PSYCHOLOGY AND CRIMINAL BEHAVIOUR. Concepts and Definitions. Defining the Subject Matter. Crime Delinquency Deviance
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Concepts and Definitions
‘Although often lay people feel they can easily identify crime and criminals, deviants and deviance, there are in fact unclear boundaries bordering legality and illegality, normality and deviance’ (Holdaway 1988:8).
Sources of norms
Consensus crime: wearing samurai hair style in medieval Japan
Conflict crime: growing a long beard in early 17th century Russia
Social deviation: wearing long hair in John Lie’s high school
Social diversion: dyeing your hair purple in the U.S.A. today
High agreement Confusion, apathy
Relatively harmless Very harmful
about the norm
Evaluation of Severity of
Social Harm Social Response
Source: Hagan (1994).
7 crime categories
Harms against the social order or social values
distinguishes criminal roles according to the
Stage theories inspired by social psychological theories on social perspective taking
Development in terms of increasing involvement with people and social institutions
Progressively more differentiated perceptions of the world, the self and others
Eg MMPI based classifications
Eg - paraphilias
- personality disorders