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Prof. A. S. Sambo
Energy Commission of Nigeria,
*A Presentation made at the Low Carbon Energy for Development Network (LCEDN) conference,
Loughborough, United Kingdom, 4th and 5th April 2012.
2. Energy Resources in Nigeria
3. Energy Supply and Demand
4. Low Carbon Opportunities
NIGERIA(3rd from left)
Graphical representation of the relationship between Energy and the Economy (2005) – IEA(2007)
a) Fossil Energy Resources
Source: CBN (2009)
b) Renewables and Nuclear
Source: REMP (2005)
* FM EMV
a) Energy Supply
Source: CBN (2006, 2008)
*Africa Average-IEA (2007)
**World Average-IEA (2007)
b) Projected Electricity Demand for Nigeria (MW)
(Based on MAED from IAEA)
Source: Energy Commission of Nigeria (2009)
c) Projected Petroleum Products Demand (Million Litres)
Source: Energy Commission of Nigeria (2009)
Summary of Renewable Energy Targets
Electricity Projection in MW @13% GDP Growth Rate.
Nigeria with a hydropower potential of about 15,000MW has about 2000MW only exploited. A large unexploited potential therefore exists that needs to be developed fully. This is an option that needs to be pursued with all urgency and vigour
Penstock bifurcation into the 150 kW power house at Waya Dam, Bauchi State
4. LOW CARBON OPPORTUNITIES. ...Cont’d
b) Solar Energy:
Solar energy has the greatest potential to contribute enormous amount of low carbon energy in Nigeria through solar PV and solar thermal process. About 15MW of solar PV systems, are dispersedly installed in the country, for street lights, water pumping for drinking and sanitation, lighting and communication etc.
Solar PV System
Solar Water Heater developed by NCERD Dam, Bauchi State
Pilot Water Heater at UDUTH by SERC, Sokoto4. LOW CARBON OPPORTUNITIES...Cont’d
Solar Water Heater
c) Wind Energy
Nigeria’s wind reforms 2-4m/s at 10m height is considered low for wind farm electricity generation using conventional wind generations. However, there may be localized areas with greater wind speeds, where reasonable electricity could be generated there from.
One of the 37 No 275kW Wind to Electricity Machines for the 10 MW Katsina Wind Farm
5kW aero generator in Sayya Gidan Gada, Sokoto State
Biogas Digester Pilot Plant at NCERD, UNN, Nsukka Dam, Bauchi State
Dome Type Biogas Pilot Plant at Danjawa Village, Wamakko LG, Sokoto State4. LOW CARBON OPPORTUNITIES...Cont’d
- Power generation from rice husk
- Biogas generation for heating & power generation
- Municipal waste-to-power
- Biofuels (ethanol &biodiesel) from Sugarcane, Jatropha &
Lignocellulolistic feedstocks – use of E10 & B20 approved
- Fuelwood lots development
e) Nuclear Energy:
A 1000MWe PWR nuclear power plant is being planned to come on stream by 2020. A Nigerian atomic Energy commission and Nigerian Nuclear Regulatory Authority are in place for the programme.
g) Energy Demand Management Option: Energy Efficiency & Conservation
▪ Use of energy audit to identify and rectify areas of energy wastage
▪ Labeling of appliances according to efficiency levels
▪ Use of efficient energy appliances like CFLs, LEDs, improved woodstove, efficient refrigerators and air-conditioners, electric motors etc.
▪ Use of combine cycle power plants to improve overall power efficiency (integrated solar combine cycle (ISCC) & (IGCC)
4. LOW CARBON OPPORTUNITIES...Cont’d Dam, Bauchi State
ENERGY COMMISSION OF NIGERIA’S PILOT PROJECTS ON RENEWABLE ENERGY (2005 – 2011)
Relating higher initial investment
Inadequate legal instrument for low carbon energy development
Inadequate human and manufacturing capacity for low carbon energy systems’ development
Inadequate Incentives for the low carbon energy sub-sector (FIT, fiscal & financial)
Inconsistency in Government policies
Nigeria requires huge amount of energy to get its economy in the path of prosperity. The energy supply must, however, be done in a manner that allows for sustainable development.
Low carbon energy systems from solar, wind, hydro, biomass, nuclear and natural gas as well as the use of efficient power cycles and energy systems would allow for sustainable development in the long term.
However, appropriate legal instruments are required.
THANK YOU Dam, Bauchi State