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Geneva, 3 November 2010
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  1. LES REGLES DE ROTTERDAM ET LA CONVENTION CMR: QUELLES EN SONT LES IMPLICATIONS POUR LES TRANSPORTEURS ROUTIERS ?THE ROTTERDAM RULES AND THE CMR CONVENTION:WHAT ARE THE IMPLICATIONS FORROAD TRANSPORT OPERATORS? Geneva, 3 November 2010 Waldemar CzapskiLawyer (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010 (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  2. CHAMP D’APPLICATION DES RRSCOPE OF APPLICATION OF THE RR Jakarta – London: Application des RR Application of the RR London – Newcastle: Application des RR Application of the RR JAKARTA – LONDON – NEWCASTLE (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  3. CHAMP D’APPLICATION DES RRSCOPE OF APPLICATION OF THE RR Jakarta – Rotterdam: Application des RR Application of the RR Rotterdam – Frankfurt: JAKARTA – ROTTERDAM – FRANKFURT Application partielle de la CMR (perte, avarie, retard) et application partielle des RR (autres questions) Partial application of the CMR (loss, damage, delay) and partial application of the RR (other questions) (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  4. CHAMP D’APPLICATION DES RRSCOPE OF APPLICATION OF THE RR JAKARTA – KØBENHAVN : Application des RR // Application of the RR KØBENHAVN (ferries) – MALMÖ – LUND: Application de la CMR // Application of the CMR JAKARTA – KØBENHAVN – MALMÖ – LUND (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  5. CHAMP D’APPLICATION DES RRSCOPE OF APPLICATION OF THE RR JAKARTA – KØBENHAVN : Application des RR // Application of the RR KØBENHAVN (Øresundsbron) – MALMÖ – LUND: JAKARTA – KØBENHAVN – MALMÖ – LUND Application partielle de la CMR (perte, avarie, retard) et application partielle des RR (autres questions) Partial application of the CMR (loss, damage, delay) and partial application of the RR (other questions) (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  6. CHAMP D’APPLICATION DES RRSCOPE OF APPLICATION OF THE RR Jakarta – Le Havre: Application des RR // Application of the RR Le Havre – (Eurotunnel)- Newcastle: JAKARTA – LE HAVRE – (Eurotunnel) - NEWCASTLE Application partielle de la CMR (perte, avarie, retard) et application partielle des RR (autres questions) Partial application of the CMR (loss, damage, delay) and partial application of the RR (other questions) (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  7. CHAMP D’APPLICATION DES RRSCOPE OF APPLICATION OF THE RR Les RR s’appliquent aux relations entre le transporteur multimodal et le chargeur Les RR ne s’appliquent pas aux relations entre le transporteur multimodal et le camionneur The RR apply to the relationship between the multimodal carrier and the shipper The RR do not apply to the relationship between the multimodal carrier and the road haulier (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  8. CHAMP D’APPLICATION DES RRSCOPE OF APPLICATION OF THE RR 1/ CMR : Chapitre VI Dispositions relatives au transport effectué par des transporteurs successifs CMR: Chapter VI Provisions relating to carriage performed by successive carriers 2/RR :Pas de dispositions similaires RR: No similar provisions (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  9. LES RR ET LA CMRTHE RR AND THE CMR • Transporteur multimodal – Chargeur • Jakarta – Rotterdam – Francfort : application des RR • Transporteur multimodal – Camionneur • Rotterdam – Francfort : application de la CMR • 1. Multimodal carrier - Shipper Jakarta – Rotterdam – Frankfurt:application of the RR 2. Multimodal carrier – Road Haulier Rotterdam – Frankfurt:application of the CMR (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  10. LES RR ET LA CMRTHE RR AND THE CMR • Délai pour agir selon les RR = 2 ans • Délai pour agir selon la CMR = 1 an • Le transporteur multimodal a tout intérêt à baser son contrat avec le camionneur sur les RR • Time for suit according to the RR = 2 years • Time for suit according to the CMR = 1 year • The multimodal carrier may use the provisions of the RR to establish the contract with the haulier (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  11. ACCEPTATION DES RR PAR LES CAMIONNEURSAPPROVAL OF THE RR BY ROAD HAULIERS Les camionneurs forts économiquement peuvent rejeter les contrats basés sur les RR Les camionneurs faibles économiquement peuvent accepter les contrats basés sur les RR Economically strong road hauliers can reject contracts based on the RR Economically weak road hauliers can accept contracts based on the RR (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  12. APPLICATION DES RR EN VERTU DU CONTRAT PRIVEAPPLICATION OF THE RR FOR THE PRIVATE CONTRACT JAKARTA –LONDON – NEWCASTLE Application des RR aux transports nationaux Contrat : Transporteur multimodal – Chargeur : OUI Contrat: Transporteur multimodal – Camionneur : OUI, si la législation nationale ne s’y oppose pas Application of the RR to domestic transports Contract: Multimodal carrier – Shipper : YES Contract: Multimodal carrier – Road haulier :YES, if national legislation does not oppose it (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  13. APPLICATION DES RR EN VERTU DU CONTRAT PRIVEAPPLICATION OF THE RR FOR THE PRIVATE CONTRACT JAKARTA– HAMBURG – PRAHA Hamburg – Praha : Le tribunal allemand ou tchèque appliquera la CMR si l’Allemagne et la République tchèque n’ont pas adhéré aux RR En outre, il appliquera l’article 7.3 de la CMR si le contrat ne contient pas la mention selon laquelle le transport est soumis à la CMR The German or Czech Court will apply the CMR if Germany and the Czech Republic do not adhere to the RR Moreover, it will apply Article 7.3 of the CMR if the contract does not state that the carriage is subject to the provisions of the CMR (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  14. APPLICATION DES RR EN VERTU DU CONTRAT PRIVEAPPLICATION OF THE RR FOR THE PRIVATE CONTRACT JAKARTA –HAMBURG – PRAHA Hamburg – Praha : L’Indonésie a adhéré aux RR Le tribunal indonésien appliquera partiellement la CMR (perte, avarie, retard) et partiellement les RR (autres questions) Indonesia has adhered to the RR The Indonesian Court will partially apply the CMR (loss, damage, delay) and partially the RR (other questions) (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  15. APPLICATION DES RR EN VERTU DU CONTRAT PRIVEAPPLICATION OF THE RR FOR THE PRIVATE CONTRACT JAKARTA –HAMBURG – PRAHA Hamburg – Praha L’Indonésie et l’Allemagne ont adhéré aux RR Le tribunal indonésien appliquera les RR Le tribunal allemand appliquera-t-il les RR ou la CMR ? Le tribunal tchèque appliquera exclusivement la CMR Indonesia and Germany have adhered to the RR The Indonesian Court will apply the RR Will the German Court apply the RR or the CMR? The Czech Court will exclusively apply the CMR (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  16. APPLICATION DES RR EN VERTU DU CONTRAT PRIVE APPLICATION OF THE RR FOR THE PRIVATE CONTRACT La plupart des camionneurs n’iront pas au tribunal et accepteront volontairement les réclamations basées sur les RR. The majority of road hauliers will not go to court and will voluntarily accept claims based on the RR. (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  17. APPLICATION DES RR EN VERTU DU CONTRAT PRIVEAPPLICATION OF THE RR FOR THE PRIVATE CONTRACT Les RR et la CMR définissent différemment une perte, une avarie et un retard. The RR and the CMR differently define any loss, damage and delay. (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  18. APPLICATION DES RR EN VERTU DU CONTRAT PRIVEAPPLICATION OF THE RR FOR THE PRIVATE CONTRACT RETARD CMR : en cas de retard, l’indemnité pour le préjudice ne peut pas dépasser le prix du transport RR : en cas de retard, l’indemnité pour le préjudice ne peut pas dépasser deux fois et demi le prix du transport DELAY CMR: in the case of delay, the compensation for damages cannot exceed the transportation costs RR: in the case of delay, the compensation for damages cannot exceed two and half times the transportation costs (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  19. APPLICATION DES RR EN VERTU DU CONTRAT PRIVEAPPLICATION OF THE RR FOR THE PRIVATE CONTRACT DELAI POUR AGIR CMR : 1 année à partir du jour de la livraison RR : 2 ans à partir du jour de la livraison TIME FOR SUIT CMR : 1 year starting from the date of delivery RR: 2 years starting from the date of delivery (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  20. APPLICATION DES RR EN VERTU DU CONTRAT PRIVEAPPLICATION OF THE RR FOR THE PRIVATE CONTRACT COMPETENCE CMR : tribunal d’un pays ayant adhéré à la CMR RR : tribunal d’un pays ayant adhéré ou non à la CMR JURISDICTION CMR: the court of a country adhering to the CMR RR: the court of a country adhering or not to the CMR (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  21. DOCUMENT DE TRANSPORTTRANSPORT DOCUMENT RR : document électronique = document papier pas de modèle de document de transport Union européenne : document de transport unique RR : electronic document = paper document no model of transport document European Union : single transport document (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  22. Document de transportTransport document (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  23. (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  24. (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  25. SANCTIONS EN CAS D’ABSENCE DE LA CMR PAPIERSANCTIONS IN CASE THE PAPER VERSION OF CMR MISSING Allemagne / Germany =88 € Pays-Bas / Netherlands = 125 € Espagne / Spain= 1500 € France / France = 1500 € Belgique / Belgium = 10.000 € (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  26. AUTOROUTE DE LA MERMOTORWAYS OF THE SEA Le transport pouvant entièrement être effectué par route peut être remplacé par : Route – RO-RO (Mer) – Route, si l’expéditeur est d’accord A transport which can be carried out entirely by road can be replaced by: Road – RO-RO (Sea) – Road, if the sender so agrees (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  27. AUTOROUTE DE LA MERMOTORWAYS OF THE SEA LIMITES DE RESPONSABILITE PAR KILOGRAMME CMR = 8,33 DTS par kilogramme La Haye-Visby = 2 DTS par kilogramme RR = 3 DTS par kilogramme LIMITS OF LIABILITY PER KILOGRAM CMR = 8,33 SDR per kilogram The Hague-Visby = 2 SDR per kilogram RR = 3 SDR per kilogram (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  28. AUTOROUTE DE LA MERMOTORWAYS OF THE SEA LIMITES DE RESPONSABILITE PAR COLIS = 875 DTS (RR) 1000 colis x 875 DTS = 875.000 DTS = 1.060.000 € LIMITS OF LIABILITY PER PACKAGE = 875 SDR (RR) 1000 packages x 875 SDR = 875.000 SDR =1.060.000 € (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  29. NORFOLKLINE GENERAL TERMS & CONDITIONS 8. Port to Port Shipment (a) Each vehicle (whether consisting of a single unit, articulated unit or a trailer or semitrailer) together with any container(s), flat(s), pallet(s), packages(s) or other equipment and together with their respective contents (if any) shall be deemed to be one package or unit for the purposes of Art. IV, para 5 (a) of the Hague Rules.  (b) The Carrier shall be entitled to limit its liability to 666,67 SDRs per package or unit, and Art. IV, para 5 (a) ofthe Hague Rules shall be read as though the words "2 SDRs per kg of gross weight of the Goods lost or damaged, whichever is the higher,"were deleted. (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  30. AUTOROUTE DE LA MERMOTORWAYS OF THE SEA n (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  31. AUTOROUTE DE LA MERMOTORWAYS OF THE SEA Article VI (La Haye – Visby ) = Article 81, b (RR) Article VI (The Hague – Visby) = Article 81, b (RR) (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  32. CMR = DROIT UNIFORME DE L’ATLANTIQUE AU PACIFIQUECMR = UNIFORM LAW FROM ATLANTIC TO PACIFIC (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  33. AUTOROUTE DE LA MERMOTORWAYS OF THE SEA COMMISSION ECONOMIQUE POUR L’EUROPE Rapprochement et harmonisation des régimes de responsabilité civile dans le transport intermodal ECONOMIC COMMISSION FOR EUROPE Reconciliation and harmonisation of civil liability regimes in intermodal transport (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010

  34. www.iru.org Page 34 (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010 (c) International Road Transport Union (IRU) 2010