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Robotics, Past, Present, and Future Susan Eileen Fox Macalester College September 5, 2004 Science fiction robots Real-world robots Manufacturing, Security, and Exploration Real-world robots Consumer and Recreational Classes of robots Deterministic

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robotics past present and future

Robotics, Past, Present, and Future

Susan Eileen Fox

Macalester College

September 5, 2004

real world robots
Real-world robots

Manufacturing, Security, and Exploration

real world robots4
Real-world robots

Consumer and Recreational

classes of robots
Classes of robots
  • Deterministic
    • Human moves robot through task, robot replicates task
  • Remote-control
    • Human actively controls actions
  • Autonomous
    • Robot moves independently in the world
  • Assisted/Assistive
    • Robot assists human in controlling its actions
robotics in the past
Robotics in the past
  • 1960s: Shakey, first robot arm, SRI cart
  • 1970s: Voyager space probes, multi-legged robots
  • 1980s: improved communications and computers onboard!
  • 1990s: AAAI Robot Competition, Mars rover, Handyboard
  • 2000s: Affordable robot hardware and software
macalester robotics lego robots
Macalester robotics: Lego robots
  • Mindstorm and Handyboard controllers
  • Lego motors and parts
  • Sensors:
    • Touch sensors
    • Light sensors
    • Rotational sensors
    • Sonar and IR sensors
    • CMU Cam
macalester robotics lauren and humphrey
Macalester robotics: Lauren and Humphrey
  • Pioneer 2 DX robots
  • Onboard Linux computer
  • Wireless Ethernet
  • Forward and rear sonar sensors
  • Video camera
  • Gripper
current robotics research
Current robotics research
  • Kismet (MIT)
  • Wheelesly (MIT)
  • Autonomous vehicles (CMU)
  • Mars robots (NASA)
current research test beds
Current research test beds
  • Mars exploration
  • Robocup
    • AIBO movie
  • Search and Rescue
future of robotics 10 years
Future of robotics: 10 years
  • Manufacturing: more “intelligent” robots move in
  • Security and exploration:
    • Patrol + surveillance
    • Miniaturization
    • More autonomous robots
  • Consumer and recreational robots:
    • Lawnmowers, vacuums, kitchen appliances become mainstream
    • Prosthetics and intelligence wheelchairs hit the market
    • Automated vehicles/Smart roads
    • Robot toys of increasing intelligence
  • NOT: true intelligence, androids, science fiction imaginings