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Practical Intellectual Property. Practical Intellectual Property. Thanks to conversations with: HU Office of General Counsel John Gloster Dan McCabe University of Kentucky Intellectual Property Development Office. Practical Intellectual Property. The Intellectual Property Committee (IPC)

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practical intellectual property1
Practical Intellectual Property
  • Thanks to conversations with:
    • HU Office of General Counsel
      • John Gloster
      • Dan McCabe
    • University of Kentucky Intellectual Property Development Office

F. B. Bramwell

practical intellectual property2
Practical Intellectual Property
  • The Intellectual Property Committee (IPC)
  • Office of the General Counsel
  • Tremonti Consulting (Marketing and Valuation)
  • Fitch Even Tabin & Flannery (Outside Counsel)
  • Office of Sponsored Programs
  • Office of the Provost; Office of the Senior Vice President for Health Sciences; Office of the Executive Vice President and Chief Operating Officer

F. B. Bramwell

what is intellectual property
What is intellectual property?
  • Intellectual property is the "tangible or intangible results of research, development, teaching, or other intellectual activity."
    • In other words, IP is any innovation or discovery conceived or developed by faculty, staff or students using University resources.
    • "Use of University resources" is broad and includes all use of employee or student time, equipment, supplies or facilities and clinical practice.
    • Even when no physical facilities have been used, an idea arising from your work is IP covered by this policy.

F. B. Bramwell

who owns the ip w hat is the bayh dole act
Who owns the IP?What is the Bayh-Dole Act?
  • The University has the right to own all IP as defined in the first slide.
    • The 1980 Bayh-Dole Act gives universities the right to retain ownership of IP resulting from federally funded research.
    • This right of ownership allows HU to protect your rights to use the IP and to continue to build on your research. HU safeguards not only your rights as the originator but also safeguards the IP as the University works to bring the IP into public use.

F. B. Bramwell

traditional scholarly works
Traditional Scholarly Works
  • The University does not claim any ownership rights in the area known as "traditional products of scholarly activity."
    • These work products, developed at the author's initiative, include journal articles, textbooks, reviews, works of art including musical compositions and traditional course materials.
    • The University considers these items the unrestricted property of the author or originator.

F. B. Bramwell

what do you do if you have an idea
What do you do if you have an idea?
  • The Intellectual Property Committee is a standing committee composed of faculty and administrators with a wide range of technical expertise.
  • The IPC decides if HU has a legal ownership interest in a property and makes an initial determination of who the inventors are and if all work was conducted at HU.
  • The IPC also determines if HU should pursue appropriate protection and if there is potential for commercialization.

F. B. Bramwell

what happens after you disclose to the ipc
What happens after you disclose to the IPC?
  • Once the IPC has completed its review, HU engages in a commercial assessment of the IP through Tremonti, LLC.
  • Due to the time and substantial expense associated with patent prosecution, HU will take into account the coverage possible along with the commercial market in deciding whether or not to pursue patent prosecution.
  • As a result of the review, not all IP will be patented. If the University does not pursue a patent and the research leading to the IP was not federally funded, the IP will be released to the faculty, staff or student inventor.
  • If the research was federally funded, HU OGC will work with the originator(s) to have the rights transferred to them by the federal agency that funded the research. If the research was industry sponsored, generally the industrial sponsor has the right of first refusal.

F. B. Bramwell

who is the inventor
Who is the inventor?
  • An inventor is one who conceives either in whole or in part the invention. An invention may have one or more inventors, and each inventor must be listed in the patent application.
  • It is a question of law whether or not an individual is an inventor. Inventorship is strictly based on identifiable contributions to the patentable elements of an invention.
  • Even someone who actively participated in a research project that resulted in an invention might not be a co-inventor for patent purposes.

F. B. Bramwell

what is a publication
What is a publication?
  • To be on the safe side, consider most forms of communication – written, verbal or electronic – with any person outside the University to be a publication.
  • Articles, abstracts (which may appear months before the article), electronic postings, student theses, poster presentations, PowerPoint presentations, grant proposals and any other uncontrolled dissemination of the information should be considered a publication.

F. B. Bramwell

what is a laboratory notebook
What is a laboratory notebook?
  • A laboratory notebook is an important tool that provides a detailed record of a research project. The notebook is used for research management and can have important implications for issues ranging from intellectual property management to fraud prevention.
  • A laboratory notebook should be a hardbound book with numbered pages in which no pages have been deleted or added. The cover should have the project name and the start and finish dates for the project.
  • Entries in the notebook should be in ink and deletions should be done with a single line through the deleted material. It is good practice to sign and date the notebook on a daily basis and have someone familiar with the research, but not involved with the research, sign and date the notebook weekly. Electronic lab notebooks may be possible but must meet all requirements for the traditional notebook, and must ensure that it cannot be altered.

F. B. Bramwell

how can you publish and protect your ability to patent
How can you publish and protect your ability to patent?
  • In a university setting, the desire to publish new results (in forums including posters, grants, presentations, abstracts, and electronic media) can limit or negate patent protection.
  • Under United States law, a patent application must be filed within one year of the date of any "publication" that effectively describes the invention.
  • Most foreign countries require that a patent application be filed before the date of any publication (unless a U.S. patent application has already been filed).

F. B. Bramwell

how do you benefit from a patent
How do you benefit from a patent?
  • The University licenses its intellectual property to business and industry and University start-up companies. Licensing can happen at the same time as patenting—HU does not need an issued patent to license its IP. Often HU inventors will license their own IP and develop it in a startup company.
  • If HU receives royalties from licensing, those royalties are shared (after patent costs are recovered) with the inventor (50%). The remaining funds are reinvested in the commercial development of university-based technologies and businesses. A patent may also attract interest from industry or other collaborations leading to additional research funding.

F. B. Bramwell

when do you use a cda and an mta
When do you use a CDA and an MTA?
  • If you will be collaborating with industry and others outside the University on a project, you should first contact the Office of General Counsel to determine if a confidential disclosure agreement (CDA) should be instituted.
  • The OGC also negotiates material transfer agreements (MTA). You are required to contact the OGC before any tangible research material (chemical or biological) leaves the University.
  • In addition, the OGC reviews MTAs for incoming materials. Both MTAs and CDAs provide additional protection for you and HU.

F. B. Bramwell

what about working as a student
What about working as a student?
  • It is important to understand the role of the student in a lab. It is possible that the student may be named as a co-inventor of the intellectual property.
  • Note that the university will not accept a sponsored research agreement that does not allow the freedom to publish results. This would interfere with a student completing his or her degree requirement that the thesis or dissertation be placed in the library, in effect “publishing” it.

F. B. Bramwell