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Collision Detection Kaboom! The Plan What is collision detection? Why is collision detection important? Classification of collision detection Tools for finding collisions How and where collision detection is implemented in the video game package What is collision detection?

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## Collision Detection

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**Collision Detection**Kaboom!**The Plan**• What is collision detection? • Why is collision detection important? • Classification of collision detection • Tools for finding collisions • How and where collision detection is implemented in the video game package**What is collision detection?**Collision detection is determining the time and/or location of the intersection of two or more objects. Kaboom!**Why is collision detection important?**• Simulations • air traffic control • physics • video games • Modeling • molecular models • packing algorithms • Computer Aided Design (CAD)**Classification of Collision Detection**• Type of objects • convexity/concavity • rigid/deformable • polygons/curves • 1-Dimensional/2D/3D/N-D • static/dynamic • Time of collision • discrete/continuous • static/dynamic • exact/approximate • Motion of objects • linear/non-linear • predictable/dynamic • bounded/unbounded • angular motion • Other factors • realtime/off-line • number of objects • allowable error margin • frame vs. path**Tools for finding collisions**• Bounding boxes/circles/spheres • Constructive Area Geometry • Spacial separation trees • Tile maps • Numerical analysis methods**Collision Detection in theVideo Game Package**• Default uses a single bounding box • Images must use a bounding box • CAG used for approximations • All objects are polygons (or approximated by polygons) • No pruning other than use of bounding box for first approximation**Collision Detection in theVideo Game Package**For pair (j, k) of Sprites: • if the boundingBox(j) does not intersect boundingBox(k), return no intersection • let m be the intersection of j and k • if m is empty, return no intersection • otherwise, return intersection • This algorithm uses a simple test for intersection when possible (intersection of bounding boxes), and a more exact test when the bounding box fails to determine intersection.**Collision Detection in theVideo Game Package**What this collision detection is not good at doing: • determining path intersections (important for fast moving objects or low model frame rates) • determining time/location of first intersection • predicting intersections • handling a large number of Sprites**Collision Detection in theVideo Game Package**Location & Response of collision detection • Sprite • public void setUseBoundingBox(boolean box) • public boolean intersects(Sprite sprite) • public static double getNormalVector(Shape stationary, Shape moving) • ProjectileTracker • public void bounce(double normal)

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