Waltz’s Neorealism. N E O R E A L I S M, S T R U C T U R A L T H E O R I E S. Russia. Balance of Power as a Reaction to a Threat: Napoleon, 1802-1815. Major Powers: FRA , UK, RUS , PRUS , AUS. After French Revolution (1789), Napoleon Bonaparte rises to power. -- Consul (1802)
Balance of Power as a Reaction to a Threat:
Major Powers: FRA, UK, RUS, PRUS, AUS
After French Revolution (1789), Napoleon Bonaparte rises to power.
-- Consul (1802)
-- Emperor of France (1804)
Continues military campaigns to build empire and feed war machine.
-- Poses major threat to Europe
UK, RUS, PRUS, AUS form “coalitions” against FRA
-- Napoleon defeated (1814)
-- Congress of Vienna (1814)
-- Napoleon returns (1815)
-- Waterloo (1815)
BoP as a Peaceful Equilibrium: Concert of Europe, 1815-1848
After Napoleonic Wars, Congress of Vienna continues (1815)
Defeated France let back into “club”
Quadruple Alliance: Austria, Britain, Prussia, Russia
Congresses held to attempt to resolve issues.
Buffer states/territory traded.
Concert of Europe
loose, shifting alliances, Britain as balancer
four or five Great Powers
Cold War—or “Long Peace”
(two Great Powers, tight blocs)
Balance of Power