowledge or lessons or on any subject or field other than the sports, with or without issuance of a certificate and includes coaching or tutorial classes but does notinclude pre-school coaching and training centre or any institute or establishment which issues any certificate or diploma or degree or any educational qualification recognized by Law for the time being in force.

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Commercial training or coaching1
COMMERCIAL TRAINING OR COACHING

  • The Central Board of Excise and Customs vide Circular No.84 / 2 / 2006-ST dated 19.09.2006 has clarified as under:

    The definition of ‘charity’ and ‘charitable’ as defined in Black’s Law Dictionary may be kept in mind. ‘Charity’ is defined as ‘aid given to the poor, the suffering or the general community for religious, educational, economic, public safety, or medical purposes’, and ‘charitable’ as ‘dedicated to a general public purpose, usually for the benefit of needy people who cannot pay for the benefits received’.

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Commercial training or coaching2
COMMERCIAL TRAINING OR COACHING

  • The Board vide Circular dated 01.11.2006 in the context of service tax on IITs and IIMs with reference to campus interview fees has clarified in para 4 as under:

    “A commercial concern is an institution or establishment that is primarily engaged in commercial activities having profit as the primary aim. It is not one / few isolated activities which determine whether or not an institution is a commercial concern. It is the totality of its activity and the objective of its existence that determines the commercial nature of an institution as an entity or concern. The principle activities of the institute like IIT or IIM is to impart education without the objective of making profit.

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Commercial training or coaching3
COMMERCIAL TRAINING OR COACHING

  • The Kerala High Court in the case of Malapuram District Parallel College Association Vs Union of India (2006) 2 STR 321has held that the levy of service tax on parallel colleges is arbitrary and violative of Article 14 of the Constitution of India and the Government is prohibited from demanding service tax.

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Commercial training or coaching4
COMMERCIAL TRAINING OR COACHING

  • The Kerala High Court in the case of St. Antony’s Educational and Charitable Society Vs Union of India (2006) 1 STR 137 has held that an educational institution conducting any course which is a requirement to write examination to obtain degree or certificate awarded by any agency created by Law is not liable to service tax.

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Recognized by law
RECOGNIZED BY LAW?

  • Any institute or establishment which issues any certificate or diploma or degree or any educational qualifications recognized by law for the time being in force.

  • It does not limit the recognition only to institutes in India.

  • The objective of the exclusion in the definition is to exclude school, graduate and post-graduate teaching institutes and establishments from service tax.

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Recognized by law1
RECOGNIZED BY LAW?

  • In the case of Ohi-Manipal School of Business Vs. Commr. of S.T (2008) 10 STR 44, the Appellant is a business school/Institute offering 18 months MBA Programme Course with affiliation with M/s. Ohio University of USA and Manipal Education Network. The Bangalore Tribunal has granted absolute stay and waiver of pre-deposit and observed that “On a prima facie consideration, the exclusion clause of the definition would bring into consideration the present applicant. Although, there is no specific recognition given to the Appellants by the Government, yet the course material granted by them prima facie cannot be considered to be coming within the category of ‘commercial training or coaching centre’.”

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Non profit organization
NON-PROFIT ORGANIZATION

  • The Bangalore Tribunal in the case of Administrative Staff College of India Vs. CCE (2007) 6 STR 319 has granted absolute stay and waiver of pre-deposit since the Appellant is a registered as a society and functioning as non-profit organisation and the activity of training provided to candidates selected by Central and State Governments will not attract service tax under the category of ‘Commercial Training or Coaching Centre’.

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Charitable trust
CHARITABLE TRUST

  • In the case of Great Lakes Institute of Management Ltd Vs Commissioner of Service Tax (2008) 10 STR 2002 the Appellant was a charitable trust registered under Section 12AA of the Income Tax Act 1961, imparting post graduate programmes in Management, which were not recognized under any law for the time being in force and was collecting course fees towards imparting such Management programmes. The Chennai Tribunal held that such an activity does not fall within the ambit of ‘commercial training or coaching centre’

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Charitable trust1
CHARITABLE TRUST

  • The Income Tax exemption is granted by the Director of Income Tax (Exemption) and the income is exempt from income tax under Section 11.

  • Section 11 provides for an exemption in respect of income derived from property held under Trust for charitable or religious purposes.

  • In terms of Section 2(15) of the Income Tax Act, charitable purpose includes relief of the poor, education, medical relief and the advancement of any other general public utility.(Impact of amendment by Finance Act 2008)

  • educational institutions created under trust qualify for income tax registration only when the Income Tax Authorities are satisfied that the trust has been formed for charitable purposes for the purpose of recognition and exemption under Income Tax Law.

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Charitable trust2
CHARITABLE TRUST

  • Even assuming, this degree is not considered as ‘recognized by law’, the fact that the Trust has got Section 12A registration will insulate the position that it is not a commercial training centre and the ratio of the Great Lakes Institute of Management would squarely apply.

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Vocational training
VOCATIONAL TRAINING

  • Notification No.24/2004 exempts vocational training.

  • Vocational training institute means a commercial training or coaching centre, which provides vocational training or coaching that imparts skills to enable the trainee to seek employment or undertake self-employment directly after such training or coaching.

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


What is vocational
WHAT IS VOCATIONAL?

  • When the exemption was originally introduced in 2003 the Board vide Circular dated 20.06.2003 had clarified as under:

    “vocational coaching and training services provided by typing and shorthand institutes, TV / vehicle repair training institutes, tailoring institutes, industrial training institutes, foreign language institutes, computer training centres, hobby classes, institutes teaching martial arts, painting, dancing, etc. would not be chargeable to service tax.”

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


What is vocational1
WHAT IS VOCATIONAL?

  • The Kerala High Court in the case of CIT Vs. George Thomas (97 ITR 111) has held that anything in which a person is engaged systematically can be an occupation or vocation. This decision has been affirmed in appeal in 156 ITR 412 by the Supreme Court.

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Recreational
RECREATIONAL

  • Notification No.24/2004 exempts Recreational Training Institutes.

    “Recreational training institute means a commercial training or coaching relating to recreational activities such as dance, singing, martial arts or hobbies.”

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Recreational1
RECREATIONAL

  • The Tribunal in the case of Fast Arithmetic Vs. CCE (2006) 4 STR 59 has held that teaching mental arithmetic using ‘abacus’ a plastic instrument is fun and relaxation and prima facie in the nature of recreational activity.

  • Pre-deposit waived in the case of K.K. Academy Vs. CST (2008) 10 STR 117.

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Specific exclusion
SPECIFIC EXCLUSION

  • The Tribunal in the case of Dewsoft Overseas Pvt. Ltd. Vs. CST (2008) 16 STT 376 has held that online computer courses is covered under commercial training and coaching.

  • Notification No.24/2004 provides that the Notification shall not apply in respect of services provided by a computer training institute.

    “Computer training institute means a commercial training or coaching centre which provides coaching or training relating to computer software or hardware.”

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Conclusion
CONCLUSION

  • Education should not be taxed…

  • Government should not see Goddess Lakshmi through Goddess Saraswathi.

  • Service tax at 12.36% is a prohibitive cost ultimately borne by the society without cenvat credit.

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


Thank you k vaitheeswaran k vaitheeswaran co advocates tax consultants

Thank youK. VaitheeswaranK. VAITHEESWARAN & CO.Advocates & Tax Consultants

Mobile: 98400-96876E-mail : [email protected]

K. Vaitheeswaran & Co.


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