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The UK FIST Programme

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  1. The UK FIST Programme Improving the Combat Effectiveness of the Dismounted Soldier Lt Col A M Macnaughton, PM FIST

  2. The UK FIST Programme • The Need • The Programme • Increasing Combat Effectiveness • Summary

  3. The Need • Capability shortfalls • Implications of NEC • Allied Programmes

  4. The Enemy

  5. The Need • Capability shortfalls • Implications of NEC • Allied Programmes

  6. Network Enabled Capability

  7. UGS Network Enabled Capability - The Future

  8. The Need • Capability shortfalls • Implications of NEC • Allied Programmes

  9. Allied Programmes • USA • Land Warrior • Future Warrior • Marine Expeditionary Rifle Squad • FR • FELIN • GE • IdZ … And many others ...

  10. The UK FIST Programme • The Need • The Programme • Increasing Combat Effectiveness • Summary

  11. The Programme • The Technology Demonstrator Programme • The ‘Get Well’ Programme • The Requirement • The FIST Programme

  12. Enhanced Surveillance & Target Acquisition The Technology Demonstrator Programme Remote Sensors C4I Enhanced Protection Rapid Area Effects Robust and underpinned by validated OA…….

  13. The ‘Get Well’ Package

  14. The ‘Get Well’ Package • LMG - FN Para Minimi • UGL - H&K AG36 UGL • HMNVS: • PVS 14b • LLM01 • LWTI Plus the deployment of PRR as part of a separate programme

  15. The Requirement • Conduct DCC • Move • Find • Engage Soldier as a System…………. Section as a Platform…….

  16. Key Programme Details A 3 year AP programme Production Phase 2008 Initial Operating Capability 2009 29681 Systems 03 04 05 06 07 08 09 AP Contract Placement Assessment Phases COEIA/staffing Business Case and supporting data for Main Gate Demonstration & Manufacture In Service Date Bde Level Operation The FIST Programme

  17. Who Gets FIST? • Current Assumptions: • Approximately 29.5K sets - number being reviewed • Tri-Service - Army, RM and RAF Regiment • All arms/services in Battle Groups • Formation recce • Assessment Phase: • Indicating ‘fitted for but not’ with approach • Will produce a recommended distribution

  18. Incremental Acquisition IG MG FIST 1 Assessment Develop & Manufacture In-Service Service experience IG MG FIST 2 Assessment Develop & Manufacture In-Service Service experience IG MG FIST 3 Assessment R & D - Integrated Soldier Technology

  19. The UK FIST Programme • The Need • The Programme • Increasing Combat Effectiveness • Summary

  20. Increasing Combat Effectiveness • Man in the Loop • Environmental Factors • Physical Realities • Lethality: a Case Study

  21. Human Factors • The soldier (dismounted or in an AFV) will be pre-occupied with finding and attacking the enemy before he himself is killed. • His primary senses will be dedicated to that task • The information format and presentation must not interfere with or degrade those senses. • Heads up and alert, not heads down in a computer.

  22. Human Interfaces Section, 200m, Iraqi Infantry in the open, fire!

  23. You’ve got mail! Human Interfaces 200m, Enemy Infantry, better text the blokes!

  24. Information: How much How often When To whom In what format By what medium Voice primacy Access: Security Flexibility Self synchronisation vs automation Decider support not replacement NEC or NCW The Human Challenges

  25. Increasing Combat Effectiveness • Man in the Loop • Environmental Factors • Physical Realities • Lethality: a Case Study

  26. Environmental Challenges

  27. Increasing Combat Effectiveness • Man in the Loop • Environmental Factors • Physical Realities • Lethality: a Case Study

  28. Physical Realities • Human contact an enduring requirement • Tempo • Requires own tactical agility • Physical constraints: • Load carriage • Weight • Power (= weight)

  29. Weight

  30. Increasing Combat Effectiveness • Man in the Loop • Environmental Factors • Physical Realities • Lethality: a Case Study

  31. CommanderSA80 IW EPG Day Sight - SUSAT II Sight - CWS HMNVS Binoculars Grenadier SA80 IW 40mm UGL EPG SUSAT II Sight - CWS HMNVS Gunner LMG (94 mm LAW) EPG HMNVS Marksman SA80 LSW EPG SUSAT II Sight - CWS HMNVS Where We Are Now In future: NLAW, ASM at section level replacing 94 mm LAW

  32. Possible System Weights

  33. Weight by Category Kgs

  34. Small Arms Weight Reduction

  35. Sighting Issues • Differing sight requirements for differing weapons • Match STA to capability across the section • Maximise the benefits of each technology to provide the section, as a system, with equally good day & night performance. • Cost: £/power (weight)/weight

  36. FIST Capabilities • Strong emphasis on C4I - the key enabler • Protection - a balance between weight saving and greater protection • Sustainability - power draw/power management the key issue • Lethality - more for less • Improved STA/FCS

  37. Vinghogs FN2000 Noptel TAVOR 2 XM29 OICW Brashear Fire Control Systems

  38. FIST Capabilities • Strong emphasis on C4I - the key enabler • Protection - a balance between weight saving and greater protection • Sustainability - power draw/power management the key issue • Lethality - more for less • Improved STA/FCS • Sensor-Shooter Capability

  39. The UK FIST Programme • The Need • The Programme • Increasing Combat Effectiveness • Summary

  40. Increasing Combat Effectiveness • Need for a systems approach • No ‘killer application’ • Soldier-centric • Managing real estate and weight • Integration

  41. Soldier Systems Integrated with FIST under the FIST Assessment Phase. Battlegroup Systems Integration with FIST investigated by the Soldier System Co-ordination Design Authority Process Infantry Section Integration

  42. FIST Vision • Working within the future digitised Battlespace, FIST will ultimately encompass all that a soldier • uses, • carries, • wears • consumes • Providing a revolutionary enhancement to the operational effectiveness of those committed to dismounted close combat