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Rationale for the development of high speed Ro-Ro services in Western Europe. Competitiveness of high speed Ro-Ro services compared to road haulage Profitability of High Speed Crafts (HSC-BGV). HSC-BGV competitiveness : Speed Road Standard Ferry HSC-BGV.

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rationale for the development of high speed ro ro services in western europe

Rationale for the development of high speed Ro-Ro services in Western Europe

Competitiveness of high speed Ro-Ro

services compared to road haulage

Profitability of High Speed Crafts

(HSC-BGV)

hsc bgv competitiveness speed road standard ferry hsc bgv
HSC-BGV competitiveness : SpeedRoad Standard Ferry HSC-BGV

Kilometers per hour / kph

HSC-BGV cargo ships have a service speed comparable to road haulage

speed and consequences 1
Speed and consequences (1)
  • European transport quality standards are based on the respect of schedules and short transit time allowed by road transport
  • Road haulage is organised to minimize transit time :
    • It is what the clients are asking for (« zero stock » and « just in time » concepts)
    • It is the key to the profitability of road haulage
speed and consequences 2
Speed and consequences (2)
  • Most of the time standard Ro-Ro services ( as opposed to HSC-BGV) are not competitive with road transport in terms of quality standards :
    • Whether when competing head-on (Belgium/Spain)
    • Or in indirect competition (Tunisia / Romania)

CONSEQUENCES for standard Ro-Ros :

  • Difficulties in the start-up and sustainability of Motorways of the Sea

COMMENTS for HSC-BGV :

  • HSC-BGV cargo ships are very close to the desired service level
can hsc bgv effectively compete with road haulage
Can HSC-BGV effectively compete with road haulage ?

Even though HSC-BGV cargo ships deliver a good quality standard :

  • Can HSC-BGV ships offer haulage costs (loading+unloading+fare) lower than the direct cost (sub-contracting) of road haulage ?
  • Is this competitive edge stable or will it vanish in the future ?
competitivenes in terms of prices and costs
Competitivenes in terms of prices and costs

Average European figures (on a distance basis) :

  • Road transport price (to shippers): 1 € / km
  • Road transport sub-contracting price

(direct haulage cost) : 0.65-0.85 € / km

  • BGV haulage (fare+loading+unloading) : 0.55 to 0.67 € / km

(i.e. 1 to 1.2 € per nautical mile for mid distances depending upon traffic level and type of BGV cargo ship)

review of unit costs
Review of unit costs
  • (1) fuel :
    • Gas oil consumption of a refrigerated truck+trailer :
      • Consumption : 36.7 l/100 km
      • Price of gas oil (net European average) : 0.89 €/lit
      • Cost for 100 km : 32.66 €
    • Fuel consumption per trailer on HSC-BGV ship
      • Consumption per hour / per trailer : 67-78 kilos
      • Price of HFO 380 : 230 € / ton
      • Speed : 59 kph
      • Cost per trailer for 100 km : 26.10 – 30.51 €
review of unit costs1
Review of unit costs
  • (2) cost of labour :
    • Truck driver (basis : French Convention)
      • Salary + social charges : 3,139.91 €
      • Number of hours worked per year : 2,115
      • Number of drivers per truck : 1.081
      • Cost of one work hour : 19.26 €
      • Cost for 100 km : 27.55 €
    • BGV Crew (basis : French Convention)
      • Crew cost for one work hour : 182.54 €
      • Crew cost for one hour per trailer : 1.94 € - 1.04 €
      • Cost for 100 km : 3.28 € - 1.76 €
review of basic unit costs
Review of basic unit costs
  • (3) cost of vehicle for the haulage of one trailer :
    • Truck :
      • Cost : 68,500.00 €
      • Years of use : 6.1
      • Interest rate : 6%
      • Depreciation + financial charges : 13,739.60 € /year
      • Days in use : 231.9 / year
      • Cost per day : 59.25 €
    • HSC-BGV cargo ship :
      • Cost : 65 – 92,000,000 €
      • Years of use : 25
      • Interest rate : 6%
      • Depreciation + financial charges /trailer : 42,026.00 – 32,184.00 €
      • Days in use : 300
      • Cost per day : 107.28 € - 140.09 €
benefits for transport safety 1
Benefits for transport safety (1)
  • inherent to all Ro-Ro services (as opposed to 100% road transport)
    • Less time on roads means less accidents for drivers and for the general public
    • Possibility to use smaller ports and by-pass congested areas
    • Economic consequences :
      • Lower infrastructure costs
      • Losses and insurance
benefits for transport safety 2
Benefits for transport safety (2)
  • Specific to HSC-BGV cargo ships:
    • Separation of cargo and passengers will improve passenger safety and security
    • Reasonable speed (less than current passenger vessels – catamarans)
    • Credible alternative on week-ends and holidays for refrigerated transport
    • European crews
    • Highest standards for crew training and management
    • HSC safety standards for ships
    • Modern navigational equipment