Post-Independence / 20 th Century Long-Term Struggles. China: 1960’s-Present. Mao tried 2 major reform programs: 1. Great Leap Forward Promoted agriculture/industry by getting rid of private property (tried to get distinct ‘Chinese’ communism)
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2. Cultural Revolution
-Tried to further the revolution by making sure everyone was “revolutionary” enough
-Red Guards – persecuted, imprisoned, killed 7 million teachers, intellectuals, professionals, or anyone with ties to “foreigners” or the “bourgeoisie” values
Impact:? - China was depleted of its educated people, meaning it took years longer for the country to develop
India’s Problems Today:
-Sectarian Violence (mainly Hindus/Muslims) – but also with the government’s crackdown on the Sikh minority in the Punjab who wanted autonomy
Indira Gandhi was assassinated – so was her son, Rajiv, who took power in 1985 and was killed in 1991.