What to do with What We Know Inductive Bible Study Part 3: Application GCBC Sunday School Johnston
Agenda • What is Application • Why We Fail to Apply • Inductive Bible Study and Application • Universal Truths • Developing Application Questions • Application and Kinds of Bible Passages • What to Avoid • Examples
What is Application? • Putting Jesus' Words Into Practice Will Not Fail Mt 7:24 • Know Truth and Spiritually Free John 8:31-33 • Hearing (or Reading) not Enough James 1:22-23 • Useful for Training in Righteousness and Equipping for Service 2 Tim 3:16-17
Why We Don’t Apply • Got Spirit – Don’t Need to Figure it Out • Works not Faith • Requires Discipline • No Training • Poor Examples • Stopping at Meaning
Application & the Inductive Bible Study Method • Observation: What do I see? • Discovering the Facts in the passage • Interpretation: What Does it Mean? • Asking Why and Finding Answers • Application: What Must I Do? • Discovering Timeless Principles and Applying Them to Today
Universal Truths “Because we share a common humanity with the people of the Bible, we discover a universal dimension in the problems they faced and the solutions God gave them. We may not know anyone named Bathsheba, but we struggle with lust, and adultery is all too common. We may not rule over Nineveh, but, like Belshazzar, we sometimes feel proud and arrogant, not realizing that God holds in his hand our life and all our ways (Dan 5;23). We may not have the same “thorn” that tormented Paul, but as we pray for hardships to be removed from our lives we need to hear God’s words; “My grace is sufficient for you, for my power is made perfect in weakness” (2 Cor 12:9).” – Jack Kuhatschek, Applying the Bible, pg. 30.
Applying the Old Testament • Old Covenant Limits • Local Situations and Practices • New Testament Use • Repetition • Revocation
Applying the Epistles • Original Situation & Practices • 1 Thess 5:26 – greet one another with a holy kiss • Gal 5:2-3 If circumcised – Christ of no value • Sometimes Principle Stated • 1 Cor 8:9 … exercise of your freedom does not become a stumbling block • General Exhortations +/- Specific Examples • Col 3:12-14 - How many ways to apply “Bear with each other?”
Applying Historical Narratives • 40% + of Bible • Look for Evaluation by Author • Explicit (Josiah 2 Kgs 22-23)) • Implicit (Rahab – Lifestyle, Lying not Evaluated, (Josh 2:9) • Evaluation by Other Authors and NT • Heroes of the Faith – Heb 11. Including Rahab (11:31) • Look for Universal Principles (Jn 3:16-21) • Apply to Current Situations Where Appropriate • Based on Kuhatsheck, Jack, Applying the Bible.
Applying Bible Promises • Original Setting • Group or Individual • Conditional or Un-Conditional • Misuse • Name it and Claim it (Mk 11:24) • Snake Handling and Poison Drinking (Mark 16:18)
What to Avoid • Going Beyond • Subjectivism • Bad Exegesis or Translation • Proof-texting • Poor Logic
Application Examples • Miracle Prayer Request Sheet (Mt 18:19) • Test for Demon Possession (3 Jn 2)
Application can be Tough to Do “It ain’t those parts of the Bible that I can’t understand that bother me, it is the parts I do understand.” Mark Twain
Bibliography • Adams, Jay E., Truth Applied, Application in Preaching, The Jay Adams Library, Ministry Resources Library, Zondervan: Grand Rapids: 1990.. • Arthur, Kay, How to Study Your Bible, The Lasting Rewards of the Inductive Method, Eugene: Harvest House Publishers, 1994. • Newman, Barclay M., “A Concise Greek-English Dictionary of the New Testament”, United Bible Societies • Finzel, Hans, Observe, Interpret, Apply: How to Study the Bible Inductively, Wheaton: Victor Books, 1994. • Hendricks, Howard G., and Hendricks, William D., Living By the Book, Chicago: Moody Press, 1991. • Kuhatschek, Jack, Applying the Bible, Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1990.. • Traina, Robert A., Methodical Bible Study, Grand Rapids: Zondervan, 1980. . • Sterrett, T Norton, How to Understand Your Bible, Downers Grove: IVP, 1974. • Veerman, Dave, How to Apply the Bible, Wheaton: Tyndale, 1993.
True Application “We must observe that the knowledge of God which we are invited to cultivate is not that which, resting satisfied with empty speculation, only flutters in the brain; but a knowledge which will prove substantial and fruitful whenever it is duly perceived and rooted in the heart.” - John Calvin
Application Homework • Create 3 Applications from 1 John 1:5-10