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Jesus. The Master Teacher. The Master Teacher. “Never Man So Spoke” “What Did Jesus Claim About Himself?” “The Authority of Jesus’ Teachings” “Teaching By Illustrations”. Jesus. 1. Parables. Purpose of Parables Make truth clearer to those of an honest heart

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jesus

Jesus

The Master Teacher

jesus1

The Master Teacher

  • “Never Man So Spoke”
  • “What Did Jesus Claim About Himself?”
  • “The Authority of Jesus’ Teachings”
  • “Teaching By Illustrations”

Jesus

1 parables
1. Parables

Purpose of Parables

  • Make truth clearer to those of an honest heart
  • Conceal the truth from those who might abuse it
  • Cause opponents to agree with certain truths before they perceived the application to themselves
  • They are enshrined in human memory for centuries
1 parables1
1. Parables

Parable Considerations

  • Consider the contextual background
  • Consider the details of the parable itself
  • Consider the primary truth that lies at the heart of the story
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1. Parables

Kingdom Parables

  • The Sower (Matt. 13) – Attitudes toward the church
  • The Tares (Matt. 13) – Evil in the church
  • The Mustard Seed (Matt. 13) – Growth in the church
  • The Leaven (Matt. 13) – Influence of the church
  • The Hidden Treasure (Matt. 13) – Discovering the church
  • The Pearl of Great Price (Matt. 13) – Seeking the church
  • The Drag Net (Matt. 13) – Separation in the church
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1. Parables

Kingdom Parables

  • The Laborers in the Vineyard (Matt. 21) – Service in the church
  • The Two Sons (Matt. 21) – Possession, not profession
  • The Wicked Husbandmen (Matt. 21) – The Rejected Stone
  • The Secret Seed (Mk. 4) – The unfolding of the church
  • The Great Supper (Lk. 14) – Gentiles in the church
1 parables4
1. Parables

Sinner Parables

  • The Lost Sheep (Lk. 15)
  • The Lost Coin (Lk. 15)
  • The Lost Son (Lk. 15)
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1. Parables

Forgiveness Parables

  • The Unprofitable Servants (Lk. 17)
  • The Unmerciful Servant (Matt. 18)
  • The Two Debtors (Lk. 7)
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1. Parables

Prayer Parables

  • The Friend at Midnight (Lk. 11) – Persistence in prayer
  • The Unjust Judge (Lk. 18) – Prayer under persecution
  • The Pharisee and Publican (Lk. 18) – Attitude in prayer
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1. Parables

Stewardship Parables

  • The Talents (Matt. 25)
  • The Pounds (Lk. 19)
  • The Rich Fool (Lk. 12)
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1. Parables

Prepardness Parables

  • The Barren Fig Tree (Lk. 13) – Coming judgment
  • The Unjust Steward (Lk. 16) – Prepare for judgment
  • The Ten Virgins (Matt. 25) Constant preparation
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1. Parables

The Sower – Lk. 8

  • The sower is the teacher
  • The seed is the gospel
  • In the parable the sower is the same, the seed is the same, the only difference is the soil
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1. Parables

The Sower – Lk. 8

Hard Soil

  • Those who are spiritually hardened to divine influence.
  • They resist when being taught the gospel
  • In contrast to the next 3, which refer to people who enter the kingdom
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1. Parables

The Sower – Lk. 8

Shallow Soil

  • Seed is sown and it springs up quickly, but dies
  • Embraces the gospel without counting the cost
  • When hardship comes they fall away
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1. Parables

The Sower – Lk. 8

Thorny Soil

  • Seed grows thorns, an undesirable plant that crowds out the good seed
  • Christian dedication takes a backseat to the crowded life
  • Perpetually remain “lukewarm”
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1. Parables

The Sower – Lk. 8

Good Soil

  • Wholly receptive
  • Embraces the gospel and holds to it firmly
  • 100, 60, 30 fold
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1. Parables

The Lost Sheep - Lk. 15

  • Great crowds were pursuing the Lord
  • Among them were “publicans and sinners”
  • Parable draws a contrast between divine love and the Jews’ tarnished love
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1. Parables

The Lost Sheep - Lk. 15

  • “What man of you…”
  • Man had 100 sheep and 1 wandered away
  • Human beings become lost when they wander into sin
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1. Parables

The Lost Sheep - Lk. 15

  • The shepherd will go to any means to see they are retrieved to safety
  • Shepherd knows the sheep is incapable of finding his way back alone
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1. Parables

The Lost Sheep - Lk. 15

3. Shepherd places the sheep on his shoulders and carries it home

4. Lord rejoices when He recovers those who are lost

5. Emphasizes the value of even one soul

2 similes
2. Similes

When a comparison is drawn between 2 objects that have some similarity.

  • Person who listens to the message and obeys it is like the man who digs deep and builds his house upon a rock (Lk. 6:47-48)
  • Lord’s disciples must be wise as serpents yet harmless asdoves (Matt. 10:16)
  • As Jonah was 3 days an 3 nights in the great fish’s belly, sothe Son of Man will be 3 days and nights in the grave (Matt. 12:40)
3 metaphors
3. Metaphors

Briefer and stronger form of comparison.

  • Christ’s disciples “are the salt of the earth” and “light of the world” – Matt. 5:13-14
  • False teachers “are ravening wolves” that destroy their victims – Matt. 7:15
  • In the Lord’s Supper, the bread “is His body” and the fruit of the vine “is His blood” – Matt. 26:26-27
4 metonymy
4. Metonymy

A change in name to intensify a comparison.

  • “Go tell that fox of the signs I am performing” – Lk. 13:32
  • “God so loves the world” – Jn. 3:16
5 paradox
5. Paradox

A statement that appears to contradict itself, but is true

  • The “poor” in spirit possesses the “kingdom” of heaven– Matt. 5:3
  • Those who “mourn” are “comforted”– Matt. 5:4
  • The “meek” (submissive) own the earth– Matt. 5:5
  • “Whoever finds his life shall lose it, and whoever loses his life for My sake shall find it” Matt. 10:39
6 hyperbole
6. Hyperbole

A deliberate exaggeration for dramatic purposes.

  • When Christ said one should “pluck out” an eye, or “cut off” a hand. – Matt. 5:29-30
  • Becoming a physical “eunuch” was not the intent of the Lord’s instruction on marriage and divorce. – Matt. 19:12
7 synecdoche
7. Synecdoche

A part of something stands for a whole.

  • “kingdom” (church) was likened to a “muster seed” (Matt. 13:31) the point being made was the tiny beginning of the kingdom on Pentecost compared to its vast expansion in the end.
  • “kingdom” was illustrated by “leaven” (Matt. 13:33) which pictured the quiet but pervasive influence of the Savior’s teaching in changing lives
jesus2

The Master Teacher

  • He knew His subject
  • He loved His subject and His students
  • He was zealous about it
  • He knew the needs of His People

Jesus

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Jesus and Salvation

Jn. 8:24 “Therefore I said to you that you will die in your sins; for if you do not believe that I am He, you will die in your sins”

Lk. 13:3 “unless you repent you will all likewise perish”

Matt. 10:32-33 “whoever confesses Me before men, him I will also confess before My Father who is in heaven. But whoever denies Me before men, him I will also deny before My Father who is in heaven”

Mk. 16:16 “He who believes and is baptized will be saved”