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Planning for a New Airport in Thessaloniki, Greece. Nikolas Pyrgiotis Yannis Simaiakis 12/11/2007. Project Outline. Current airport review Forecasts Location and New Airport Benefits Planning Considerations Airfield Design Passenger Building Layout Overall Layout

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planning for a new airport in thessaloniki greece

Planning for a New Airport in Thessaloniki, Greece

Nikolas Pyrgiotis

Yannis Simaiakis


project outline
Project Outline
  • Current airport review
  • Forecasts
  • Location and New Airport Benefits
  • Planning Considerations
  • Airfield Design
  • Passenger Building Layout
  • Overall Layout
  • Possible Expansion Plans

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

skg airport
SKG Airport
  • Serves Thessaloniki
    • Metro area population over 1.2 million (2006 est.)
  • 3.7 million PAX:
    • Highly Seasonal (60% Summer Traffic)
    • Constant share of domestic pax: 1.5 million/year 120000/month
    • 75% Domestic & Schengen Flights
  • Airfield Configuration:
    • 2 crossing runways: 16/34 & 10/28, each 2500 meters long
    • One taxiway parallel to each runway
    • 22 remote stands
  • Landside Configuration:
    • 1 terminal building 32,000 m2
    • Cargo buildings 10,000 m2
  • Public Ownership & Management

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

skg master plan and limitations

New Passenger Terminal

Runway expansion

SKG Master Plan and Limitations
  • Master Plan:
    • Runway 10/28 expansion
    • New terminal building
      • 115,000 m2 surface, 14 contact stands
      • 8 million pax/year at service level B

4200 pax/peak-hour

    • New apron: 22 remote stands
  • Limitations:
    • Crosswinds
    • Heavy Fog (ILS II not always sufficient)
    • Mountainous pattern to the SE
    • Ground access
    • Rapidly developing surrounding area
    • No available land for further expansion (e.g. new runway)

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

new airport
New Airport
  • Necessity for a new airport based on the problems that cannot be overcome by SKG’s master plan
    • Weather, Environmental Issues, Urban Development, Transportation
  • Annual Traffic Growth Forecast based on a exponential fit of historical traffic data due to lack of sufficient data on population growth and GDP.

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

  • Analysis based on:
    • Peak Hour of the 2nd busiest day during the average week in a peak month (Tuesday, 1st week of Aug 07)
    • Scheduled flights in 2007 (lack of data for hourly passenger traffic)
  • 1st Stage of Development Planned to start operations in 2022 (7.5m PAX) and reach capacity by 2032 (12m PAX)
  • Assumed A/C mix for this period based on experience in AIA and similar European Airports

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

planning approach
Planning Approach
  • Very Uncertain Forecast
    • Uncertainty regarding master plan materialization in current airport
    • Unstable Greek Airline Industry (OA and A3)
    • Infant state of LCC operations
    • Traffic dependency on dynamic tourism
    • Uncertain prospects of Thessaloniki as a business center
  • Flexible and Adaptable Planning
    • Dynamic response to changes in traffic, aircraft mix and traffic type
    • Option to accommodate low cost traffic
    • Option to use land for other purposes
  • Environmental/ Noise Issues
  • Airport as Part of a Multi-Modal Transportation System

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

new location
New Location
  • Improved Transportation Access
  • Undeveloped Farm Land
  • Far from Populated Areas
  • Proximity to Industrial Area and Seaport

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

new catchment area
New Catchment Area
  • 8 cities under 130km
  • Total Population more than 400,000
  • Good Access to all Cities
  • Potential Emergence of New Markets


N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

airfield design
Airfield Design
  • Produced runway capacity envelop of a single runway: 56 movements per hour
  • Adjusted the capacity based on ATM limitations in Greece and an average delay of 4 minute:
    • 46 movements per hour
  • A single runway can serve 4300 pax/hr based on the a/c mix of 5%H, 70%L, 25%S
    • Adequate until 2032 (4200 pax/hr)
  • Based on the windrose for the area the runway should be built in a N-NW to S-SE direction
  • Runway length based on the reference field of a 777-300
  • Airfield design based on ICAO requirements for design group E:
    • Taxiways, Taxilanes, Aprons, Runway Exits

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

landside design
Landside Design
  • A Single Centralized, Linear Terminal Parallel to the Runway
    • Small Terminal
    • Avoid Inefficient Duplication of facilities
    • Small Number of connections
    • Large number of remote stands → Short Terminal
    • Provides the most options for expansion
    • Simple and adjustable division between Schengen/ Non-Schengen zones
    • Centralized facilities for ground transportation and parking
  • Considered other designs and configurations:
    • Linear, Perpendicular to Runway
    • Radial
    • Low-cost terminal
  • Analysis of terminal configuration performed based on DPH and a/c mix forecast for 2032:
    • Use of planning factors to deduce area requirements for different facilities
    • Emulating the design of AIA while making some modifications and improvements

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis


Departures Level

  • 12 contact stands, 12 departure gates (3 NS, 9 S)
  • 130 check-in counters
  • 2 Security Checkpoints, 1 Border Control Area

Arrivals Level

  • Additional departure gates for 24 remote stands (S and NS)
  • 1 entrance for NS arrivals (with Immigration facility), 2 for S arrivals
  • Baggage Claim Area adequate to serve at least 12million annual PAX (2 belts for NS, 8 for S/ 2x70m and 8x40m belts)
overall layout


Direction of operations

Overall Layout
  • Overall Airport Configuration designed to reach capacity in 2032 serving 12m PAX (stage 1)
  • Accommodates Airfield and Landside Plans previously presented
    • ICAO reference code: 4-E (FAA E-V)
    • 3,600m runway 33/15
    • 2 taxiways (1 short)
    • Passenger Terminal and Cargo Facility

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis

land banking
Land Banking
  • Buy the area now while still not constructed and cheap and built the airport when appropriate
  • Requires an area of 6,500,000m2

N. Pyrgiotis/ I. Simaiakis