Domestic Violence The Basics
How to Approach an Emergency call • A call of domestic violence in progress should always be considered a priority response • A domestic violence should be treated as a crime and not a domestic dispute • Seize weapons use in the incident • Always utilized at least two officers when separating the parties • Assess the situation of risk including children (DHSS 2008)
How to interview parties • Interview parties separately • The victim should be away from the line of sight and hearing of the perpetrator • Determine the fears of victim • Inform the victim of rights. • Provide victim information of legal remedies
Needed Information • Background information • Physical evidence including pictures and clothing • Statements from direct and indirect witnesses such as children and neighbors • Determine the aggressor
Laws • The victims should be informed about EPO or emergency protective orders. EPO prohibits the offender from coming with a certain distance • Temporary restraining order will prevent the offender coming near the victim for longer term than EPO.
Arrest • Arrest should be the prefered response • All arrests shall be made in conformity with the state law, agency policy and procedures. • Warrantless arrest can be undertaken in an ongoing domestic violence :
Types • Physical • Verbal • Sexual • Neglect
Physical Abuse • is any act that results to non-accidental physical injury and or unreasonable infliction of physical injury to a child (NCCN 2006)
Verbal Abuse • any act that causes the infliction of unreasonable punishment to the child through excessive verbal assault or non-verbal harassing acts (NCCN 2006).
Sexual Abuse • any act that involves a child in a sexual activity with an adult or any person older or bigger, in which he is used as a sexual object for gratification of the older person’s needs or desires (NCCN 2006).
Neglect • any act that leads to unreasonable deprivation of the child’s basic needs such as food, clothing, shelter, education, general care and supervision by parents or guardians (NCCN 2006).
Symptoms • Bruises • Going to school unwashed not properly dressed and hungry • Frequently absent and with injuries when present • Not doing well in school • Run away from home • Suffering from emotional disorder
A law enforcer may take a child into custody when: • The police officer has a court order commanding that the child be taken into custody; • The police officer has probable cause to believe that there is a court order that the child be taken into custody;
To take a child into custody • If the officer has reasons to believe that the child will be harmed if not remove from residence • If he has probable cause to believe that the child is a missing person (yourchild1st.com 2008)
Reference • DHHS (2008) DIVISION OF CHILD ABUSE AND DOMESTIC VIOLENCE SERVICESretrieved May 23, 2008 from http://chfs.ky.gov/NR/rdonlyres/54B7AF71-5428-4EC6-AE69-158BBFBF8031/0/ModelDomesticViolenceLawEnforcementPolicy.htm • NCCN (2006) Incident of Child Abuse statistics National Commission on child abuse and Neglect Washington Headquarters.
Yourchild1st.com (2008) Child abuse and neglect retrieved May 23, 2008 from http://www.yourchild1st.com/abuse_and_neglect.shtml