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MAJORING IN WAGERING: Gambling in College Non-tribal casinos? Card rooms? 2005: Video slots More tribal casinos? 1994-2004: Nine tribal casinos open 1992: Video lottery begins 1989: Off-track betting 1933: Legalization of racetrack gambling 1984:

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legal gambling in oregon
Non-tribal casinos?

Card rooms?

2005:

Video slots

More tribal casinos?

1994-2004: Nine tribal casinos open

1992:

Video lottery begins

1989:

Off-track betting

1933: Legalization of racetrack gambling

1984:

Voters approve state lottery

Legal Gambling in Oregon

?

gambling in oregon
Gambling in Oregon
  • Lottery
    • Scratch-its
    • Megabucks
    • Powerball
    • Video gaming
    • Keno
  • Bingo
  • Casino gaming
  • Sports bets
  • Horse racing
  • Stocks
  • Internet
  • Office pools
  • Poker/cards
  • Bets among friends

The only state that offers more gambling opportunities than Oregon is Nevada!

sports bets
SPORTS BETS
  • About 30% of U.S. college students will gamble on sports this year (NCPG)
  • Only states where sports wagering is legal:
    • Nevada
    • Oregon
a new campus favorite internet gambling
A NEW CAMPUS FAVORITE: INTERNET GAMBLING
  • More than 1,400 Internet casinos
  • All offshore
  • Concerns
    • So new that effects are not well studied
    • Not much legal oversight or protection
    • Very easy to hide
    • Done in isolation
    • Accelerated progression to problem gambling
when it gets to be too much
WHEN IT GETS TO BE TOO MUCH
  • Rate of problem gambling among college students is about 5.6% (Shaffer & Hall, 2001)
  • About 15 percent of college students at least at risk for gambling problems (Neighbors, University of Washington)
at high risk rates of problem gambling by age
AT HIGH RISK:Rates of Problem Gambling by Age

Sources: Carlson & Moore, 1998; Shaffer & Hall, 2001; Moore, 2001; Volberg, 2001

implications more than just money
IMPLICATIONS: MORE THAN JUST MONEY
  • Debt/loss of property
  • Family and social breakups
  • Loss of job
  • Depression, suicide
  • Increased rates of bankruptcies, crimes (theft, robbery, fraud, forgery, embezzlement) to finance gambling
  • Other risky behaviors concurrent
typical college problem gambler
Male

Weekly or daily user of alcohol or illicit drugs

Relatively high disposable income

Had been raised by a parent with a gambling problem

NOT associated with problem gambling:

Amount of credit card debt

GPA

School class level

“TYPICAL” COLLEGE PROBLEM GAMBLER

Source: Winters, 1998

telling the difference
SOCIAL GAMBLING

PROBLEM GAMBLING

TELLING THE DIFFERENCE

Frequent, or spends more time gambling.

Occasional gambler.

Plays with $ that is needed or borrowed.

Sticks to limits of money to play with.

Expects to win; keeps playing to win back losses.

Hopes to win but

expects to lose.

Is revolved around gambling.

Can take it or

leave it.

athletes vs non athletes
ATHLETES VS. NON-ATHLETES
  • General gambling:
    • Athletes 81%
    • Non-athletes 81%
  • 28% of athletes gambled on athletic events
  • Rate of problem gambling:
    • Athletes 6.2%
    • Non-athletes 3.3%

Source: Rockey, 2002; Southeastern Conference (SEC) study

most popular gambling activities among athletes
MOST POPULAR GAMBLING ACTIVITIES AMONG ATHLETES
  • Sports betting
    • 25% gambled on sports
    • 4% gambled on events they were involved in
  • Playing cards for money
  • Lotteries
  • Casino games
  • Casino-style machines (e.g., slots & video poker)

Source: Miller et. al, 2001

university of michigan study
UNIVERSITY OF MICHIGAN STUDY
  • 72% of student athletes have gambled at least once since entering college
  • One in 20 male student athletes admitted:
    • providing inside information for gambling purposes
    • betting on a game in which they participated, or
    • accepting money for performing poorly in a game
  • Student athletes who gambled on sports with bookies gambled an average of $225 per month

Source: Cross & Vollano, University of Michigan

no safe bet dangers of athlete problem gambling
NO SAFE BET: DANGERS OF ATHLETE PROBLEM GAMBLING
  • Athletic & academic failure
  • Crime
  • Relationship problems
  • Alcohol & substance abuse
  • Debt
  • Depression & suicide
  • NCAA repercussions
ncaa rules for student athletes
NCAA RULES FOR STUDENT ATHLETES
  • “You may not place any bet of any sort on any college or professional sports event.”
  • “You may not give information to anyone who does place bets on college or professional sports.”
addressing the problem on campus
ADDRESSING THE PROBLEM ON CAMPUS
  • Policies:
    • Introduce gambling language in student conduct code
  • Campus-based program recommendations:
    • Campus counseling services
    • Curriculum infusion – gambling with addictions courses, etc.
    • Prevention programs: Provide awareness education, including available help resources for gambling and other disorders
    • Resident hall advisor training
recommendations for college athletics
RECOMMENDATIONS FOR COLLEGE ATHLETICS
  • Athletic screening:
    • Part of a routine annual physical
    • Two questions to rule out problem gambling behaviors
      • Have you ever felt the need to bet more and more money?
      • Have you ever had to lie to people important to you about how much you gambled?
  • Athletic policy
getting help in your area
GETTING HELP IN YOUR AREA

1-877-2-STOP-NOW

Help Line, available 24 hrs, every day

  • Your treatment agency name here
    • Treatment is free for gamblers and loved ones
    • More tidbits about your regional treatment agency here
for more information
FOR MORE INFORMATION

Your name

Your agency

Your phone

Your email address

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