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Geography Terms. Page 3. What is Geography?. Geography is:. The social science that deals with the earth’s environment and the human impact on it. 1. Physical Geography. -refers to the natural features found on the earth’s surface. 2. Cultural Geography.

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geography is
Geography is:
  • The social science that deals with the earth’s environment and the human impact on it.
1 physical geography
1. Physical Geography

-refers to the natural features found on the earth’s surface

2 cultural geography
2. Cultural Geography

-refers to people’s impact on the earth’s surface or how people have changed the physical environment

slide8
How do these people know where they are going?What do these people use to get to where they want to go?
  • Pilot
  • Ship’s Captain
  • Safari Guide
  • Driver in a new area
who said north must be up
Who Said North Must be UP?

Here is new way to look at the world.

lines of latitude
Lines of Latitude
  • Parallels
  • Imaginary lines running east to west around the globe, and used to measure distance north and south of the equator
lines of longitude
Lines of Longitude
  • Meridians
  • Imaginary lines running from pole to pole, and are used to measure distance east to west
tropics
Tropics
  • Area of the globe between the Tropic of Cancer (23 ½ * N) and the Tropic of Capricorn (23 ½ * S)
  • Area of the globe that receives the most direct sunlight
slide13
Absolute Location

-an exact position on the earth’s surface

-ex.- 23* N and 120* W

Relative Location

-an approximate location in relation to a place

-ex.- I live next to Rita’s Water Ice in Lansdale

earth in relation to the sun
Earth in Relation to the Sun
  • The earth moves in two ways:
  • It rotates
  • It revolves
rotation
Rotation
  • The turning of the earth on its axis which takes _______?
  • 24 hours
revolution
Revolution
  • The earth’s yearly trip around the sun, which takes _______?
  • 365 ¼ days
slide17
Seasons- periods of the year with different climatic conditions
  • Summer, winter, spring and fall
  • Why do different areas of the globe have different seasons?
special times of the year
Special Times of the Year
  • Solstice-one of two days of the year when the sun’s rays strike directly on the:
  • Trop. of Cancer-June 21, marks the first day of summer in the northern hemisphere and first day of winter in the southern hemisphere, 24 hrs of light at North Pole, 24 hrs darkness at South Pole
  • Trop. Of Capricorn-December 21, marks the first day of summer in the southern hemisphere and first day of winter in the northern hemisphere, 24 hrs of light at South Pole, 24 hrs darkness at North Pole
special times of the year1
Special Times of the Year

Summer Solstice

Winter Solstice

special times of the year2
Special Times of the Year
  • Equinox- one of two days in which the sun’s rays are directly over the Equator
  • March 21 and September 23
  • These days are the start of _______ and _______ for the northern hemisphere.
  • Autumn and Spring