Chapter 9. Summary of First and Second Declension Noun-Adjective Agreement Present Imperative. Today’s Learning Targets. Thoroughly understand 1 st and 2 nd declensions and be able to explain what part of speech goes into each case.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
Summary of First and Second Declension
On a half sheet of paper, write your name, then list some differences between 1st and 2nd declensions. Also list some similarities between the two declensions. (No more than 2 minutes!) Please share some of these.
Nominative -a -ae
Genitive -ae -arum
Dative -ae -is
Accusative -am -as
Ablative -a -is
Can you sing the declension ending song (Camptown Races)?
Genitive -i -orum
Dative -o -is
Accusative -um -os
Ablative -o -is
Can you sing this declension ending song?
via bona viae bonae
viae bonae viarum bonarum
viae bonae viis bonis
viam bonam vias bonas
via bona viis bonis
nauta bonus nautae boni
nautae boni nautarum bonorum
nautae bono nautis bonis
nautam bonum nautas bonos
nauta bono nautis bonis
The ending for the noun will come from the 1st declension chart and the adjective’s endings will come from the 2nd declension chart.
What does it mean when someone tells you, “It is imperative that you do this.”?
An imperative, then, would be a command or a direction. It is something you must do.
To give one person a command or direction, use the present stem form of the verb. This stem is formed from what principal part? How do you get the stem? (Note – to get the stem, you remove the –re ending from the 2nd principal part).
To give a command to 2 or more people, add
-te to the singular imperative.
REMEMBER – when something is IMPERATIVE, you must do it. It is a command (or direction). Stop and think about the meaning you know, to help avoid confusion with similar sounding words!
(Can someone tell us the Latin word for famous? For farmer? Does the word ‘farmer’ fit into our exception group? Be careful!)