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5 Combating famine― Is technology a panacea for food shortages?. 5.1 What is famine? Where do most famines occur?. (Credit: Bo Mathisen/International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies).

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Presentation Transcript
slide2

5.1 What is famine?

Where do most

famines occur?

slide3

(Credit: Bo Mathisen/International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies)

It shows that some countries are facing the problem of food shortages.

What is famine?

Animals are also died of hunger

People are suffering from hunger and malnutrition

A severely malnourished child in Niger

A starving child and his starving livestock

(Credit: Reuters/OTHK)

slide4

What is famine?

Famine refers to the situation in which many people die of severe food shortages.

However, famine occurs less frequently when compared with hunger and malnutrition.

Swelling of the abdomen is a common symptom in serious malnutrition

(Credit: Bo Mathisen/International Federation of Red Cross and Red Crescent Societies)

slide5

What is famine?

How serious is the problem of hunger and malnutrition?

_____ in seven people in the world are suffering from hunger and malnutrition.

One

slide6

Where does famine most likely to occur?

Which countries are less likely to suffer from food shortages?

Risk of food shortages by country

Source: FAO Statistical Yearbook 2004, Volume 1, the UNFAO

slide7

Where does famine most likely to occur?

Western European countries

Canada

The USA

Japan

Australia

Most of the ( less developed / industrialized ) countries have low risk of food shortages. They have a high level of economic development. They are usually rich and politically stable.

GNP per capita by country

Source: 2007 World Development Indicators, the World Bank

slide8

Where does famine most likely to occur?

Which countries are more likely to suffer from food shortages?

Risk of food shortages by country

Source: FAO Statistical Yearbook 2004, Volume 1, the UNFAO

slide9

Where does famine most likely to occur?

Mongolia

North Korea

Afghanistan

Central and southern African countries

Bangladesh

The countries with high risk of food shortages are mostly less developed countries. They have a very low GNP per capita. Nearly half of them are in central and southern Africa.

GNP per capita by country

Source: 2007 World Development Indicators, the World Bank

slide10

Why do some countries have a high risk of food shortages whereas others have a low risk?

Is the food production enough for feeding the world population?

World production and consumption of cereals (million tonnes)

Source: UNFAO

The food production is ( not enough / enough ) for feeding the world population.

slide11

Why do some countries have a high risk of food shortages whereas others have a low risk?

Why?

World production and consumption of cereals (million tonnes)

Source: UNFAO

In ( Sub-Saharan Africa / Japan ), the food consumption is greater than its food production.

Because Sub-Saharan Africa are poor and cannot afford to buy food from the world market.In fact, the world food supply is uneven.

There are food shortages in ( Sub-Saharan Africa / Japan ),

while Japan does not suffer from food shortages.

slide12

Why do some countries have a high risk of food shortages whereas others have a low risk?

When food supplies cannot meet the demand, there are food shortages.

Food demand

Food supply

Local farm production

>

Population size

Food imports

Food shortages

Prolonged severe conditions

Famine

slide13

Why do some countries have a high risk of food shortages whereas others have a low risk?

Countries with a low risk of food shortages produce more than their people consume.

They export and sell their surplus grains at world market prices.

France

Food surplus

The USA

Food surplus

Net trade in food (2002-4)

Source: FAO Statistical Yearbook 2005, Volume 1, the UNFAO

slide14

Why do some countries have a high risk of food shortages whereas others have a low risk?

For rich countries whose food production is not enough to meet its demand, such as Japan, the problem of food shortages can be solved by importing food.

France

Food surplus

Japan

The USA

Food shortages

Food surplus

How does Japan solve the problem of food shortages?

Net trade in food (2002-4)

Source: FAO Statistical Yearbook 2005, Volume 1, the UNFAO

slide15

Why do some countries have a high risk of food shortages whereas others have a low risk?

Countries with a high risk of food shortages like the Sub-Saharan countries are unable to produce their own food to meet demand. They do not have moneyto buy food from the world market.

France

Food surplus

The USA

Food surplus

Sub-Saharan countries

Can Sub-Saharan countries solve the problem of food shortages by importing food?

Food shortages

Net trade in food (2002-4)

Source: FAO Statistical Yearbook 2005, Volume 1, the UNFAO

slide16

Why do some countries have a high risk of food shortages whereas others have a low risk?

Uneven food supply

Food production > Food consumption

Food consumption > Food production

Food surplus

Food shortages

Export surplus food

Not enough money to import food

Import food

Famine

Sufficient food supply

slide17

What are the similarities found among countries where famine occurs?

They are ( poor / rich ).

Poor nutrition often leads to ( long / short ) life expectancy.

They rely heavily on _____________.

agriculture

They are politically ( stable / unstable ).

They have ( low / high ) education level.

What are the characteristics of the countries which is more likely to suffer from famine?

The birth rate is ( low / high ),

leading to a high population growth.

slide18

How is famine related to agriculture?

The food supply in a country is closely related to its level of food production.

Food production

Food supply

Risk of famine

In order to solve the problem of famine, can we increase food production by applying various agricultural technologies?