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ESPON 2.1.5: Territorial Impacts of European Fisheries Policy Second Interim Report Prepared for the Luxembourg Seminar 17-18 May 2005 Ove Langeland, Norwegian Institute for Urban and Regional research, (NIBR), Norway
Background and aim of project • The European fisheries policy (CFP) - sector policy with substantial implications for: • employment, cohesion and regional economic strength, particularly in some coastal regions and in fisheries dependent areas. • ESPON Project 2.1.5 – strengthen the knowledge of territorial, social and economic cohesion through an analysis of territorial impacts of the CFP.
Changes in the European Fisheries Policy (CFP) • Conservation of fish stocks • Restructuring of fishing and fish farming • Organisation of the market for fish and associated products • Agreements on fishing with third countries (European Commission 2004)
Territorial impact analysis • Work packages: • Impacts on employment, social cohesion and demography (WP3) • Impacts on regional economic strength (WP4) • Impacts on environment and coastal zone management (WP5) • Special focus on: • Disparities between regions within EU/EFTA and inside the different nations • Impacts within different types of coastal regions - identify regions most negatively and positively affected by changes in European fisheries policy. • Examine the possibility for doing intra regional/area analyses on different geographical levels - analyses related to ESPD perspectives as polycentric development and a balanced rural-urban development.
Methodological challenges and data availability • Time period of analysis: • Ex-ante: • Simulation of changes in policy interventions - models and assessment techniques • Evaluation - SWOT analysis or other qualitative techniques of planned financial support to the European fishery sector • Ex-post: • Analyse impacts of similar type of changes which are assumed to follow from CFP - fleet reduction, quotas etc • Geographical level of analysis: • Mapping: • ESPON-space – ESPON database • Example studies – selected national data sources and studies • Cause and effects: • Changes in CFP - only one of several external factors which may have territorial impacts on coastal regions and fishery dependent areas
Main typology of coastal regions • include every NUTS 3 regions within ESPON with a coastline, i.e. territories bordering an ocean • partly be based on previous ESPON territorial typologies • differentiate between typological elements and a main typology • take specific coastal issues into consideration • be both site (demography, business structure) and situation oriented (proximity) • to some extent be based on statistics at lower geographical levels than NUTS 3 or typological elements based on such geographical levels – which means that the typology should include internal diversity in each NUTS 3 regions as a criterion • include a criterion for functional regions within the territories (FUA) - possible for example studies in smaller geographical areas to be connected to a sub territorial geographical typological level within the NUTS 3 region • define typologies where the difference between regions within each type should be as small as possible, and difference between types as big as possible
Policy recommendation and further work • Policy recommendation: • Consider that CFP may produce different impacts in different regions, and in different types of regions • Counteract impacts of CFP which contradict aims of cohesion, territorially balanced development and polycentrism. • Consider territorial distribution of innovation in the fisheries • Further work: • Mapping and example studies – data collection • Methodological approach (TIA) • Other ESPON studies