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Electronics Recycling in the Federal Community FEC Partner Teleconference April 1, 2010 Overview Reasons to recycle electronics Electronics end-of-life flow chart Following personal property regulations Types of recyclers Finding and evaluating a recycler Preparing to recycle Resources

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electronics recycling in the federal community

Electronics Recycling in the Federal Community

FEC Partner Teleconference

April 1, 2010

  • Reasons to recycle electronics
  • Electronics end-of-life flow chart
  • Following personal property regulations
  • Types of recyclers
  • Finding and evaluating a recycler
  • Preparing to recycle
  • Resources
why recycle
Why Recycle?
  • Meets federal requirements
    • Executive Order 13514
  • Meets certain state and local requirements
    • Some localities prohibit or restrict the disposal of certain electronics
    • http://www.electronicsrecycling.org/public/ContentPage.aspx?pageid=14
why recycle4
Why Recycle?
  • Saves energy, resources and money
  • Recycling 1,000 computers saves
    • Enough electricity to power 14 homes for one year
    • Greenhouse gas emissions equivalent to removing 5 passenger cars from the road for one year
    • The equivalent of 89 refrigerators in plastics, glass and metal



GSA Hierarchy

Time Frame


Reuse Internally

41 CFR 102-36

Declared Excess

Report to GSA



(Computers for Learning)

7 days

41 CFR 102-36.475


Transfer to other

Federal Agencies

14 days

41 CFR 102-36



Declared Surplus


(States and Non-Profits)

5 days

41 CFR 102-37

GSA Auctions®

Public Sales

41 CFR 102-38


Abandonment /


41 CFR 102-36

Incineration /


recycling federally owned personal property
Recycling Federally OwnedPersonal Property
  • Must adhere to Federal Management Regulations for property disposal
    • Property must go through the GSA disposition process
    • Obsolete or broken property with no value may be labeled for abandonment and destruction without going through the complete GSA process
  • After following the proper procedures, you can select any recycler you choose
types of electronics recyclers
Types of Electronics Recyclers
  • Asset Management
  • Repair and Refurbish
  • De-manufacture
  • Parts and Subassemblies Recovery
  • Materials Recovery and Recycling
  • Materials Processing and Refining
  • Brokers
asset management
Asset Management
  • Specialize in moving and managing of equipment
    • Corporate move-out firms
    • End of lease equipment
  • May handle more than electronics
  • Equipment may go to reuse or recycling
    • Useful equipment may be resold or sent to a refurbisher
    • Obsolete equipment may be disposed of or recycled
repair and refurbish
Repair and Refurbish
  • Resell equipment as-is or after minor maintenance
    • May provide media sanitization, cleaning
  • Refurbish equipment to improve value for resale
    • Repair or replace nonfunctional components
    • Upgrade obsolete components
  • Equipment likely to be reused
    • Equipment that can not be repaired or upgraded, and broken and replaced components, may be disposed of or recycled
de manufacture
  • Disassembles equipment for bulk reuse or recycling
    • By part (memory, disk drives, processors)
    • By material (plastics, glass, metals)
  • Material likely processed by hand
  • Most or all components and materials are reused or recycled
parts and subassemblies recovery
Parts and Subassemblies Recovery
  • Resell parts and subassemblies after testing
  • Recovered items vary
    • Parts: microchips and memory removed from motherboards, power supplies, video and sound cards, hard drives
    • Subassemblies: motherboards with intact components, cases with power supplies
  • May disassemble whole equipment or receive components from a demanufacturer or refurbisher
  • Most or all components and materials are reused or recycled
materials recovery and recycling
Materials Recovery and Recycling
  • Separate out, and prepare materials for recycling
  • May disassemble whole equipment or receive components from other types of processors
  • May process materials by shredding or other methods
  • Most or all materials are recycled
materials processing and refining
Materials Processing and Refining
  • Receive containers of like, processed, materials
  • Processes the material into a purer, more uniform material
  • Reuse potential of the material depends on its quality
  • Processed material is ready to be made into new products
    • Metal smelters will process base and precious metals
    • Special glass furnaces will handle CRT glass
  • Brokers use relationships and networking to find markets for equipment and materials
  • A broker’s assets are their relationships and information about them may be closely guarded
    • Ask questions so that you are comfortable that the equipment and component materials are properly handled
  • Brokers may move devices, parts, or processed material
important notes
Important Notes!
  • One recycling company may have operations covering more than one recycling activity
  • Equipment that is sent for recycling may change hands several times during its processing
    • Understand the downstream processes of your recycler and be sure they demonstrate due diligence
finding an electronics recycler
Finding an Electronics Recycler
  • Check the lists of Responsible Recycling (R2) Practices certified recyclers
    • Perry Johnson Registrars: http://www.pjview.com/Clients/PJRreports/r2_cert.cfm
    • SGS: http://www.us.sgs.com/sgs-r2-certified-clients3-en-10.pdf
  • Check within your agency or with other federal facilities in your area
  • Contact your local or state environmental or solid waste agency
    • Local collection programs or databases of vendors
finding an electronics recycler17
Finding an Electronics Recycler
  • EPA’s eCycling Web site includes links to donation, recycling and manufacturer take-back Web sites
    • http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/conserve/materials/ecycling/donate.htm
  • GSA’s Environmental Services Schedule (GSA 899-5), a multiple award schedule of electronic waste or hazardous material recycling contractors
    • GSA contractors are not evaluated for their environmental practices
  • DoD facilities must use the Defense Reutilization and Marketing Service (DRMS)
evaluating an electronics recycler
Evaluating an Electronics Recycler
  • Use a recycler certified to the Responsible Recycling (R2) Practices
  • Choose and contract with another environmentally responsible electronics recycler
    • Perform due diligence or rely on due diligence performed by another federal entity
other certifications
Other Certifications
  • R2/Recycling Industry Operating Standard (RIOS)
    • ISRI (Institute of Scrap Recycling Industries)
  • e-Stewards Certification Program
    • BAN (Basel Action Network)
  • Some states register electronics recyclers
important notes20
Important Notes!
  • No federal agency (including the EPA or the Department of Defense) certifies electronics recyclers
  • Recyclers may have environmental permits or follow agency guidelines or standards
  • All recyclers should follow federal, state and local environmental regulations
fec tools for due diligence
FEC Tools for Due Diligence
  • Checklist for Selection of Electronics Reuse and Recycling Services
    • http://www.federalelectronicschallenge.net/resources/docs/select.pdf
  • Guidelines for On-Site Reviews of Electronics Recyclers
    • http://www.federalelectronicschallenge.net/resources/docs/onsite_review.pdf
checklist for the selection of electronic reuse and recycling services
Checklist for the Selection of Electronic Reuse and Recycling Services
  • Checklist to help make a first cut when conducting a market survey of potential recyclers
    • Can be completed over the phone or via email
  • Check boxes make for easy comparisons between companies
  • Even if using a responsible recycler this can help you to decide what services to request when asking for cost estimates
guidelines for on site reviews of electronics recyclers
Guidelines for On-Site Reviews of Electronics Recyclers
  • Tool for documenting a detailed on-site visit
    • Provides questions and important considerations
    • Provides a worksheet to record answers and observations
  • Review information can be shared among FEC Partners
    • Tool contains Confidentiality Notice and addresses use of Confidential Business Information (CBI)
  • Required for FEC Award activities when using a recycler that is not R2 certified
preparing to recycle
Preparing to Recycle
  • Collect all peripherals and cables
  • Complete media sanitization of internal and external media
  • Remove property decals
  • Remove external media (disks, CDs, DVDs, USB drives, paper)
  • Properly package equipment to reduce breakage
  • Complete necessary documentation
  • FEC (End-of-life)
    • http://www.federalelectronicschallenge.net/resources/eolmngt.htm
  • GSA (Personal Property Disposal)
    • http://www.gsa.gov/Portal/gsa/ep/channelView.do?pageTypeId=8211&channelId=-13012
  • DRMS
    • http://www.drms.dla.mil/
  • EPA eCycling
    • http://www.epa.gov/epawaste/conserve/materials/ecycling/index.htm
contact us
Contact Us
  • FEC Champions
    • https://db2.erg.com/fec/champions.asp
  • Partner E-mail
    • partner@electronicschallenge.net
  • Cate Berard
    • berard.cate@epa.gov
    • 202-564-8847