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REGIONAL AND LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SUMMIT 2013. AMAKHOSI’S PERSPECTIVE ON MAKING RLED WORK 12 NOVEMBER 2013 Presented by: INkosi SN Mkhize. DETAILS. KWAZULU-NATAL PROVINCIAL HOUSE OF TRADITIONAL LEADERS ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE Tel: (033) 897-5644

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regional and local economic development summit 2013

REGIONAL AND LOCAL ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT SUMMIT 2013

AMAKHOSI’S PERSPECTIVE ON MAKING RLED WORK

12 NOVEMBER 2013

Presented by: INkosi SN Mkhize

details
DETAILS

KWAZULU-NATAL PROVINCIAL HOUSE OF TRADITIONAL LEADERS

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE

Tel: (033) 897-5644

Acting Secretary: Mrs. KhanyaNgwenya

khanya.ngwenya@kzncogta.gov.za

introduction
INTRODUCTION
  • KZN Provincial Growth & Development Strategy: “KZN is one of the most rural provinces in SA”
  • 10.4 million people in KZN
  • 54% of population in rural areas
  • Argument that figure higher than that
  • Diet system collapsed, leading to high mortality rates
  • PGDS: “Adult life expectancy in the Province has dropped from 53 years in 1996, to 51.6% in 2000, to 43 in 2009” ***
what is a dictator
WHAT IS A DICTATOR?
  • Are amaKhosi dictators?
  • Authoritarian, not elected, cruel
  • Adolf Hitler, Joseph Stalin, Sadam Hussein, Hosni Mubarak
  • Deng Xiaoping: Communist Party head (1978-92) – led China to market economy and higher standard of living
  • Lee Kuan Yew (Singapore) vs Ben Ali (Tunisia)
  • Late King Hussein (Jordan) and Park Chung Hee (S. Korea)
  • Augusto Pinochet (Chile) vs Boris Yeltsin (Russia)
  • Diving world between black and white term between dictators and democrats misses complexity of the geopolitics on the ground
organogram
ORGANOGRAM
  • LOCAL HOUSE 1

TCs

  • KZN PHTL
  • LOCAL HOUSE 2

TCs

  • LOCAL HOUSE 3

TCs

rethinking rural development
RETHINKING RURAL DEVELOPMENT
  • What do we mean?
  • The colonialism question: are we still victims of colonialism?
  • Under colonialism rural backwards and somewhat barbaric; urban progressive
  • Eurocentric ideology and definition: stigma created
  • Sir Arthur Lewis (1954): definition of modernisation: traditional was lazy and underdeveloped, modern was progressive
  • Result: majority of African countries underdeveloped
rethinking rural development cont
RETHINKING RURAL DEVELOPMENT/cont.…
  • W.W. Rostow: “traditional” does not grow; paradox: most Black people live there
  • Agricultural production very crucial but conceptually rural development is not agriculture!
  • Exercise caution in bringing development: too much money does not solve problem
challenges
CHALLENGES
  • Tense relations between amaKhosi/TC and councillors
  • IDPs done by Municipality only; LHs should coordinate IDPs of Traditional Authorities in Districts
  • Substandard services in rural areas: electricity, water, sanitation, roads (Saemaul Movement; South Korea)
  • “Exploitative” development in rural areas: servitude not paid; quarry/sand not paid for: create policy
  • Rural finance/investment not existent: DFIs not coming to table; rethink model of financing rural areas; STOP BEHAVING LIKE COMMERCIAL BANKS!
challenges cont
CHALLENGES/cont…
  • Planning to be done concurrently with Traditional structures
  • Democratisation, modernisation and transformation of ubuKhosi
  • Mentality of rural people and amaKhosi needs to change: development not only about halls and agriculture
  • Mentality of government officials must be more developmental rather than restrictive
  • Lack of education and knowledge
  • Engagements between ubuKhosi and government not structured
development planning
DEVELOPMENT PLANNING
  • Heart of rural development
  • Planning must be result of consensus or democratic process
  • KZN Planning and Development Act, 2008
  • Spatial Planning and Land Use Management Act, 2013
  • Municipal Structures Act, 1998
  • Communicating with amaKhosiand TC: we are planners in our own right
making rled work
MAKING RLED WORK
  • Planning concurrently as opposed to “consultation”
  • “FUBU” projects financed
  • Coalface of poverty: assist us in dealing with “bread and butter” issues
  • Encourage and finance education; no sustainable development without education – emphasis on boarding schools
  • Teaching dangerously – shift paradigms of people (Dr. Hugh High, Thinking About Business)
  • Institutions can work directly with ubuKhosi
success stories
SUCCESS STORIES
  • High performing rural schools: Inkamana High School (Vryheid), St. Augustine’s High School (Nquthu), Buhlebethu High School (Shinga TC, Mzumbe), Limehill High School (Indaka), Michaelhouse School (Umgeni),
  • AmaKhosi Rural and Local Economic Development Programme
  • Educational proposal with Eskom
  • FDI from Israel for tomato tunnel project (Maphumulo TC, eMdumezulu)
  • Tertiary education funding (Tembe TC)
  • Clinic (Xolo TC)
  • Building of Administration blocks and participation of Adopt-A-School Foundation (Mzimela TC)
conclusion
CONCLUSION
  • By 2050 estimated that global population would have doubled; agricultural production needs to be commercialised
  • THE KZN PROVINCIAL HOUSE OF TRADITIONAL LEADERS IS OPEN FOR BUSINESS AND IN IMPROVING THE LIVES OF OUR PEOPLE.
thank you
THANK YOU

KWAZULU-NATAL PROVINCIAL HOUSE OF TRADITIONAL LEADERS

ECONOMIC DEVELOPMENT PORTFOLIO COMMITTEE

Tel: (033) 897-5644

Acting Secretary: Mrs. KhanyaNgwenya

khanya.ngwenya@kzncogta.gov.za