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What would you do
What would you do?

  • You’re the teacher in a 5th grade class at a medium sized suburban school. On a typical Wednesday morning you are at the back left corner of your classroom working with a small group. 2 other small groups are working together, one at the front of the room and the other at the right center of the room near the windows. Your classroom is on the second floor. Without warning an intruder enters your room with a gun, shuts the door, and threatens to use the gun if anyone moves. Your school safety plan instructs you to use the school phone which is next to your classroom door by the intruder, or to send a student for help in an emergency situation. Neither of these is possible in this situation without endangering the life of your students or your own life

Crisis planning

Crisis Planning

Heather Lynn Davenport

Plan now not later
Plan Now, Not Later!

  • “Knowing how to respond quickly and efficiently

    in a crisis is critical to ensuring the

    safety of our schools and students. The

    midst of a crisis is not the time to start

    figuring out who ought to do what. At that moment,

    everyone involved – from top to bottom – should

    know the drill and know each other.”

  • --Margaret Spellings

Government report
Government Report

  • Based on interviews with individuals who have been in these situations

  • There is little known about best practice on Crisis planning because it is fortunately a rare occasion

What are we planning for

Natural disasters (earthquake, tornado,

hurricane, flood)

Severe weather


Chemical or hazardous material spills

Bus crashes

School shootings

Bomb threats

Medical emergencies

Student or staff deaths (suicide, homicide,

unintentional, or natural)

Acts of terror or war

What are we planning for?

Steps of a crisis
Steps of a Crisis

  • Mitigation/ Prevention

  • Preparedness

  • Response

  • Recovery

Mitigation and prevention
Mitigation and Prevention

  • Mitigation and prevention require taking inventory of the dangers in a school and community and identifying what to do to prevent and reduce injury and property damage.


  • the goal of mitigation is to decrease the need for response

  • as opposed to simply increasing response capability.


  • Threat Assessment

  • Bully Prevention

  • Social problem solving programs

  • Life skills programs

A good plan includes
A Good Plan Includes:

  • Starts with leadership at the top

  • Channels of communication should be open before a crisis happens – Fire, Police, etc…

  • Plans should be per school not per district

  • Includes practice drills

  • Defines Roles and Responsibilities

  • Student Release Procedures

  • Plans for students with special needs

  • Based on an All Hazard Approach

  • Schedule for updates

Ics incident command system
ICS Incident Command System

  • Needs to be Created with ALL involved BEFORE a crisis occurs.

  • Should include emergency responders and school personnel

  • How will the school communicate with students parents staff and media?

Who s involved in the ics
Who’s involved in the ICS?

  • Incident commander

  • Public information officer

  • Safety officer

  • Liaison Officer

  • Operations officer

  • Planning and Intelligence officer

  • Logistics officer


  • Shelter in Place

  • Evacuation

  • Reverse Evacuation

  • Lockdown

  • Code Blue vs. Evacuate

Teachers secretaries etc should have
Teachers Secretaries etc should have…

  • Master Keys

  • Forms of Communication and Directories

  • Maps and Facilities information

  • First aid kits

  • Updated student rosters

  • Activities for students

  • Student Emergency Cards

  • Student Release forms

After a crisis
After a Crisis

  • Review actions taken to improve plan

  • Concentrate on people and the building

  • Take as much time as you need

  • Remember anniversaries

To order the report
To order the report

  • To order copies of this report,

  • write to: ED Pubs, Education Publications Center, U.S.

  • Department of Education, P.O. Box 1398, Jessup, MD 20794-1398;

  • or fax your request to: (301) 470-1244;

  • or email your request to: edpubs@inet.ed.gov;

  • or call in your request toll-free: 1-877-433-7827 (1-877-4-ED-PUBS).

  • If 877 service is not yet available in your area,

  • call 1-800-872-5327 (1-800-USA-LEARN). Those who

  • use a telecommunications device for the deaf (TDD)

  • or a teletypewriter (TTY), should call 1-800-437-0833;

  • or order on-line at: www.ed.gov/about/ordering.jsp.

  • This report is also available on the Department’s Web site at

  • www.ed.gov/emergencyplan.

New york
New York

  • Planning Department

  • New York State Emergency Management Office

  • 1220 Washington Avenue

  • Building 22, Suite 101

  • Albany, NY 12226-2251

  • Phone: 518-292-2200

  • Fax: 518-322-4978

  • http://www.semo.state.ny.us/


  • Pennsylvania Emergency Management Agency

  • 2605 Interstate Drive

  • Harrisburg, PA 17110

  • Phone: 717-651-2007

  • Fax: 717-651-2040

  • http://www.pema.state.pa.us/

New jersey
New Jersey

  • New Jersey Office of Emergency Management

  • P.O. Box 7068

  • West Trenton, NJ 08628-0068

  • Phone: 609 538-6050 Monday-Friday

  • Phone: 609-882-2000 ext 6311 (24/7)

  • Fax: 609-538-0345

  • http://www.state.nj.us/njoem