General View of Stanley From the Road
Philip Harry and S Russell Aug 1835, LAC C007163
Tavern Built of Logs at Stanley
Philip Harry June 1835 LAC C004089
The Mill at Stanley
Philip Harry, Aug 1835, LAC C003552
Illustrations from an attractive 1836 promotional prospectus released by the New Brunswick Land Company promoting settlement in the planned community of Stanley
CORNELIUS OF SUNDERLAND Passenger List Part I (Families Bell - Hay) 1837
Founders of Harvey Settlement, York Co., New Brunswick
- GREGG (GRIEG) – UNKNOWN
- 46. John Gregg (Grieg) Husband; aged 45; b. ca. 1792, Wooler, Northumberland; d. 20 Feb 1868, Campobello Island, NB; bd. St. Anne’s Anglican Church Cem., Welshpool, Campobello Island. Pre-emigr. occ.: labourer. Post-emigr. occ.: farmer, hotelier.
- 47. Mary Unknown Wife; aged 46; b. ca. 1791; d. 28 Aug 1846, Campobello Island, NB; bd. St. Anne’s Anglican Church Cem., Welshpool, Campobello Island.
- 48. Jane Gregg (Grieg) Daughter; aged 21; b. 17 March 1816 ; bp. 31 March 1816 Cheviot Street Presbyterian Church, Wooler, Northumberland; d. 9 Sep 1903, Campobello Island, NB; bd. St. Anne’s Anglican Church Cem., Welshpool, Campobello Island. Pre-emigr. occ.: labourer.
- 49. James Gregg (Grieg) Son; aged 20; b. 8 May 1817; bp. 28 May 1817 Cheviot Street Presbyterian Church, Wooler, Northumberland; d. 14 May, 1876, Campobello Island, NB; bd. St. Anne’s Anglican Church Cem., Welshpool, Campobello Island. Pre-emigr. occ.: labourer. Post-emigr. occ.: fisherman, farmer.
- 50. Andrew Gregg (Grieg) Son; aged 18; b. 21 November 1818; bp. 20 December 1818 Cheviot Street Presbyterian Church, Wooler, Northumberland; d. 11 Aug 1856, Fredericton, NB; bd. Fredericton Rural Cem. Pre-emigr. occ.: painter.
- 51. Esther Gregg (Grieg) Daughter; aged 17; b. 26 April 1820; bp. 14 May 1820, Cheviot Street Presbyterian Church, Wooler, Northumberland; d. 12 Sep, 1894, Campobello Island, NB; bd. St. Anne’s Anglican Church Cem., Welshpool, Campobello Island.
- 52. Ann (Agnes) Gregg (Grieg) Daughter; aged 15; b. 9 March 1822; bp. 17 March 1822, Cheviot Street Presbyterian Church, Wooler, Northumberland; md. 3 Aug 1843 to John FARMER of Campobello, the collector of customs there; d. 8 Jul 1864; bd. St. Anne’s Anglican Church Cem., Welshpool, Campobello Island.
- The family of John and Mary Gregg lived in the town and parish of Wooler, Northumberland, England, and the baptisms of the children are recorded in the register of Cheviot Street Church, Wooler under the spelling GRIEG. The family used the spelling GREGG in New Brunswick. The family did not stay in Harvey for very long as suggested by John Gregg’s gravestone states that he was "A native of Wooler, Northumberland, England. Immigrated to Campobello in 1837". He owned "Gregg's Farm site Hotels & Summer Colony" on Campobello Island. Daughter Ann was recorded as Agnes in the fall of 1837 government list of settlers applying for land on the St. Andrews Road, but was baptized Ann and was known by that name in New Brunswick.
- GRIEVE – TURNBULL
- 53. William Grieve Husband; aged 38, b. 5 Feb 1799, Wooler, Northumberland; bp. Earsdon, By North Shields, Northumberland; md. 9 Jun 1821, Ingram, Northumberland; d. ca.1875, Harvey. Pre-emigr. occ.: sheperd. Post-emigr. occ.: farmer.
- 54. Eleanor Turnbull Wife; aged 42; b. 18 Sep 1794; bp. 21 Sep 1794, Harbottle, Northumberland; daughter of Patrick Turnbull & Alice; d. 18 Oct 1860, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.
- 55. John Grieve Son; aged 15; b. 16 May 1822, Peels, Northumberland; d. 14 Dec 1859, St. Louis, Missouri; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.
- 56. Patrick Turnbull Son; aged 13; b. 15 Feb 1824, Peels, Northumberland; d. 25 Nov 1860, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Eventual occ.: farmer. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 57. William Grieve Son; aged 11, b. 21 Oct 1825, Selbycove, England; d. 9 Dec 1860, Kingsclear, NB; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Eventual occ.: farmer.
- 58. George Grieve Son; aged 10, b. 9 Apr 1827, Selbyscove, England; d. 8 May 1909, Courtenay Area, BC; bd. Courtenay Civic Cemetery, Sect. A. Eventual occ.: farmer.
- 59. Alice Bell Grieve Daughter; aged 8, b. 1 Jan 1829, Elilaw, Northumberland, England; d. 26 Sep 1860, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.
- 60. Henry "Harry" Grieve Son; aged 6, b. 30 Oct 1830, Elilaw, Northumberland, England; d. 20 Aug 1889, Grantham, BC; Buried, Courtenay Civic Cem., Sect. A. Eventual occ.: farmer. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 61. Margaret Grieve Daughter; aged 2 1/2, b. 19 Nov 1834, Collingwood House, England; bp. 26 Nov 1834 in Branton, Northumberland; d. probably after 1907, Sandwick, BC.
- 62. Eleanor Grieve Daughter; born at sea on the Cornelius, 24 Jun 1837 between Grand Banks of Newfoundland and Nova Scotia; bp. 15 Jul 1837 in Cathedral, Fredericton; d. Jul 1837, Fredericton, NB.
- William Grieve was a shepherd prior to emigrating on the Cornelius. A daughter, Eleanor was born on the voyage but died in Fredericton shortly after the arrival of the settlers. A passage from James F.W. Johnston's 1851 Notes on North America: Agricultural, Economical, and Social (Edinburgh and London: William Blackwood and Sons, 1851), Vol. II, 168-78; CIHM no. 35750, provides a candid window on William Grieve's experience as a settler: "I conversed with two of the settlers as to their own history and progress. Mr. Grieves was a shepherd at Whittingham, on the Border. He landed at Fredericton, in 1837, with a family of ten, and with only 7s. 6d. in his pocket. He did not come out immediately to Harvey along with the other settlers, but having received his grant of land, he hired himself as a farm-servant to Colonel Shore at Fredericton, at £30 a-year; and such of his children as could do anything he hired out also. Supporting the rest of his family out of his earnings, he saved what he could; and whenever he had a pound or two to spare, he got an acre or two of his land cleared. In this way he did good to the other settlers, by bringing some money among them and giving a little employment. At last, four years ago-that was, after seven years' service-he came out, and settled on his land himself: building a good house for his family right away-that is, without the previous erection of a log-house, as is usually the case; and a very good house he appeared to have. He now owns seven hundred acres of land in different lots, and has clearings of twenty acres on each of three or four of these farm-lots, intended for his several sons, who appear to be as industrious as himself. When I asked him how it was that he appeared to have got on better than the rest of those around him, he said, "he and his family had saved it off their backs and their belly." But he added – and it really moved me to find here lingering some heart and gratefulness still for kindness conferred, among so many who are filled only with grumbling and discontent – "Few have had so good a chance as I had, sir, or have met with so kind a master." I afterwards had the pleasure of meeting that master at Fredericton, and found him as grateful for the warm attachment and zealous service of so good a hind. I can well fancy a canny Northumbrian shepherd, with his thriftily brought up, obedient, and respectful children, gaining friends in New Brunswick, and thriving as Grieves has done. "Had I my life to begin again, "he said, "I would come out here; for though I might not have more comfort myself, there is the satisfaction of providing well for my family.” He added though that "A man must work as hard here as at home, and longer hours. He must build his own house, make his own family's shoes, and do many other things. A useless man need not come here."
- HAY – ROBINSON
- 63. Alexander Hay Husband; aged 53, b. 01 Aug 1784, Spittal & Ford, Northumberland; was of Parish of Mordington, Northumberland at time of marriage 4 Jun 1815, Ford; d. 20 Mar 1868, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Pre-emigr. occ.: blacksmith. Post-emigr. occ.: farmer, blacksmith. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 64. Jane Robinson Wife; aged 43; b. ca. 1794, England; d. 22 Jun 1878, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.
- 65. William "Billy" Hay Son; aged 21; b. 1816, Spittal, Northumberland; bp. 15 Mar 1816, Spittal; 14 Apr 1901. Pre-emigr. Occ.: blacksmith.
- 66. Andrew Hay Son; aged 20 b. 1817, England; bp. 28 Oct 1817, Spittal United Presbyterian; d. 12 May 1838, Harvey; bd on family farm, Harvey. Pre-emigr. occ.: blacksmith.
- 67. Alexander Hay Jr . Son; aged 19; b. 1818, Northumberland; bp. 25 Nov 1818, Spittal United Presbyterian; d. 10 May 1887, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Eventual occ.: farmer, teacher. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 68. Mary Hay Daughter; aged 14; b. ca. 1823, Northumberland; d. Unknown.
- 69. John "Jack" Hay Son; aged 11; b. ca. 1826, Northumberland; d. 4 Apr 1900, Harvey.
- 70. Jane Hay Daughter; aged 6; b. 6 Jun 1831, Northumberland; d. 30 Nov 1909, Williamsburg.
- 71. Isabel Hay Daughter; aged 4, b. 1833, England; d. 21 Sep 1896, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.
- 72. Elenor "Ellen" Hay Daughter; aged 1; b. ca. 1836; bp. 10 Jul 1836, Ford, Parish Records & Dissentors, Northumberland; father blacksmith of Ford Moss at her baptism; d. Unknown.
- Alexander Hay and his wife Jane and a family of eight children ranging in age from 21 years to 1 year traveled on the Cornelius. They received Land Grant Lot #13W, 92 acres, in Harvey Settlement. Their son Andrew Hay holds the unfortunate distinction to have been the first settler to die there. He was struck by a searing pain in his abdomen and is believed to have died of acute appendicitis. Andrew was buried on their own land, and in the 1950s the gravestone was moved to Harvey Settlement Cemetery.
- BELL – OLIVER
- 1. William BELL Husband; aged 24; b. 12 Apr 1813, England; d. 23 May 1895, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Pre-emigr. occ,: labourer. Post-emigr. occ.: farmer. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 2. Janet OLIVER Wife; aged 26; b. ca. 1811, Kelso, Scotland; d. 1 Sep 1895, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- Agnes BELL Daughter in womb, b. Jul-Aug 1837, probably Fredericton; bp. 15 Aug 1837, Cathedral, Fredericton; d. bef. 1839.
- William Bell and his wife Janet Oliver were a young married couple on the Cornelius. All their children were born in New Brunswick. Janet was pregnant on the Cornelius and had a baby shortly after arrival in New Brunswick. Cathedral, Fredericton records indicate: "Agnes Bell aged 2 weeks baptized Aug 15, 1837, daughter of Wm and Janet Bell, by T. M. Stirling." (PANB F1114 Cathedral, Fredericton). Agnes most likely died as an infant as another daughter born in Oct 1839 to this couple was also named Agnes. The 1851 NB census listed both William and Janet as "Scotch", whereas the 1861 census listed William as "English" and Janet as "Scotch". William was granted 100 acres, Lot 11 E, front tier in Harvey Settlement. According to 1861 census he employed one male and one female; owned or occupied 45 acres of improved land and 55 acres unimproved.
- 3. Thomas BROWN Single man; aged 37; b. ca. 1800; d. 5 Aug 1859, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cemetery. Pre-emigration occupation: labourer.
- Thomas Brown sailed on the Cornelius with the family of his sister Alice (or Alison) Brown and her husband William Messer. He never married.
- CARMICHAEL – HUME
- 4. John CARMICHAEL Husband; aged 38; b. 1799, Northumberland; d. 21 Jun 1879, Harvey; bd., Harvey Settlement Cem. Pre-emigr. occ,: labourer. Post-emigr. occ.: farmer, turner. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 5. Margaret HUME Wife; aged 32; b. 1805, Northumberland; d. 22 Oct 1870, Harvey; bd., Harvey Settlement Cemetery. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 6. James CARMICHAEL Son; aged 3; b. 15 Mar 1834, Fowberry Newhall, Parish of Chatton, Northumberland; bp. 23 Mar 1834, Wooler United Presbyterian Cheviot St. NC; d. 20 Oct 1904, Harvey; buried, Harvey Settlement Cemetery. Eventual occ.: farmer. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 7. Samuel Carmichael. Son; aged 2; b 1835 Fowberry Newhall, Parish of Chatton, Northumberland; bp. 9 Apr 1835, Wooler United Presbyterian Cheviot St, NC; d. bef. 1851, Harvey.
- 8. Robert CARMICHAEL Son; aged 2 months; b. Mar 1837, Fowberry Newhall, parish of Chatton, Northumberland; bp. 9 Apr 1837, Wooler United Presbyterian Cheviot St. NC; d. 18 Nov 1912, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Eventual occ: farmer. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 9. Mary HUME Sister of Margaret Hume (see above); aged 24 or 27; b. 18 Feb 1813 or 1816, Fenton, Northumberland; d. 24 Aug 1899, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 10. Jane HUME Daughter of Mary Hume; aged <5 Months; b. 1837, Northumberland – d. Harvey?
- John and Margaret and three young sons, James, Samuel and Robert, were aboard the Cornelius. Margaret's sister, Mary Hume and infant daughter Jane also came with the Carmichaels. Mary Hume later married Cornelius settler James Craig (see below). The Carmichaels settled on Lot 20W and 19E, 100 acres of land. The lot was of an unusual shape with the highway going through it, so part of the lot was on each side of the highway. The house and barn were built on lot 20W. (Land Grant 1851/12/19, Vol KL, No. 4949). According to the 1861 Census, they employed 3 males and 1 female, owned or occupied 60 acres of improved land and 76 acres unimproved.
- CESSFORD – PIERCY
- 11. David CESSFORD Husband; aged 34; b. 18 Aug. 1803 Chillingham Parish, bp. 31 Aug. 1803 Cheviot St., Wooler, Northumberland; d. 21 Jan 1862, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Pre-emigr. occ.: labourer. Post-emigr. Occ.: farmer. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 12. Margaret “Peggy” PIERCY Wife; aged 33; b. 1804, Northumberland; d. 21 Jul 1864, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cemetery.
- 13. Barbara CESSFORD Daughter; aged 8; b. ca. 1829, Old Middleton, Parish of Ilderton, Northumberland; bp. 29 Nov 1831, United Presbyterian, Cheviot St., Wooler; d. unknown.
- 14. John “Jack” CESSFORD Son; aged 2; b. 27 Sep 1834, Haughead, Parish of Ilderton, Northumberland; bp. 5 Oct 1834, United Presbyterian, Cheviot St., Wooler; d. 25 Nov 1907, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.. Eventual occ.: farmer. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 15. Margery CESSFORD Daughter; b. 4 Jul 1837, at sea aboard Cornelius; md. Robert Wilson, 10 Jul 1854; d. 24 Sep 1860, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.
- David Cessford and his wife Peggy sailed on the Cornelius with three children and arrived in New Brunswick with a fourth, Margery born at sea on 4 Jul 1837. Two more children were born in Harvey. It is unknown whether Margaret was closely related to the other Piercy families who settled in Harvey. Based on the ordering in the government list of names of those applying for land on the St. Andrews Road in the fall of 1837 (see part II of this poster) this family seems to be closely associated with that of William Taite. A daughter Margaret was generally assumed to be that of David and Peggy Cessford was more likely a daughter of William Taite. David Cessford and family settled on a 100 acre Land Grant Lot No. 8E. The 1861 census shows the youngest two sons, aged 21 and 17, at home. No. of hands employed - 2 male. Acres of land owned or occupied - 30 improved, 70 unimproved. Cash value of farm - 150 pounds, value of implements and machinery - 10 pounds.
- COCKBURN (COBURN) – LESSLIE
- 16. John COCKBURN Husband; aged 54; b. 1785 Coldstream, Roxburghshire Co., Scotland; md. 26 May 1806 in Eccles, Berwick Co., Scotland; d. 15 Jun 1858, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Pre-emigr. occ.: labourer. Post-emigr. occ.: farmer, inn keeper. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 17. Elizabeth “Betsy” LESSLIE Wife; aged 49; b. 1788, England; d. 11 Apr 1869, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.
- 18. Isabella COCKBURN (COBURN) Daughter; aged 24; b. ca. 1813, England; d. 15 May 1884, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.
- 19. JamesCOCKBURN (COBURN) Son; aged 22; b. ca. 1815, England; d. Unknown. Pre-emigr. Occ.: tailor. Post-emigr. occ.: tailor.
- 20. GeorgeCOCKBURN (COBURN). Son; aged 20; b. Jan 1818, England; d. 28 Dec 1884, Harvey; b. Harvey Settlement Cemetery. Pre-emigr. Occ.: labourer. Post-emigr. occ.: tailor. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 21. Elizabeth COCKBURN (COBURN). Daughter; aged 17; b. 18 Mar 1820, England; d. 4 Mar 1870, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.
- 22. WilliamCOCKBURN (COBURN). Son; aged 13; b. 1819 Yeavering, Parish of Kirknewton; bp. 27 Oct. 1819 Tower Hill Wooler; d. 8 Sep 1893, Nanaimo, BC.
- 23. CharlotteCOCKBURN (COBURN). Daughter; aged 11; b. 7 Apr 1826, England; d. 16 Feb 1905, Acton, NB; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Rel.: Presbyterian, then Congregationalist.
- 24. Andrew WoodCOCKBURN (COBURN). Son; aged 10; b. 27 May 1827, England; bp. 4 Jun 1827, Norham; d. 19 Apr 1907, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Eventual occ.: farmer. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 25. ThomasCOCKBURN (COBURN). Son; aged 7; b. ca. 1830, England; d. 14 Mar 1863, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Eventual occ.: farmer. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 26. RalphCOCKBURN (COBURN). Son; aged 3; b. 1834, Fowberry Mains, parish of Chatton, Northumberland; bp. 29 Mar 1834; Wooler United Associate Tower Hill-NC, Northumberland; d. 28 Mar 1926, Kamloops, BC.
- John Cockburn and his wife Elizabeth “Betsy” Lesley and nine children ranging in age from 3 years to 22 years emigrated with the other Cornelius settlers. According to family history, two daughters, Margaret and Dorothy, stayed in England when the rest of the family came to Canada. The spelling of "Cockburn" was changed to "Coburn" in the 1870s. The Cockburn’s had a small inn, which was the stagecoach stop. In the 1861 Census, Elizabeth, the now widow of John Cockburn was living with son Ralph and his wife Emma and two children. They owned or occupied 60 acres improved land and 153 acres unimproved land; cash value of farm was 250 pounds; value of implements and machinery, 20 pounds.
- COWE (COWIE) – DONALDSON
- 27. James Cowe (Cowie) Husband; aged 32; b. 1804, Scotland; son of David & Helen (Sharp); first md. irregularly 17 Mar 1826 Hutton, Berwickshire, rebuked in session, marriage confirmed, June 1826; d. 15 Jan 1874, Harvey. Pre-emigr. occ.: labourer. Post-emigr. occ.: farmer. Rel.: Free Presbyterian.
- 28. Isabelle Donaldson. Wife; aged 26; b. 1811, Scotland; daughter of John Donaldson & Mary Aitkins; d. 1 May 1879, Harvey.
- 29. Eleanor (or Helen) Cowe (Cowie) Daughter; aged 6; b. 23 Apr. 1830 Broadmeadows, bp. 6 June 1830 Hutton, Berwickshire; md. 27 Jul 1852 St Pauls Fredericton, James McGUIGGAN; d. 28 Nov. 1853, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cemetery.
- 30. Mary Cowe (Cowie). Daughter; aged 4; b. ca. 1833, Scotland; bp. 23 Aug. 1833 Ladykirk, Berwickshire; d. 1 Feb 1864, New Maryland, NB.
- 31. David B. Cowe (Cowie) Son; aged 1 ½; b. ca.1835, Scotland; d. unknown.
- 32. Mary (nee Aitkens) Donaldson Mother of Isabelle; aged 50; b. ca. 1787; d. unknown.
- James Cowe, age 32, his wife Isabelle Donaldson, age 26, his mother-in-law Mary (Aitkens) Donaldson, age 50; and three children sailed on the Cornelius. The surname was spelled "Cowe" in the early years, but after 1874 it became "Cowie". The first Presbyterian Church in Harvey Settlement was built on the Cowe land on the corner next to the Harvey Settlement Cemetery. The Cowe family were members of the Free Presbyterian Church. Old records from this church have not been located and presumably did not survive the passage of time. The Cowe family births, deaths, etc. are not entered in the Harvey Presbyterian Church records which began in 1856. The 1861 Census indicated that the Cowe family had 45 acres improved and 55 acres unimproved land. Cash value of farm was 150 pounds, and value of implements was 10 pounds.
There is no known official passenger list for the 1837 voyage of the Cornelius and reconstructed tallies vary. The Weekly Chronicle (newspaper) Saint John, NB, July 14, 1837 reported that "The brig Cornelius arrived in St. John on July 12, 1837 under the direction of Captain Woodworth. In addition to 137 passengers, it carried coals and glass." A list of settlers including wives and children, with names, ages, relationships and occupations was prepared by the New Brunswick government in the fall of 1837 and contained 146 names (see reproduction in Part II). Setting aside two duplicates, it was missing known Cornelius passengers Henry Craigs and wife Isabella Kay, the Davidson family and William Patterson. The reconstructed annotated list of 154 Cornelius passengers presented here in two parts (surnames Bell - Hay here in Part I) includes two babies born at sea and was compiled based on land grants in Harvey, family histories and the 1837 government list. Two children in the wombs of pregnant women on board the Cornelius who were born subsequent to the arrival of the settlers in America are listed but not counted. The tally presented here is in close agreement with an estimate of approximately 160 passengers made by Cornelius settler and school teacher John Thompson in his ca. 1868-1875 account of the voyage.
Harvey Settlement was founded by a group of settlers who arrived on board the 'Snow' rigged Cornelius of Sunderland during it's maiden voyage from Berwick-Upon-Tweed, Northumberland, United Kingdom to Saint John, New Brunswick, Canada (May 29 - July 12, 1837). The settlers initially were recruited by the New Brunswick Land Company (NBLC) to take up land in the already established community of Stanley. The Company was organized in 1831 and chartered in 1834, and like similar companies elsewhere in British North America exercised a responsibility, delegated by the colonial administration, to open up and settle large tracts of land at the expense, and for the profit, of their English shareholders. The New Brunswick Company purchased a tract of 589,000 acres in York County, NB north of Fredericton and spent £80,000 preparing two town sites 18 miles apart: Stanley, on the Nashwaak 25 miles north of Fredericton, and Campbellton on the Miramichi (now Bloomfield Ridge). Company agents surveyed the town sites, built mills and houses, and began work on the roads, but less was accomplished than Company literature promised. Of the two, only Stanley achieved modest success as a magnet for settlers. To populate its lands, the New Brunswick Company during the 1830s made four concerted attempts at direct overseas recruitment. The first targeted poor children institutionalized in London, the second farm labourers and tradesmen in the eastern Borders between England and Scotland. The third party was recruited, disastrously, in the Scottish highlands, and the fourth was a second party from the Borders. The first three parties were settled in and around Stanley, with varying degrees of success; the fourth -- the Cornelius party -- escaped the Company's control and founded Harvey, south of Fredericton.
On arrival in Saint John all but two of the families from the Cornelius continued on to Fredericton "where they received the unfavourable news that a stop had been put to the Company's works" pending the arrival of a new commissioner. There they also learned of complaints of their English friends, and found the economy of the province, reported upon so glowingly the year before, staggering in the wake of an international financial crisis. They therefore appealed to Governor Sir John Harvey, arguing that "they had not left their native country to which they were much attached, through any disaffection but to improve if possible their situation". They petitioned to be allowed to clear a tract of land outside the territory of the Company, “to be sold to them at as reasonable a rate as practicable, to be paid for by instalments within a given period.” The Legislature debated how to respond to their application. Various members of the House pointed to "the most hyperbolical and extravagant inducements" held out to the immigrants in the Company's English pamphlets, and to “its poetical and highly-coloured statements” in the Royal Gazette. In the end the Legislature was swayed by the circumstances of the case. Echoing the favourable reports on the arrival of the D'Arcy the year before, Mr. Clinch, one of the members, observed that it was well-known “that most of the emigrants to this country, and especially the Irish, came here only as a way to the United States; the best of them always went off, and the worst and most useless only remained. But these people were of a different class altogether.” They had been “induced to leave comfortable homes” by extravagant promises that the Company was not in a position to fulfill, and as they had arrived in the wake of a commercial depression in “a year of considerable distress, wages were low, business was greatly stagnated, and a variety of circumstances operated, to prevent these persons from advantageously scattering throughout the Province” looking for work. Moreover, Clinch noted, they had some little capital with them, and were not seeking financial relief, merely the opportunity to buy and pay for lands that they could develop. The Legislature voted the sum of £200 to defray the costs of locating them along a road then constructing between Fredericton and St Andrews, about 25 miles south of the city in what later became the parish of Manners Sutton. It was named the Harvey Settlement, after the Governor. The colonial administration supplied a man to teach them to fell trees, and by paying them to work on the road enabled them to pay for their lots. As this was a special government program, their progress was regularly reported upon.
Excerpted from: B. Elliott 2004-2005. Emigrant Recruitment by the New Brunswick Land Company: The Pioneer Settlers of Stanley and Harvey. Generations: The Journal of the New Brunswick Genealogical Sociey, v. 26, 27.
- CRAIGS (CRAIG)
- 33. James Craigs (Craig). Single man; aged 23; b. 5 Oct 1813, Milfield, Northumberland; son of Thomas Craigs & Margaret Patterson; d. Aug 1902, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.. Pre-emigr. occ.: labourer. Post-emigr. Occ.: farmer. Rel.: Presbyterian.
- James sailed on the Cornelius with his brother Henry Craigs and his wife Isabella Kay. Their father Thomas Craigs followed later. He married fellow Cornelius passenger Mary Hume on 14 Dec 1841 in Harvey Settlement. He received Land Grant Lot #11W, second tier, directly behind that of his younger brother Henry.
- CRAIGS (CRAIG) – KAY
- 34. Henry "Harry" Craigs (Craig) Husband; aged 22; b. 22 Jan 1815, Milfield, Northumberland; son of Thomas Craigs & Margaret Patterson; d. 11 Jul 1893, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Post-emigr. occ.: Rel.: Presbyterian.
- 35. Isabella Kay Wife; aged 32; b. 27 May 1805, Chillingham, Northumberland; bp. 3 Jun 1805 in Wooler West Chapel; d.13 Mar 1881, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.
- Henry and his wife Isabella Kay came to NB in 1837 on the Cornelius with his brother James Craig. Their father Thomas Craigs followed later.
- DAVIDSON (DAVISON)
- 36. Elizabeth Davidson Widow of George Davidson; aged 74; b. ca. 1763, England; d. 17 Jan 1854, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.
- 37. Isabella Davidson Daughter; aged 45; b. 11 Jan 1792, Northumberland (from Etal Presbyterian registry); d. 22 Jan 1869, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.
- 38. George Davidson Son; aged 31; b. 17 Jan 1806, Northumberland (from Etal Presbyterian registry); d. 24 Jun 1891, Harvey; bd Harvey Settlement Cem. Post-emigr. occ.: farmer.
- It is believed that this family was closely related to Margaret Davidson who was married to George Embleton (the parents of the Embletons who emigrated to Harvey Settlement). There is also a connection with chain migrant Thomas Davidson (1827-1903 who came to NB in 1847 and subsequently married Jane Carmichael. George Davidson received Land Grant lot No. 17 Harvey Settlement, Kingsclear, York Co., 98 acres, 1851/12/30, 36 4964.
- EMBLETON – RUNCHMAN
- 39. William Embleton Husband; aged 26; b. 28 Dec 1810, Wooler, Northumberland; bp. 10 Mar 1811; Son of George Embleton & Margaret Davidson; d. 1 Dec 1875, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Pre-emigr. Occ.: carpenter. Post-emigr.: occ.: farmer, carpenter.
- 40. Jane Runchman Wife; aged 25; b. 1812, England; possibly daughter of James Runchman & Cherry; d. 9 May 1886, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.
- 41. George Embleton Son; aged 2 ½; b. 20 Oct 1834, Haughead, Parish of Ilderton, Northumberland; bp. 23 Nov. 1834 Cheviot St. U.P. Wooler; d. 15 Nov 1895, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Eventual occ.: farmer.
- 42. James Embleton Son; aged 1; b. 5 Apr 1836, England; d. 23 Oct 1901, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem. Eventual occ.: farmer.
- William Embleton and his young family traveled with his single younger brother Robert, his single sisters Elizabeth and Eleanor, as well as the family of his sister Isabella who was married to Thomas Herbert. It is unknown who Jane's parents were, but it is quite possible that her father's name was James Runchman, and her mother's name was Cherry (maiden name unknown). There was a Cherry Runchman who immigrated to Harvey in 1842 with her son Edward Runchman and granddaughter Margaret Runchman. The Embleton’s settled on Lot 5W, a hillside lot. The 1861 census lists William as a farmer/carpenter. He employed two males and one female, owned or occupied 30 acres improved land and 15 acres unimproved. Cash value of farm was 80 pounds, value of implements and machinery was 4 pounds.
- 43. Eleanor Embleton Single woman (sibling); aged 23; b. 4 May 1814, Haughead, England; bp. (Church of England) 8 May 1814, Ilderton, Northumberland; daughter of George Embleton & Margaret Davidson; d 23 Jun 1888; bd. Woodstock Anglican Cem.
- 44. Elizabeth Embleton Single woman (sibling); aged 18; b. 1819, England; bp. (Church of England) 1 Jun 1819, Ilderton, Northumberland; daughter of George Embleton & Margaret Davidson; d. 3 Oct 1852, Harvey.
- 45. Robert Embleton Single man (sibling); aged 17; b. 12 May 1820; England; bp. (Church of England) 12 May 1820, Ilderton, Northumberland; son of George Embleton & Margaret Davidson; d. 2 Nov 1885, Harvey; bd. Harvey Settlement Cem.. Pre-emigr. occ.: labourer. Post-emigr. occ.: farmer.
- Siblings Eleanor, Elizabeth and Robert sailed on the Cornelius with their brother William Embleton and his family, as well as the family of their sister Isabella, husband Thomas Herbert and their five young children. All later married and raised families nearby.
“They laid foundations deep and wide
on which to build throughout the years”
Created for the Harvey Settler 170th Anniversary Reunion Ford Castle, Northumberland, Aug 26 - Sep 2, 2007
To learn more visit: http://history.earthsci.carleton.ca
Compiled by R. Tim Patterson, Ottawa, Ontario, Canada (firstname.lastname@example.org)