Reactivity series
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Reactivity series. Reactions of metals with oxygen. METAL + OXYGEN METAL OXIDE. Copy and complete the following reactions: Magnesium + oxygen Copper + oxygen Calcium + oxygen Iron + oxygen.

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Reactions of metals with oxygen
Reactions of metals with oxygen

METAL + OXYGEN METAL OXIDE

  • Copy and complete the following reactions:

  • Magnesium + oxygen

  • Copper + oxygen

  • Calcium + oxygen

  • Iron + oxygen

When a metal reacts with oxygen it will form a METAL OXIDE. This is what happens when a metal rusts. We can make this reaction happen quicker by burning the metal.


Reactions of metals with water
Reactions of metals with water

METAL + WATER METAL OXIDE + HYDROGEN

METAL + WATER METAL HYDROXIDE + HYDROGEN

  • Copy and complete the following reactions:

  • Sodium + water

  • Potassium + water

  • Calcium + water

  • Iron + steam

When a metal reacts with water hydrogen is always given off. The other product will be either a metal hydroxide or a metal oxide.


Reactions of metals with acids
Reactions of metals with acids

METAL + ACID SALT + HYDROGEN

e.g. magnesium + hydrochloric acid magnesium chloride + hydrogen

  • Copy and complete the following reactions:

  • Calcium + hydrochloric acid

  • Zinc + hydrochloric acid

  • Iron + hydrochloric acid

  • Lithium + sulphuric acid

When a metal reacts with an acid it gives off hydrogen (which can be “popped” using a lit splint). The other product is a salt.


Complete the following reactions
Complete the following reactions:

  • Lithium + water

  • Lithium + hydrochloric acid

  • Silver + oxygen

  • Magnesium + sulphuric acid

  • Potassium + oxygen

  • Aluminium + oxygen

  • Manganese + water

  • Sodium + sulphuric acid

  • Lithium + oxygen

  • Nickel + hydrochloric acid

Lithium hydroxide + hydrogen

Lithium chloride + hydrogen

Silver oxide

Magnesium sulphate + hydrogen

Potassium oxide

Aluminium oxide

Manganese oxide + hydrogen

Sodium sulphate + hydrogen

Lithium oxide

Nickel chloride + hydrogen



The reactivity series
The Reactivity Series

Increasing reactivity

Potassium

Sodium

Calcium

Magnesium

Aluminium

Carbon

Zinc

Iron

Lead

Copper

Silver

Gold

The Reactivity Series lists metals in order of reactivity:


Reactivity series

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