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Chapter 9. Summary of First and Second Declension Noun-Adjective Agreement Present Imperative. Today’s Learning Targets. Thoroughly understand 1 st and 2 nd declensions and be able to explain what part of speech goes into each case.

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chapter 9

Chapter 9

Summary of First and Second Declension

Noun-Adjective Agreement

Present Imperative

today s learning targets
Today’s Learning Targets
  • Thoroughly understand 1st and 2nd declensions and be able to explain what part of speech goes into each case.
  • Learn what the IMPERATIVE form of the verb tells us and how to write and understand this form.
  • Be able to show an understanding of noun-adjective agreement by correctly declining noun adjective pairs.

On a half sheet of paper, write your name, then list some differences between 1st and 2nd declensions. Also list some similarities between the two declensions. (No more than 2 minutes!) Please share some of these.

1 st declension what part of speech goes in each case
1st DeclensionWhat part of speech goes in each case?

Nominative -a -ae

Genitive -ae -arum

Dative -ae -is

Accusative -am -as

Ablative -a -is

Can you sing the declension ending song (Camptown Races)?

2 nd declension
2nd Declension

Nominative-us -i

Genitive -i -orum

Dative -o -is

Accusative -um -os

Ablative -o -is

Can you sing this declension ending song?

noun adjective agreement say the adjective rule as a class
Noun-Adjective AgreementSay the ‘adjective rule’ as a class.

via bona viae bonae

viae bonae viarum bonarum

viae bonae viis bonis

viam bonam vias bonas

via bona viis bonis

look at this noun adjective pair is this correct why or why not
Look at this noun-adjective pair. Is this correct? Why or why not?

nauta bonus nautae boni

nautae boni nautarum bonorum

nautae bono nautis bonis

nautam bonum nautas bonos

nauta bono nautis bonis

The ending for the noun will come from the 1st declension chart and the adjective’s endings will come from the 2nd declension chart.

present imperative
Present Imperative

What does it mean when someone tells you, “It is imperative that you do this.”?

An imperative, then, would be a command or a direction. It is something you must do.

imperatives in latin
Imperatives in Latin

To give one person a command or direction, use the present stem form of the verb. This stem is formed from what principal part? How do you get the stem? (Note – to get the stem, you remove the –re ending from the 2nd principal part).

To give a command to 2 or more people, add

-te to the singular imperative.

be careful
Be Careful

REMEMBER – when something is IMPERATIVE, you must do it. It is a command (or direction). Stop and think about the meaning you know, to help avoid confusion with similar sounding words!

ticket out the door
Ticket Out the Door
  • On the back of your paper, decline this noun-adjective pair:

famous farmer

(Can someone tell us the Latin word for famous? For farmer? Does the word ‘farmer’ fit into our exception group? Be careful!)

  • Turn in as you head out the door.