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Multiple Indicator Cluster Surveys Data Interpretation, Further Analysis and Dissemination Workshop. Child Development. Early Childhood development (ECD): Key Facts.

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multiple indicator cluster surveys data interpretation further analysis and dissemination workshop

Multiple Indicator Cluster SurveysData Interpretation, Further Analysis and Dissemination Workshop

Child Development

slide2

EarlyChildhood development (ECD): Key Facts

  • Early childhood, which spans the period to 8 years of age, is critical to a child’s cognitive, social, emotional and physical development.
  • Many challenges faced by adults, such as mental health issues, obesity, heart disease, criminality, and poor literacy and numeracy, can be traced back to early childhood.
  • Brain and biological development during the first years of life is highly influenced by an infant’s environment.
  • There are simple and effective ways for families and caregivers to ensure optimal child development
slide3

Conceptual framework for MICS4

Conceptual framework for ECD in MICS

  • Access to basic services

Core ECD domains

  • Attendance to Early Childhood Education
  • Home environment
  • Supportive factors:
  • Support for Learning
  • Learning Materials: Children’s Books and Playthings
  • Risk factors:
  • Inadequate care
  • Child development

Early Childhood Development Index

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Attendance to Early Childhood Education Programme

  • Definition: Number of children age 36-59 months who are attending an early childhood education programme / Total number of children age 36-59 months
  • Importance: improves child’s literacy and numeracy skills & social and emotional development & Enhances school-related achievements; allows women to enter the workforce; increases family & family and community cohesion; increases GDP and public revenues - opportunity to break the cycle of poverty
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Support for Learning

  • Three indicators: Support for learning among any adult and support for learning among fathers/mothers
  • Definitions:
  • - Number of children age 36-59 months with whom an adult/ father / mother has engaged in four or more activities to promote learning and school readiness in the past 3 days / Total number of children age 36-59 months
  • Importance: Positive stimulation influences child’s ability to acquire cognitive, emotional and social competencies and is associated with decreased behavioral problems later in life
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Learning Materials

  • Two indicators: availability of children's book and availability of playthings
  • Definitions:
  • - Number of children under age 5 who have three or more children’s books / Total number of children under age 5
  • - Number of children under age 5 who play with two or more types of playthings / Total number of children under age 5
  • Importance: strong association between availability of books and playthings and cognitive/socio-emotional development
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Inadequate care

  • Definition: Number of children under age 5 left alone or in the care of another child younger than 10 years of age for more than one hour at least once in the past week / Total number of children under age 5
  • Importance: Leaving a young child alone or with another young sibling is associated with:
    • Increased risk of harm and injury
    • Increased risk of abuse and neglect
    • Increased mortality
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Early Childhood Development Index (ECDI)

  • Definition: Number of children age 36-59 months who are developmentally on track in at least three of the following four domains: literacy-numeracy, physical, social-emotional, and learning
  • Importance: Provides a snapshot of (or a window into) the child’s developmental status at the time of measurement and can be used to measure outcomes of ECD, nutrition or health interventions
  • ECDI needs to be interpreted within the context of other variables available from MICS and other sources