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Promoting Oral Health in Child Care. CCHC Lexington March 2011. Tooth decay, also known as dental caries, is the most common infectious disease of childhood It can interfere with eating, sleeping, speaking, learning, playing, & school readiness. Tooth decay is a disease.

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promoting oral health in child care

Promoting Oral Health in Child Care

CCHC Lexington

March 2011

tooth decay is a disease

Tooth decay, also known as dental caries, is the most common infectious disease of childhood

  • It can interfere with eating, sleeping, speaking, learning, playing, & school readiness
Tooth decay is a disease
severe complications of decay

Tooth decay, if left untreated, can demineralize the tooth to the pulp and cause an abscess, which can be life threatening

Severe complications of decay
teething

Caregivers should be cautioned about the use of teething products that contain the numbing agent, Belladonna

Teething
baby teeth are important

Baby teeth are essential for

    • Good nutrition
    • Language development
    • Self esteem
  • Baby teeth act as placeholders for adult teeth
Baby teeth are important
baby bottle tooth decay

Do not let a child fall asleep with a bottle of milk, formula, juice

  • Only put children to sleep with bottles containing water
Baby bottle tooth decay
what care is appropriate

Infants

    • Wipe gums gently after feeding using a clean, wet cloth or strip of gauze
    • Brush baby teeth ~ 6 months, after first eruption, with a soft-bristled toothbrush
What care is appropriate?
what care is appropriate1

Toddlers and preschoolers

    • Brush teeth with a soft, child-sized toothbrush
    • Use a pea-sized amount of fluoridated toothpaste
    • Wipe off excess toothpaste until the child is old enough to rinse independently
    • Children can start the brushing but need an adult’s help to do it thoroughly
    • Supervising adults should wash their hands after assisting each child
What care is appropriate?
what care is appropriate3

School-age children

    • Allow children to brush their own teeth with supervision
    • The supervising adult may need to finish the job for some children, ensuring that all tooth surfaces are reached
    • Children need supervision and may need help with brushing until they are at least 8 years old
What care is appropriate?
what equipment is needed

Each child will need a toothbrush labeled with his or her name

  • Use a rack for storage where toothbrushes can be suspended with space between so brushes do not contact each other
What equipment is needed?
toothbrushing technique

Angle bristles toward the gum margin

  • Use light pressure with a circular motion
  • Biting surfaces also need to be brushed
Toothbrushing Technique
importance of water fluoride

Drinking tap water allows for fluoride to become systemic and protect the whole tooth

  • Have children rinse with water after meals and snacks
Importance of water: Fluoride
make oral health a daily routine

Oral care can easily be incorporated into a program’s daily routine

  • To emphasize that oral care is an important habit, schedule toothbrushing at the same time each day
  • Rinse teeth with water after eating
Make oral health a daily routine
steps to oral health

Serve tooth-friendly snacks: cheese, yogurt, fruits, vegetables

  • Avoid soda, sweetened drinks, sweet treats
  • Dilute juices with water
  • If children eat sweet, sticky foods, brush or rinse with water afterwards
  • Educate families that children need regular dental checkups
Steps to oral health
information provided by

KIDS SMILE

Oral Health Training Program

Department for Public Health

Cabinet for Health Services

Commonwealth of Kentucky

Frankfort KY 40621-0001

Division of Dental Public Health

College of Dentistry

University of Kentucky

Lexington, KY 40536-0297

California Childcare Health Program

Information provided by

http://www.ucsfchildcarehealth.org/pdfs/Curricula/oral%20health_11_v8.pdf