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SRHR in EU policies and AU-EU cooperation. Building North–South Partnership 13 April 2010. EU Policy on SRHR. Full support to implementation ICPD PoA Full achievement of MDG 5 Aid Effectiveness Paris 2005 & AAA 2008 ICPD+10 Council conclusions 2004 EU Consensus on Development 2006

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srhr in eu policies and au eu cooperation

SRHR in EU policies and AU-EU cooperation

Building North–South Partnership

13 April 2010

eu policy on srhr
EU Policy on SRHR
  • Full support to implementation ICPD PoA
  • Full achievement of MDG 5
  • Aid Effectiveness Paris 2005 & AAA 2008
  • ICPD+10 Council conclusions 2004
  • EU Consensus on Development 2006
  • EU Role on Global Health 2010
council conclusions 2004 confirm
Council conclusions 2004 confirm:
  • Full support for entire agenda ICPD & ICPD+5;
  • Rights based approach;
  • Key to poverty reduction and achieving MDGs;
  • Financial contributions remained too low. Additional resources are needed;
  • Link HIV/AIDS and SRHR;
  • Adolescents; gender; humanitarian situations;
  • Constructive dialogue in spirit of ICPD.
eu consensus on development
EU consensus on development
  • Common Objectives: Reducing poverty in context sustainable development MDGs, incl. SRHR/ICPD (see paragraphs: 8, 12, 94)
  • Common Values: Human rights, fundamental freedoms, democracy, good governance, gender equality, rule of law, solidarity, justice.
  • Common Principles: Ownership and partnership; alignment to recipient country systems.
  • Delivering more and better aid/policy coherence.
eu role on global health 1
EU role on global health (1)
  • Human rights approach to health and access to health care, including preventive services
  • Solidarity towards equitable and universal coverage of quality health services
  • Priority countries: fragile situation, aid orphan, worst off-track from health MDGs
  • Aid effectiveness: health dialogue; national health policies and plans; health systems strengthening; stakeholder participation; parliamentary scrutiny; predictability; inter-linkages MDGs & multi-sectoral nature of health
eu role on global health 2
EU role on global health (2)
  • Policy coherence: access to essential medicines; health professionals migration; fragile contexts; global health threats; food security and nutrition; climate change
  • Research that benefits the health of all people
  • Delivering results through joint EU action and division of labour on health at country and global levels.
  • Staff Working Documents

(1) universal coverage of health services;

(2) responding to challenges of globalization;

(3) research and knowledge for global health

eu role on global health 3
EU role on global health (3)

“The EU should channel 2/3 of health ODA through partner countries national development programmes and 80% using partner countries’ procurement and public financial management systems.”

swd contributing to universal coverage of health services through development policy
SWD: Contributing to universal coverage of health services through development policy
  • Reducing health inequalities within and between countries; addressing links poverty - health
  • Universal coverage of package of priority health services, including: SRH, child health, communicable and non-communicable diseases
  • Priority countries based on needs and financing gaps
  • Country ownership. Budget support linked with adequate dialogue on health systems strengthening and performance monitoring. Gradual shift of support from fragmentation to on-budget and predictable funding.
  • Linking Relief, Rehabilitation and Development
  • Collaboration with WHO, UNFPA, UNIFEM, WB
  • Promotion of IHP and JANS as tools
acp eu partnership cotonou agreement 2000 2020
ACP - EU Partnership (‘Cotonou’) Agreement 2000 – 2020
  • Objectives: reducing poverty consistent with sustainable development
  • Partners: ACP Group of States and EU Member States and Commission
  • Three pillars:

+ development cooperation

+ economic and trade cooperation

+ political dimension

  • Implementation through European Development Fund. 10thEDF: 22.7 billion for 2008 – 2013 (in addition to other funds)
srhr in cotonou agreement
SRHR in Cotonou Agreement

Development strategies - Areas of support:

  • Article 25 on social sector development:

(c) integrating population issues into development strategies in order to improve reproductive health….

(d) promoting the fight against HIV/AIDS, ensuring the protection of sexual and reproductive health and rights of women…

  • Article 31 bis on HIV/AIDS as thematic issue:

(d) ….develop effective gender sensitive HIV/AIDS programmes and services for women and girls, including those related to SRHR….

(g) ….ensuring universal access to ….health commodities, including SRH commodities

africa eu strategic partnership a joint africa eu strategy 2007
Africa – EU Strategic PartnershipA Joint Africa – EU Strategy (2007)

Strategic inter-related priority areas:

  • Peace and security;
  • Governance and human rights;
  • Trade and regional integration;
  • Key development issues MDGs

Monitoring through Joint AU-EU Taskforce

joint africa eu strategy selected partnerships and priority actions
Joint Africa – EU StrategySelected partnerships and priority actions:
  • Eight partnerships in total, one on MDGs:

+ ensure the finance and policy base;

+ accelerate achievement of:

* food security targets

* health targets Maputo Plan of Action on SRHR

* education targets

joint africa eu strategy maputo plan of action in mdgs partnership
Joint Africa – EU StrategyMaputo Plan of Action in MDGs Partnership:
  • Much supported by MS and Commission
  • Seen as one of the best opportunities to give hands and feet to the Partnership
  • Particularly mentioned in ‘A 12-point EU action plan in support of the MDGs’ of April 2010
joint africa eu strategy functioning of the mdgs partnership 1
Joint Africa – EU Strategy Functioning of the MDGs partnership (1):
  • Agreed Roadmap for 2008-10
  • Regular Joint Expert Group (JEG) meetings to discuss implementation of Roadmap: 2 Commissions, MS on both sides, open to Parliaments and civil society
  • EU Implementation Team meetings to prepare EU position for JEG (in principle same structure for AU)
  • Regular Joint Task Force meetings (senior level, for all JAES) also used to discuss progress on Roadmap
joint africa eu strategy functioning of the mdgs partnership 2
Joint Africa – EU Strategy Functioning of the MDGs partnership (2):
  • Problem Joint Expert Group: too broad agenda; participants are diplomats rather than experts; lack of budget for meetings; lack of commitment…
  • Future of MDG Partnership? Smaller task teams to become more efficient? (Maputo Plan of Action? Disability?)
joint africa eu strategy role of parliamentarians and civil society in the dialogues
Joint Africa – EU StrategyRole of parliamentarians and civil society in the dialogues:
  • JAES transparent and inclusive
  • Discussions open to Parliaments (EP, PAP, national Parliaments), civil society, local authorities
  • Regular contacts between EP and PAP
  • Interim steering groups set up on both EU and AU side to organise CSO involvement
joint africa eu strategy au eu joint declaration for mdgs summit
Joint Africa – EU Strategy AU – EU Joint Declaration for MDGs Summit:

Draft product of the MDGs Partnership emphasizing:

  • More action to address off-track targets, in a comprehensive and holistic approach
  • Strengthened local ownership
  • Aid effectiveness
  • Policy coherence
  • Africa and EU will work together in a determined fashion and with all stakeholders to ensure that MDGs Summit is successful and ambitious
  • JAES has important role to play in facilitating communication between joint Africa and joint EU positions. Follow-up in AU-EU Summit in November
joint africa eu strategy financing sources for mdgs partnership 1
Joint Africa – EU StrategyFinancing sources for MDGs partnership (1)
  • 10th European Development Fund (EDF)

* Country support (Budget/Sector/Programme)

* Intra- ACP and Intra-Regional support

  • Development Cooperation Instrument (DCI)

* geographic cooperation/country support

* Investing in People

* Sugar, bananas export

  • Direct contributions from African and EU States and from the private sector
  • Global partnerships/funds (GFAMT, GAVI)
joint africa eu strategy financing sources for mdgs partnership 2
Joint Africa – EU Strategy Financing sources for MDGs partnership (2)
  • European Neighbourhood Policy Instrument (ENPI)
  • European Instrument for Democracy and Human rights (EIDHR)
  • Instrument for Stability
  • EU financial institutions, e.g. European Investment Bank (EIB)
  • (Humanitarian Aid)
mdg contracts
MDG Contracts
  • Commitment for six years predictability
  • To enable governments to plan their strategies and budgets to achieve the MDGs
  • Shared indicators for policy dialogue and monitoring
  • Up till now contracts with: Burkina Faso, Ghana, Mali, Mozambique, Rwanda, Tanzania, Uganda and Zambia with total commitments of € 1.8 bn = 50% of all general budget support under EDF10
commission priorities for accelerating aid effectiveness 1
Commission priorities for accelerating Aid Effectiveness (1)

1. Use of country systems as first option:

  • use of national budget execution procedures;
  • use of national financial reporting procedures;
  • use of national auditing procedures;
  • use of national procurement procedures
commission priorities for accelerating aid effectiveness 2
Commission priorities for accelerating Aid Effectiveness (2)

2. Implementation of division of labour

  • Within countries
  • Between countries

3. Enhanced capacity development support

  • Development local capacities
  • Improved effectiveness of technical cooperation
  • No new parallel PIUs