Intro to Subjunctive Mood. Stage 23/24. What is SUBJUNCTIVE?. The Subjunctive is one of the three different moods a Latin verb can take. The two other moods are the Indicative and the Imperative .
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The Subjunctive is one of the three different moods a Latin verb can take.
The two other moods are the Indicative and the Imperative.
The subjunctive is perhaps the most common and also most difficult to grasp, and there is a great number of different subjunctive uses
When a sentence begins with CUM and has a subjunctive verb in it we call this a CUM clause.
CUM in this case is translated as “when” (although it can have other uses you will learn later)
This formal name for this is a CUM TEMPORAL clause
The imperfect subjunctive is formed by adding the personal endings (-m, -s, -t, -mus, -tis, -nt) to the present infinitive (often the second principal part).
The pluperfect subjunctive is formed by adding the personal endings to the perfect infinitive (3rd pp + isse)
For voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatumthe imperfect subjunctives are formed thus:
And are translated “When _____ was/were calling”
For voco, vocare, vocavi, vocatumthe pluperfect subjunctives are formed thus:
And are translated “when _____ had called”
MOVEO, MOVERE, MOVI, MOTUS
AMO, AMARE, AMAVI, AMATUS