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Het Meerjarig Financieel Kader 2014-2020 Een budget voor Europa 2020. 1. MFK. I. Het oorspronkelijke voorstel van de COM II. De huidige stand van zaken III. Van speciaal belang voor onderwijs/onderzoek. EU Budget = beleid in getallen. Antwoorden

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het meerjarig financieel kader 2014 2020 een budget voor europa 2020
Het Meerjarig Financieel Kader


Een budget voor Europa 2020


  • I. Het oorspronkelijke voorstel van de COM
  • II. De huidige stand van zaken
  • III. Van speciaal belang voor onderwijs/onderzoek
eu budget beleid in getallen

EU Budget = beleid in getallen


  • European logic fully geared to Europe 2020 strategy
  • Modernised budget

- outputoriented,simplification, conditionality, leveraging investment

  • Limited in size, but redesigned

- savings in some areas

- more to areas that matter

- multi-purpose expenditure

  • Budgetary rigour, administrative limits
  • New legitimacy of traditional policies


  • Lisbon Treaty: more responsibilities
  • Connect Europe better
  • Social, economic disparities
  • Unstable neighborhood
  • Austerity climate
  • Financial crisis interventions
  • Response to natural disasters
  • Ensure synergies to prove EU Value-added


voor evenveel GELD!

meer moderne begroting

Meer moderne begroting

  • Connecting Europe Facility
  • Innovative financial instruments
  • Key changes in research, cohesion, agriculture and external action
  • Administrative rigour
  • Simplification
  • New Own resources
  • Simplified system of corrections
i voorstel com overzicht

I. Voorstel COM: overzicht

  • Totaal volume
  • Uitgaven - overzicht
  • [Eigen middelen en correcties]
overzicht voorstelling

Overzicht voorstelling

  • Totaal volume
  • Overzicht uitgavenzijde
  • [Eigen middelen en correcties]


Niewe architectuur cohesiebeleid
  • Three categories of regions
    • Less developed regions (GDP per capita < 75%)
    • Transition regions (GDP per capita between 75% and 90%)
    • More developed regions (GDP per capita > 90%)
    • Cohesion Fund for Member States with GNI per capita <90%
  • Territorial cooperation (3 strands: CBC, transnational, interregional)
cohesion policy

Cohesion policy

  • Common strategic framework for all structural funds
  • Investment partnership contracts with Member States
  • Stronger conditionality
  • The biggest spending area by 2020
  • Concentration on poorer and weakest regions
  • Thematic concentration
  • Transition regions


  • Declining share in the EU budget until 2020
  • Greening of CAP - direct aid 30 % linked to environment measures
  • Progressive convergence towards EU average:
    • Close 33% of the gap with 90% of EU average
    • Financed by all Member States above the average
  • Market measures: Emergency Mechanism
  • European Globalisation Fund to help farmers adapt to globalisation
administratieve uitgaven

Administratieve uitgaven

  • Budget under restraint
    • Staff reduction up to 5%
    • Efficiency gains (increase working hours to 40 a week)
    • Reviewing certain benefits in line with similar trends in Member States
  • Administrative expenditure discipline for all EU institutions

* Excluding Pensions and European Schools

overzicht presentatie

Overzicht presentatie

  • Totaalvolume
  • Uitgavenzijde
  • [Eigen middelen en correcties]
ii huidige situatie

II. Huidige situatie

  • Manier van werken:
    • Raadswerkgroep SA en FOP; bilaterales met kabinet Van Rompuy

2. Coreper – RAZ – Europese Raad - Trilaterales

ii huidige situatie b

II. Huidige situatie (b)

2. Stavaza 1 november 2012: naar Europese Raad op 22-23/11

* Kloof tussen netto-betalers (DU, NL, FI, …) en netto-ontvangers (nieuwe lidstaten, lidstaten in serieuze fin.-econ. Problemen)

* BE: in tussenpositie …

* Cyprioten zetten cijfers in “onderhandelingsdoos” MFK

ii huidige situatie c
II. Huidigesituatie (c)
  • Grote spanningen rond:
    • Algemeen volume begroting: - 100 miljard euro? (Voorstel CY: op dit ogenblik in totaal: - 50 miljard: “tussensituatie naar extra bezuinigingen”; wellicht naar – 50 tot – 75 miljard euro
    • Geld voor cohesie: transitieregio’s, competiviteitsregio’s, macro-economische conditionaliteit? Allocatiecriteria competregio’s …
    • Geld voor GLB: daling pijler 1 (art. 53)? Convergentie tussen oude en nieuwere LS: snelheid? Pijler 2 voor wie? Vergroening …
    • Food for deprived (2 miljard) naar ESF
    • Connecting Europe Facility: - 30 % t.a.v. voorstel COM voor Transport, - 23 % Energie, - 24 % ICT
ii huidige situatie d
II. Huidigesituatie (d)
  • Rubriek 1 a: Competiviteit: - 11 % (SIC); maar toch nog 61,3 % t.a.v. vorige periode
  • Wat met ITER, GMES: in 1 a zonder compensatie?
  • 1b: (Cohesie): - 4 % - vooral meest ontwikkelde - en transitieregio’s
iii belangrijk voor hoger onderwijs
III. Belangrijk voor hoger onderwijs

a) Horizon 2020: onderzoeksprogramma

b) Erasmus for All

proposal for the eu framework programme for research and innovation 2014 2020

Proposal for the EU Framework Programme for Research and Innovation (2014-2020)

DG Research & Innovation, European Commission

  • Economic context:
  • Priority for growth enhancing measures within smart fiscal consolidation
  • R&I essential for competitiveness and creating and retaining high value jobs and industries
  • Policy context:
  • R&I central to Europe 2020 strategy and to realise EU goals in areas such as energy, environment, transport, security
  • International context:
  • EU falling behind other regions in R&D (e.g. US, Japan) and losing ground to emerging countries (e.g. China, India)
added value of r i spending at eu level
Added value of R&I spending at EU level
  • Cross-border pooling of resources achieves critical mass and diffusion of knowledge
  • EU level competition increases levels of R&I excellence and international attractiveness for global talent
  • Cross-border training and career development enhances Europe’s research and innovation capacities
  • EU projects provide knowledge to address pan-European policy challenges and advance Single Market
  • Partnerships with Member States increases efficiency and effectiveness of public spending (e.g. removes duplications)
  • Risk sharing with private sector, leverages additional private R&I investments
some examples
Some examples:
  • EU collaborative research on 3G mobile phone standards, led to €250 billion market revenues for EU companies.
  • EU Risk Sharing Finance Facility has leveraged investments in R&D (EIB, private sector) worth 30 times EU contribution.
  • European Research Council grants are attracting leading researchers from US (in some fields more than half of grant holders have doctorates/ post docs in US)
  • Evaluations show every €1 of EU R&D spending leads to an increase in industry added value of €7-14.
horizon 2020 general objective
Horizon 2020: general objective
  • General objective: building an economy based on knowledge and innovation; supporting Europe 2020 and European Research Area.
  • Proposed budget 2014-20: €77.606 billion (constant 2011 prices)
    • Also €1.665 billion Euratom 2014-18; €0.729 provisioned for 2019-20
  • Performance indicators: Europe 2020 R&D target (3% of GDP, currently 2.01%); Europe 2020 innovation indicator

Horizon 2020: specific objectives (1)

Priority 1 – Excellent Science


Horizon 2020: specific objectives (2)

Priority 2 – Industrial Leadership


Horizon 2020: specific objectives (3)

Priority 3 – Societal Challenges

*Additional €1 788m for nuclear safety and security from the Euratom Treaty activities (2014-18). Does not include ITER.

horizon 2020 specific objectives 4
Horizon 2020: specific objectives (4)

Three priorities also supported by:

* Second tranche pro rata from Enabling & Industrial Technologies and Societal challenges (subject to review)

**Additional €656 m for the JRC to be funded from the Euratom Treaty activities

major simplification
Major simplification
  • Single framework programme integrating 3 separate instruments (and 8 different specific programmes)
  • Single set of rules covering all R&I funding, aligned with Financial Regulations
  • One project, one funding rate – 100% direct costs*, 20% flat rate for indirect costs
  • Fewer, better targeted, controls & audits
  • Faster time to grant – average time reduced by 100 days
  • Efficient management, including greater use of external management
  • * Lower maximum rate (70%) for closer to market projects. Projects will require co-funding by participants for indirect costs which are typically in the order of 100% of direct costs.
synergies with cohesion policy
Synergies with Cohesion policy
  • Clear division of labour:
    • Horizon 2020 = excellence through open, EU wide competitions
    • Cohesion policy = building regional research and innovation capacity
  • Horizon 2020:
    • Simplification to ensure equal access for all
    • Targeted measures for less developed regions to improve policy learning, support international networking, and attract talent
  • Cohesion Policy:
    • Research and innovation as an investment priority
    • R&I operational programmes conditional on smart specialisation strategy
    • Inter-regional cooperation to includes cooperation between clusters, researchers and research institutions, based on FP7 ‘Regions of Knowledge’ and ‘Research potential’
synergies with the competitiveness and sme programme cosme
Synergies with the Competitiveness and SME programme (COSME)
  • Horizon 2020 and COSME are complementary programmes to generate growth and jobs:
    • Horizon 2020 = innovation driven growth
    • COSME = support to create favourable business environment and competitiveness
  • Which will be closely coordinated, e.g:
    • Financial instruments (debt and equity): clear criteria to decide which programme provides EU contribution
    • SME support: Enterprise Europe Network under COSME, to act as ‘one stop shop’ for EU funding


A Single Programme for Education, Training, Youth and Sport (2014-2020)

the context and rationale of the mff 2014 2020
The context and rationale of the MFF2014-2020
  • Concentration of efforts on Europe 2020: objectives and strategic priorities
  • Focus on EU added value: pooling of resources; from a culture of entitlement to a culture of results, incentives, partnerships and evaluation of impact
  • Simplification: streamlined legal basis and programmes, simpler rules and innovative financing sources to enhance the leverage of the EU budget
the context and rationale of erasmus for all
The context and rationale of Erasmus for All
  • Key role:to enhance the contribution of education and human capital to sustainable growth. Hence the rationale:

► Concentration of efforts on the education aspects of Europe 2020 through the policy frameworks of ET2020 and the Youth strategy, and through policy development;

► Focus on EU added value through mobility, cooperation and policy reform to promote the modernisation of education systems at all levels and address skills shortages and mismatches;

► Simplification via streamlining of legal bases into a single programme, simpler rules and innovative funding sources.



higher education


Erasmus Mundus,


Alfa, Edulink, Bilateral









Youth in Action


A Streamlined architecture

Existing programmes

A single integrated programme

Erasmus for All










  • Specific activities:
  • Jean Monnet
  • Sport

3 Key actions

Key action 1:

Learning mobility of individuals

Key action 2:

Co-operation for innovation

and good practices

Key action 3:

Support for policy reform

learning mobility
Learning Mobility
  • Modernising education through chances to learn abroad:

►Students: higher education and vocational training

►Masters students: a new loan guarantee mechanism

►Youth: international volunteering and youth exchanges

►Staff: teachers, trainers, school leaders and youth workers

►International dimension: mobility for EU and non-EU beneficiaries

erasmus master loan guarantee scheme

Erasmus Master- Loan Guarantee scheme


No support for degree mobility at master level

National grants/loans often not portable

More inclusive access to mobility

Leverage effect of EU budget


Managed by the European Investment Fund (EIF)


Students who wish to study a full Masters degree in another participating country

Average of 47.000 loans a year


EU Budget provides part guarantee against non-repayment – technicalities dealt within the debt platform and in cooperation with EIF, ECFIN and BUDG

In return, banks/student loan agencies must agree to offer favourable terms (interest rates, repayment terms, grace periods etc.)

cooperation for innovation
Cooperation for innovation
  • Modernising education through cooperation:

► Partnerships between education institutions, youth organisations, training institutions and other actors

► Large-scale cooperation between education and business: ‘Knowledge Alliances’ and ‘sector Skills Alliances’

► Connecting students and staff via web platforms

► Helping modernisation of universities in third countries

support for policy reform
Support for policy reform
  • Modernising education through policy support:

► Evidence based support for effective education investment

► Development and promotion of EU wide tools to assess and recognise skills

► Peer learning and cross-fertilization between education systems

international dimension
International Dimension

Objective (MMF Communication): incorporate all existing international programmes (Erasmus Mundus, Tempus, Alfa, and Edulink) to: (1) put an end to the current fragmentation; (2) enhance the global visibility and impact and (3) increase efficiency.

1. International opening of Erasmus: more mobility

of students and staff between EU – non EU in both


2. Joint Master courses of high quality offered by

consortium of EU/non EU universities to attract the

very best students worldwide

3. Specific support with neighbourhood countries:

More cooperation between universities for capacity building and

more student and staff mobility, in line with development


  • Rest of the world: More cooperation between universities

in the EU and rest of the world for capacity building, in line with

development objectives

jean monnet
Jean Monnet
  • Erasmus for all will Include support for teaching and research on European integration via Jean Monnet activities
  • We maintain the Institutional support for College of Europe (Bruges and Natolin) and the European Institute of Florence
  • We open a competitive support to other institutions based on excellence and added value
  • The Jean Monnet Chair continues to be a key component
  • We propose the creation of the Jean Monnet Label of Excellence
  • Focus on grassroots sport activities (not the top professional level)
  • Tackle transnational threats to sport (amateur doping, match-fixing, violence, racism, intolerance)
  • Develop European Cooperation in sport (improving good governance, promoting dual careers for athletes
  • Social inclusion in sport and health enhancement
  • Erasmus for all will Support the European dimension of Sport



Indicative allocations expressed in percentage:

  • 25 % for higher education;
  • 17 % for vocational education and training and adult learning (of which 2 % for adult learning);
  • 7 % for schools;
  • 7 % for youth
budget implementation architecture
Budget implementation architecture
  • Management by National Agencies: 12,7 billion € (65%)
    • Learning mobility of individuals (excluding joint/double degree) also for the international dimension
    • Cooperation for innovation and good practices: Strategic partnerships between education institutions or between youth organisations and/or relevant actors
  • Centralised management by Executive Agency : 6,8 billion € (35%)
  • Learning mobility of HE students in joint/double degree
  • Cooperation for innovation and good practices: Knowledge alliances, Sector Skills alliances, Capacity building in third countries, IT support platforms
  • Support to policy reform: Support to open method of coordination, EU transparency tools, Policy dialogue

Centralised management by EC : Residual

management system

EC sets management rules

MS designates National Agency

MS issues ex-ante declaration of assurance on National Agency

MS delivers yearly declaration of assurance on National Agency compliance and accounts

MS in charge of audits and control of National Agency

Good results but heavy and continuous workload on MS

Difficult match with timing requirements for Annual Activity Report


EC sets management rules

MS designates National Agency and independent audit body

MS issues ex-ante compliance assurance on National Agency

National Agency provides yearly management declaration of assurance with independent audit report

MS supervises national system and informs EC

High assurance level kept, but with less burden for MS

In tune with timing requirements for Annual Activity Report

Management system
estimated output figures
Estimated output figures
  • Up to 5 millionpeople overall will benefit from mobility opportunities during 2014-2020 (versus 2.8 million in 2007-2013) ;
  • Over 2 200 000 higher education students and730 000 vocational students will spend a part of their education abroad, including about 700 000 traineeships in companies ;
  • Nearly 1 millionteachers, trainers, education staff and youth workers will acquire new teaching and learning methods abroad ;
  • 330 000 Master students will benefit from the new loan guarantee scheme ;
  • 540 000 young people will be given the opportunity to volunteer or participate in youth exchanges ;
  • 34 000 joint degree students (between EU and non-EU universities) ;
  • Over 20 000 Strategic Partnerships involving 115 000 institutions / organisations ;
  • 400 Knowledge and Sector skills Alliances involving 4000 education institutions.