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Community Sustainability Patrick Hossay The Richard Stockton College of NJ Why Address Sustainability? Green is Revenue Smart Green options are often revenue enhancing or revenue neutral. Energy Savings and Alternative Energy offer high return on investment

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Community sustainability l.jpg

Community Sustainability

Patrick Hossay

The Richard Stockton College of NJ



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Green is Revenue Smart

  • Green options are often revenue enhancing or revenue neutral.

  • Energy Savings and Alternative Energy offer high return on investment





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Carbon Dioxide Emissions

(Million Metric Tons)

How do we get from here . . .

7000

6000

5000

4000

3000

2000

1000

0

To Here?

1850 1870 1890 1910 1930 1950 1970 1990 2005

Positioning for Future Regulatory Changes and Incentives



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The Sustainability Process

  • Identify Leadership

  • Clarify Long Term Scope, Aims and Responsibility

  • Define Stakeholders and Incorporate in the Process

  • Catalyze Buy-In from Key Constituents

  • Ensure Public Awareness


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Incorporate Key Stakeholders

  • City Council

  • Community Associations

  • Business Leaders (C of Commerce)

  • Major Employers

  • Schools

  • Builders

  • Sustainability has no enemies - only converts and those who need to be convinced


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Think Broadly

  • Development and Planning

  • Connectivity

  • Transportation

  • Alternative Energy and Buildings

  • Open Spaces and Trees

  • Recycling

  • Purchasing


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Sustainability Assessment

  • Greenhouse Gas Inventory

  • Set Clear and Measurable Goals

  • Comprehensive Energy Audit


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Carbon Inventory

Community: municipality-wide evaluation of energy use and waste production

Municipal: energy use by municipal buildings and operations


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Purpose

  • Measure - Dimensions, quantity, or capacity as defined according to a set standard.

  • Index – A useful device or procedure used to identify degree or rate of change and serves to guide, point out, or otherwise facilitate reference



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Community Inventory

  • Energy Use

    • Residential

    • Commercial

    • Industrial

  • Transportation

  • Waste

  • Diagnostics


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Community Data Collection

  • Utilities

  • Surveys

  • Observation

    • Waste

    • Traffic

    • Transportation

  • DOT / Traffic Counters

  • Private Sources

    • Solar Installers

    • Propane providers

    • Waste Collection

    • School Bus


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Utilities

  • Electricity Use

  • Gas Use

  • Census projections

  • Other Energy

  • Contact private suppliers / installers to get

    • Solar Energy

    • Propane

    • Fuel Oil


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Green Power Purchase Program

  • NJ Clean Energy Program Clean Power Choice Program

  • This energy use should not be included in the community emissions


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Survey

  • Sampling Method: Cluster Sample

  • Identify clusters of housing types and demographic clusters for focused samples


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Sample Survey

  • Energy

    • Square footage of home?

    • Heating/cooling method?

    • How often is the lawn mowed?

  • Waste

    • Number of times/wk garbage and recycling is picked up?

    • Average number of bags of trash, average number of bags of recycling (define volume of bag) per pickup?

  • Transportation

    • # and type of vehicles?

    • Average mileage of each vehicle?

    • Frequency of public transportation use/ carpooling?


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Use the Survey for Additional Data

  • Ask diagnostic questions

    • If a town shuttle were available, would you use it?

    • If there was a bike path to shopping areas, would you take your bike to the store?

    • Would you consider a more fuel efficient vehicle? Why not?


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Waste

  • Estimate percentage of

    • Paper

    • Food Waste

    • Plant Debris

    • Wood/Textiles

  • Percentage of recyclable material mixed in with trash (diagnostic)

  • For commercial inspections note the trash hauler and estimate volume


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Transportation

  • Sources of Information

    • DOT

    • County and Municipal data

    • Survey data

    • Traffic counters


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Calculating VMT

  • Identify Road Types & Mileage

    • Collectors/Local Roads

    • Limited Access Highways

    • Major Arterial Street

  • Use traffic count data from NJ DOT www.nj.gov/transportation and county, municipality

  • Count traffic by road type

    • Vehicle Type

    • Number of passengers (diagnostic)

    • AADT


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Clean Air and Climate Protection Software

  • Community Analysis

    • Residential

    • Commercial

  • Government Analysis

    • Municipal



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Energy Efficiency

  • Municipality

    • Conservation

    • Energy Audit

      • in-house and out

    • Local Government Energy Audit Program, BPU

    • State Incentives for Upgrade


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Alternative Energy

  • Solar

  • Power Purchase Agreements

  • Solar Renewable Energy Credits


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Wind

  • Small wind is cost effective

  • Siting is key – anemometer loan program

  • State grants

  • Consider the small wind ordinance


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Fuel

  • Alternative Fuel Vehicle Rebate

  • Biodiesel Rebate

  • Infrastructure


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Addressing Community Energy Use

  • Resources for small businesses

  • Partnerships with energy providers

  • Community education/awareness


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Regional Cooperation

  • Planning / Public Transit / Connectivity / Open Space

  • Shared Services and CooperationEnergy / Fuel / Community Education

  • Purchasing


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Creativity

  • Enhancing public transit – Maplewood Concierge

  • Community transportation – Car Sharing

  • Bicycle connectivity / enhancement



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