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Chapter 1 Objectives Next Distinguish between system software and application software Define the term, computer Describe the categories of computers Identify the components of a computer Identify the elements of an information system

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chapter 1 objectives
Chapter 1 Objectives

Next

Distinguish between system software and application software

Define the term, computer

Describe the categories of computers

Identify the componentsof a computer

Identify the elements of an information system

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using computers

Describe the various types of computer users

Recognize the purpose of a network

Discuss various computer applications in society

Discuss the uses of the Internet and World Wide Web

what is a computer
What Is a Computer?

Processes data into information

Data that is organized, meaningful, and useful

Acceptsdata

Raw facts, figures, and symbols

Produces and stores results

Next

How is a computer defined?

  • Electronic device operating under the control of instructions stored in its own memory

p. 6

what is a computer3
What Is a Computer?

Next

What is the information processing cycle?

  • Input
  • Process
  • Output
  • Storage
  • Communication

p. 6 Fig. 1-2

chapter 1 objectives4
Chapter 1 Objectives

Next

Distinguish between system software and application software

Define the term, computer

Describe the categories of computers

Identify the componentsof a computer

Identify the elements of an information system

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using computers

Describe the various types of computer users

Recognize the purpose of a network

Discuss various computer applications in society

Discuss the uses of the Internet and World Wide Web

the components of a computer
The Components of a Computer

Next

What is an input device?

  • Hardware used

to enter data

and instructions

p. 7 Fig. 1-3

the components of a computer6
The Components of a Computer

Next

What is an output device?

  • Hardware that

conveys information to one or morepeople

p. 7 - 8 Fig. 1-3

the components of a computer7
The Components of a Computer

Next

What is the system unit?

  • Case that containsthe electronic components of the computer that are used to process data

p. 7 - 8 Fig. 1-3

the components of a computer8
The Components of a Computer

Next

What are two main components on the motherboard?

Processor

Also called a Central Processing Unit (CPU)

The electronic component that interprets and carries out the basic instructions that operate the computer

Memory

Consists of electronic components that store instructions waiting to be executed and data needed by those instructions

p. 8

the components of a computer9
The Components of a Computer

Next

What is storage?

  • Holds data, instructions, and information for future use

Storage media

  • Physical material on which data, instructions, and information are stored

Storage device

  • Records and retrieves items to and from storage media

p. 8

the components of a computer10
The Components of a Computer

Next

What is a USB flash drive?

  • Portable storage device
  • Small and lightweight enough to be transported on a keychain or in a pocket
  • The average USB flash drivecan hold about 500 millioncharacters

p. 8

the components of a computer11
The Components of a Computer

Next

What is a hard disk?

  • Provides greater storage capacity than a USB flash drive
  • Most are housed inside the system unit

p. 8 Fig. 1-4

the components of a computer12
The Components of a Computer

Next

What is a compact disc?

  • Flat, round, portable metal disc
  • CD-ROM
  • DVD-ROM

p. 9 Fig. 1-5

the components of a computer13
The Components of a Computer

Next

What is a communications device?

Hardware component that enables a computer to send and receive data, instructions, and information

Occurs over cables, telephonelines, cellular radio networks,satellites, and other transmission media

p. 9

chapter 1 objectives14
Chapter 1 Objectives

Next

Distinguish between system software and application software

Define the term, computer

Describe the categories of computers

Identify the componentsof a computer

Identify the elements of an information system

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using computers

Describe the various types of computer users

Recognize the purpose of a network

Discuss various computer applications in society

Discuss the uses of the Internet and World Wide Web

advantages and disadvantages of using computers
Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Computers

Reliability

Speed

Consistency

Storage

Communications

Next

What are the advantages of using computers?

p. 10

advantages and disadvantages of using computers16
Advantages and Disadvantages of Using Computers

Next

What are the disadvantages of using computers?

Violation ofPrivacy

Public Safety

Impact onLabor Force

Health Risks

Impact onEnvironment

p. 10 - 11

chapter 1 objectives17
Chapter 1 Objectives

Next

Distinguish between system software and application software

Define the term, computer

Describe the categories of computers

Identify the componentsof a computer

Identify the elements of an information system

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using computers

Describe the various types of computer users

Recognize the purpose of a network

Discuss various computer applications in society

Discuss the uses of the Internet and World Wide Web

networks and the internet
Networks and the Internet

Next

What is a network?

  • Collection of computers and devices connected together

Used to share

Resources

Hardware devices

Software programs

Saves time and money

Data

Information

p. 11

networks and the internet19
Networks and the Internet

Next

What is a server?

  • A server controls access to resources on a network
  • Clients, or workstations, request resources from the server

p. 11 Fig. 1-6

chapter 1 objectives20
Chapter 1 Objectives

Next

Distinguish between system software and application software

Define the term, computer

Describe the categories of computers

Identify the componentsof a computer

Identify the elements of an information system

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using computers

Describe the various types of computer users

Recognize the purpose of a network

Discuss various computer applications in society

Discuss the uses of the Internet and World Wide Web

networks and the internet21
Networks and the Internet

Next

What is the Internet?

  • Worldwide collection of networks that connects millions of businesses, government agencies, educational institutions, and individuals

p. 12 Fig. 1-7

networks and the internet22
Networks and the Internet

Next

Why do users access the Internet?

  • Communications

Information

Shopping

Banking and Investing

Classes

Entertainment

7.Download Music

8. Share Information

p. 12 - 13 Fig. 1-8

networks and the internet23
Networks and the Internet

Next

What is the Web?

  • Billions of documents, called Web pages, available to anyone connected to the Internet

A Web site is a collection of related Web pages

You can share information on a socialnetworking Web site or a photo sharingcommunity

A podcast is recorded audio stored on a Web sitethat can bedownloaded

A Web page contains text, graphics, audio, video, and links to other Web pages

A blog consists of time-stamped articles ina journal format

p. 12 - 14

chapter 1 objectives24
Chapter 1 Objectives

Next

Distinguish between system software and application software

Define the term, computer

Describe the categories of computers

Identify the componentsof a computer

Identify the elements of an information system

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using computers

Describe the various types of computer users

Recognize the purpose of a network

Discuss various computer applications in society

Discuss the uses of the Internet and World Wide Web

computer software
Computer Software

Next

What is software?

Consists of a seriesof instructions thattells the computerwhat to do and how to do it

Also called aprogram

p. 15

computer software26
Computer Software

Next

What is a graphical user interface (GUI)?

  • Allows you to interact with the software using text, graphics, and visual images such as icons
  • Controls how you enter data and instructions and how the screen displays information

p. 15 Fig. 1-10

computer software27
Computer Software

Next

What issystem software?

  • Programs that control or maintain the operations of the computer and its devices

Operating System (OS)is a set of programs that coordinates all activities among computer hardware devices

Utility Programsallow the user to perform maintenance-type tasks usually related to managing a computer, its devices or its programs

p. 15-16

computer software28
Computer Software

CLICK TO START

Next

Video: Try a Free Operating System

computer software29
Computer Software

Next

What isapplication software?

  • Programs designed to make users more productive

Word Processing

Spreadsheet

Database

Presentation Graphics

p. 16 Fig. 1-11

computer software30
Computer Software

Step 1: INSTALL

When you insert a greeting card program disc

in the CD drive for the first time, the computer

begins the procedure of installing the greeting

card program on the hard disk.

Step 2: RUN

Once installed, you can instruct the computer to run the greeting card program. The computer transfers instructions from the hard disk to memory.

Step 3: USE

The greeting card program executes. Using this program, you can create custom greeting cards.

Next

How do you install and run programs?

p. 17 Fig. 1-12

computer software31
Computer Software

JavaScript

Web application

Next

What is aprogrammer?

  • Someone who developsapplication or system software
  • Programmer writesthe instructions todirect the computer toprocess data intoinformation

p. 18 Fig. 1-13

chapter 1 objectives32
Chapter 1 Objectives

Next

Distinguish between system software and application software

Define the term, computer

Describe the categories of computers

Identify the componentsof a computer

Identify the elements of an information system

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using computers

Describe the various types of computer users

Recognize the purpose of a network

Discuss various computer applications in society

Discuss the uses of the Internet and World Wide Web

categories of computers
Categories of Computers

Next

What are the categories of computers?

Personal Computers(desktop)

Mobile Computers andMobile Devices

Game Consoles

Servers

Mainframes

Supercomputers

Embedded Computers

p. 19

personal computers
Personal Computers
  • Apple Macintosh usually uses the Macintosh operating system (Mac OS X)
  • PC and compatibles use the Windows operating system

Next

What are the two most popular styles of personal computers?

p. 19 Figs. 1-15–1-16

personal computers35
Personal Computers

Next

What is adesktop computer?

  • Designed so all of the components fit entirely on or under a desk or table

p. 19-20 Fig. 1-15

mobile computers and mobile devices
Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices

Next

What is anotebook computer?

  • Portable, small enough to fit on your lap
  • Also called a laptop computer
  • Usually more expensive than a desktop computer with equal capabilities

p. 20 Fig. 1-17

mobile computers and mobile devices37
Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices

Next

What is aTablet PC?

  • Resembles a letter-sized slate
  • Allows you to write on the screen using a digital pen
  • Especially useful for taking notes

p. 21 Fig. 1-18

mobile computers and mobile devices38
Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices

Next

What are mobile devices?

Small enough tocarry in a pocket

Internet-enabledtelephone is a“smart phone”

p. 21 - 22

mobile computers and mobile devices39
Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices

Small enough to fit in one hand

Used by mobile employees such as meter readers and delivery people

Next

What is ahandheld computer?

p. 21 Fig. 1-19

mobile computers and mobile devices40
Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices

Next

What is apersonal digital assistant (PDA)?

  • Provides personal organizer functions
    • Calendar
    • Appointment book
    • Address book
    • Calculator
    • Notepad

p. 21 Fig. 1-20

mobile computers and mobile devices41
Mobile Computers and Mobile Devices

A smart phone isan Internet-enabledtelephone that usuallyprovides PDA capabilities

Next

What aresmart phones?

p. 22 Fig. 1-21

game consoles
Game Consoles

Mobile computing device designed for single-player or multiplayer video games

Next

What aregame consoles?

p. 22 Fig. 1-22

servers
Servers

Next

What types of servers are there?

A server controls access to network resources and provides centralized storage

MainframeVery powerful, expensive computer that supports thousands of connected users

SupercomputerThe fastest, most powerful, most expensive computer. Used for applications requiring complex mathematical calculations

p. 23 Figs. 1-23 – 1-25

embedded computers
Embedded Computers

Next

What is an embedded computer?

  • A special-purpose computer that functions as a component in a larger product

p. 24 Fig. 1-26

chapter 1 objectives45
Chapter 1 Objectives

Next

Distinguish between system software and application software

Define the term, computer

Describe the categories of computers

Identify the componentsof a computer

Identify the elements of an information system

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using computers

Describe the various types of computer users

Recognize the purpose of a network

Discuss various computer applications in society

Discuss the uses of the Internet and World Wide Web

elements of an information system
Elements of an Information System

Next

What are information system elements?

  • Hardware
  • Software
  • Data
  • People
  • Procedures

p. 25 Fig. 1-27

chapter 1 objectives47
Chapter 1 Objectives

Next

Distinguish between system software and application software

Define the term, computer

Describe the categories of computers

Identify the componentsof a computer

Identify the elements of an information system

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using computers

Describe the various types of computer users

Recognize the purpose of a network

Discuss various computer applications in society

Discuss the uses of the Internet and World Wide Web

examples of computer usage
Examples of Computer Usage

Next

What software is available for a home user?

  • Personal finance management
  • Web access
  • Communications
  • Entertainment

p. 26 Fig. 1-28

examples of computer usage49
Examples of Computer Usage

Next

What software is available for a small office/home office (SOHO) user?

  • Productivity software
  • Specialty software
  • Web usage
  • E-mail

p. 28 Fig. 1-30

examples of computer usage50
Examples of Computer Usage

Next

What is available for a mobile user?

  • Hardware
    • Notebook computers
    • Tablet PCs
    • Internet-enabled PDAs
    • Smart phones
  • Software
    • Word processing
    • Spreadsheet
    • Presentation graphicssoftware

p. 29 Fig. 1-31

examples of computer usage51
Examples of Computer Usage

Next

What are the needs of a power user?

  • Speed and large amounts of storage
  • Types of power users
  • Engineers
  • Scientists
  • Architects
  • Desktop publishers
  • Graphic artists

p. 29 Fig. 1-32

examples of computer usage52
Examples of Computer Usage

Next

What are the needs of the large business user?

  • Payroll
  • Inventory
  • E-commerce
  • Desktop publishing

p. 30 Figs. 1-33

chapter 1 objectives53
Chapter 1 Objectives

Next

Distinguish between system software and application software

Define the term, computer

Describe the categories of computers

Identify the componentsof a computer

Identify the elements of an information system

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using computers

Describe the various types of computer users

Recognize the purpose of a network

Discuss various computer applications in society

Discuss the uses of the Internet and World Wide Web

computer applications in society
Computer Applications in Society

Next

What are some examples of computer applications in society?

  • Education
  • Finance
  • Government
  • Health Care
  • Science
  • Publishing
  • Travel
  • Manufacturing

p. 32-36 Figs. 1-36–1-43

chapter 1 objectives achieved
Chapter 1 Objectives achieved?

Next

Distinguish between system software and application software

Define the term, computer

Describe the categories of computers

Identify the componentsof a computer

Identify the elements of an information system

Discuss the advantages and disadvantages of using computers

Describe the various types of computer users

Recognize the purpose of a network

Discuss various computer applications in society

Discuss the uses of the Internet and World Wide Web

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