The Vietnam Era. 1954 – 1975. The Time Frame. American society was changing. The era of 1954 – 1975 would bring unprecedented changes to American society politically, socially, and economically. Cold War Challenges. The Crisis in Cuba To review: 1. Failure of the Bay of Pigs
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1954 – 1975
American society was changing. The era of 1954 – 1975 would bring unprecedented changes to American society politically, socially, and economically.
1. Failure of the Bay of Pigs
2. President Kennedy forces Soviet Union to remove missiles in
In the Arab-Israeli War of 1967 an American – backed Israel quickly defeated a Soviet – backed Egypt, Syria, and Jordan.Israel and Korea
1. The “Secret” War in Laos: Kennedy and Khrushchev agree to ceasefire in 1961.
2. Kennedy and Vietnam: divided into Communist North and Non – Communist in 1954.
In the 19th century France seized Vietnam as part of its empire.
In WWII, Japan occupied Vietnam.
Following WWII France re – occupied Vietnam.
Communist leader Ho Chi Minh founds Communist movement in the country called the Viet Minh.Historical Occupation in Vietnam
In 1954, the Viet Minh successfully defeat the French occupation.
In Geneva in 1954, Vietnam is partitioned into two zones (North and South Vietnam).Historical Occupation continued…
Diem is not perceived as a strong enough leader to defeat Minh – he does not have enough support from the people.
November 2, 1963: with encouragement from the CIA, South Vietnam generals kill Diem and take control of the Vietnamese government.Kennedy Administration
1. Admit defeat and pull out causing a domino effect in Southeast Asia
2. Limited support that would end in defeat
3. Actively attack North Vietnam with loss of American lives and high financial costs
Kennedy is assassinated and Pres. Johnson drops out of election race.
President Nixon narrowly wins.
Student protests: college campuses became the grounds for many protests. Why do you think this is?Protest and Reaction
The Pentagon Papers: four presidents had lied about US involvement in Vietnam.Government Secrecy
In 1974 North Viet attacks South Viet. In 1975, the war ends with the capture of Saigon.
Why? Because they lost support on the home front.