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  1. www.makemegenius.com– Full of ingredients to make your child a genius. “Don’t make me read, make me understand “

  2. Threatened Birds of India

  3. Why birds are threatened • Habitat Destruction • Expansion of Agriculture • Rapid Industrialization • Poaching and Trade • Global Warming and Climate Change

  4. Categories of threatened birds • Extinct – not seen at least for 50 years • Critically Endangered – likely to be extinct • Endangered – high risk of extinction • Vulnerable – risk of extinction • Near threatened – close to vulnerable • Least Concern – not qualify any of the above • Data deficient – no information available

  5. Threatened Birds Scenario

  6. Critically Endangered • In Central India we have 9 species of the birds which come under this category

  7. White-backed Vulture Gyps bengalensis • This species is widely distributed in India • Till late 1990 it was in abundant but declined rapidly • Cause – veterinary use of diclofenac for livestock

  8. Long-billed Vulture Gyps indicus • This species is also widely distributed in India • Like White-backed Vultures their population declined rapidly after 1990 • Cause – veterinary use of diclofenac for cattle

  9. Jerdon's Courser Rhinptilus bitorquatus • This is endemic bird found in south-eastern Andhra Pradesh. Earlier known from few places in Central India from Godavari River basin. • Habitat specialist bird found only in scrub forest • Threats – habitat destruction because of human activities

  10. Forest Owlet Heteroglaux blewitti • This bird is endemic to Satpuda Mountains known from only from six places in Central India. Because of the Forest Owlet, the Central Indian Forests come under Endemic Bird Area • Only found in dry deciduous forests • Threats – habitat destruction for fuel wood, illicit wood cutting, overgrazing and direct persecution by tribal

  11. Endangered • We have 12 bird species which come under this category

  12. Great Indian Bustard Ardeotis nigriceps • Historically spread all over Indian subcontinent. Now restricted to only a few places in Rajasthan, Maharashtra, Karnataka, Andhra Pradesh and Madhya Pradesh • Habitat specialist birds representative of Grassland • Threats – expansion of agriculture, habitat fragmentation, overgrazing, pesticides and hunting

  13. Vulnerable • We have 59 species which come under this category

  14. Spot-billed Pelican Pelecanus philippensis • The species found all over India in large wetlands • The population is declining very fast • Threats – destruction of nesting habitat, drainage and pollution of wetlands and dearth of food

  15. Sarus Crane Grus antigone • Historically widespread all over south Asia and Australia. Now declining all over its range • Threats - primarily threatened by a combination of habitat loss and modification (owing primarily to agricultural expansion), pollution and persecution

  16. Near Threatened • We have 58 species which fall under this category

  17. Painted Stork Mycteria leucocephala • Widespread and locally common resident in South east Asia • It frequents freshwater marshes, lakes and reservoirs, flooded fields, paddy fields, freshwater swamp forests, riverbanks, intertidal mudflats and saltpans • Threats - habitat loss, disturbance, pollution and hunting of adults and collection of eggs and nestlings from colonies is cause for concern

  18. Lesser Flamingo Phoeniconaias minor • Found only in Asia and African Continent • Every year 10% population decline is observed in Africa. It breeds in Little Run of Katch in Gujarat • After breeding, disperse over Indian Subcontinent • Threats – water pollution, disturbance to nesting sites and habitat destruction

  19. Thanks Submitted by Ambar Patna

  20. If you also want to share your own or your kid’s presentation(ppt) please send it on info@makemegenius.com

  21. www.makemegenius.com– Full of ingredients to make your child a genius. “Don’t make me read, make me understand “