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WarmUp : Review. Open your books to Chapter 3, Section 3 & identify the 6 factors of social change discussed in that section. In your journals, copy & summarize each of those factors. Chapter 18.1. Social Change & Modernization . Objectives.

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warmup review
WarmUp: Review
  • Open your books to Chapter 3, Section 3 & identify the 6factors of social change discussed in that section.
  • In your journals, copy &summarize each of those factors.
chapter 18 1

Chapter 18.1

Social Change &Modernization

  • Summarize the theories that social scientists have offered to explain the process of social change.
  • Explain how theories of social change have evolved.
social change
Social Change
  • alterations in various aspects of society over time
cyclical theory of social change
Cyclical Theory of Social Change
  • views change from a historical perspective
  • assumes natural stages of development
  • likely to gain popularity during periods of upheaval
oswald spengler
Oswald Spengler
  • German historian
  • deeply troubled by WWI
  • wrote Decline of the West
    • asserted that West was well into decline in the 1900s &collapse was inevitable
pitirim sorokin
Pitirim Sorokin
  • Russian-American sociologist
  • presented 2 extreme forms of culture
    • ideational culture: truth &knowledge sought through faith &religion
    • sensate culture: people seek knowledge through science
evolutionary theory of social change
Evolutionary Theory of Social Change
  • views change as a process that moves in one direction – toward increasing complexity
early evolutionary theories
Early Evolutionary Theories
  • 1800s: believed that all societies progress through the same distinct stages of social development
  • stages should improve over time
  • justified political &social conditions in Europe & U.S.
modern evolutionary theories
Modern Evolutionary Theories
  • said that societies have a “tendency” to become more complex over time
  • attempts to see why societies change
equilibrium theory of social change
Equilibrium Theory of Social Change
  • built on functionalist idea that society resembles a living organism
  • occurs as society adapts to maintain stability after a change in one area; involves differentiation &integration
conflict theory
Marx & Class Conflict,

Dahrendorf & Social Conflict

Conflict theory
conflict theory of social change
Conflict Theory of Social Change
  • change results from conflicts between groups with opposing interests
karl marx class conflict
Karl Marx &Class Conflict
  • all human history is history of class conflict
  • most interested in how this occurs in industrial societies
ralf dahrendorf social conflict
Ralf Dahrendorf&Social Conflict
  • holds that social conflict can take many forms
    • racial, ethnic, political, religious, labor, gender, age, etc.
social change through technology social media climate change
Social Change Through Technology: Social Media &Climate Change
  • Participation culture, creativity &social change
  • Do you agree with Gauntlett’s assertion that we need to become more of a “making-and-doing culture” as opposed to a “sit-back-and-be-told culture?” Why or why not?
  • How do you think technology & social media will influence social movements of the future?
  • Do you think that people will be happier &more productive if they are engaged in the process of creating? Why or why not?
  • What role will social media play in helping us transition into a society that has to adapt to new environmental challenges? What challenges might we be facing?
chapter 18 classwork
  • Page 470: #3-4
  • Page 479: #2-3
  • Page 480: #1-10 Identifying People & Ideas
  • Page 480: #1-6 Understanding Main Ideas
  • Page 481: #1-4 Building Social Studies Skills