how to write research papers for academic journals l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
HOW TO WRITE RESEARCH PAPERS FOR ACADEMIC JOURNALS PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
HOW TO WRITE RESEARCH PAPERS FOR ACADEMIC JOURNALS

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 26

HOW TO WRITE RESEARCH PAPERS FOR ACADEMIC JOURNALS - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 130 Views
  • Uploaded on

HOW TO WRITE RESEARCH PAPERS FOR ACADEMIC JOURNALS. Dr. Abdelaziz TERCHI. Hunting for facts or truth about a subject. Organized scientific investigation to solve problems, test hypotheses, develop or invent new products. Definition of Research. What is research?. Identify a problem

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'HOW TO WRITE RESEARCH PAPERS FOR ACADEMIC JOURNALS' - aminia


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
definition of research

Hunting for facts or truth about a subject

Organized scientific investigation to solve problems, test hypotheses, develop or invent new products

Definition of Research
what is research
What is research?
  • Identify a problem
  • Find out what others have done
  • Develop a solution
  • Show your solution:
    • Works
    • Better
    • Sound & complete
what is research4
What is Research?

Research must be systematic - It follows certain steps that are logical in order. These steps are:

  • Understanding the nature of problem to be studied and identifying the related area of knowledge.
  • Reviewing literature to understand how others have approached or dealt with the problem.
  • Collecting data in an organized and controlled manner so as to arrive at valid decisions.
  • Analyzing data appropriate to the problem.
  • Drawing conclusions and making generalizations.
high quality research
High Quality Research!
  • It is based on the work of others.
  • It can be replicated (duplicated).
  • It is generalizable to other settings.
  • It is based on some logical rationale and tied to theory.
  • It is doable!
  • It generates new questions or is cyclical in nature.
  • It is incremental.
  • It is apolitical activity that should be undertaken for the betterment of society.
what is bad research
What is bad research?
  • The opposites of what have been discussed.
  • Looking for something when it simply is not to be found.
  • Plagiarizing other people’s work.
  • Falsifying data to prove a point.
  • Misrepresenting information and misleading participants.
why do we need research
Why do we need research?
  • To get PhDs, Masters and Bachelors??
  • To provide solutions to complex problems
  • To investigate laws of nature
  • To make new discoveries
  • To develop new products
  • To save costs
  • To improve our life
  • Human desires
why publish research papers
Why publish research papers?
  • Ideally
    • to share research findings and discoveries with the hope of improving healthcare
  • Practically
    • To get funding
    • to get promoted
    • to get a job
    • to keep your job!
why write research papers
Why write research papers?
  • Every research needs good and proper documentation.
  • To attend conferences.
  • To share research results with other researchers.
  • To get views for improvement of your research.
  • To obtain some form of degree.
  • To get recognition and promotion (“Publish or Perish” Dilemma)
types of publications
Types of Publications
  • Theses: MSc. MPhil /PhD
  • Conference Publications
    • Focus on a piece of work with limited discussion
  • Journal Publications
    • More complete (extensive) discussion
  • Monographs / Book chapters / Text books
  • Literature review
  • Book review
  • Research note (work in progress)
  • Working paper
  • Book
where to publish your work
Where to publish your work
  • Journals

Ranking

Review process

Publication cycle

  • Conferences

Ranking

Review process

N.B. A good journal / conference usually to have rigorous review process and long review time

where to send
Conference:

3 kinds

Accept “everything?”

IEEE (accept less than 50%)

Accept less than 20%

Quick

Workshop

PASTE

IWPC

ICSE Workshops

Journal

Archival

Respectable

Experience

Magazine

Where to send?
select an outlet
Select an outlet
  • Level
    • Workshop: 30 – 50 submissions with 50% acceptance rate
    • Conference: 100 – 500 submissions with a 10-25% acceptance rate
    • Journal: 30% acceptance rate with long lead times
  • Subject: Narrow, Medium,Broad
  • Region: National,European, Americas, Asia, Australia, Nordic, Worldwide
  • The higher the level the more competitive
  • For students it is most successful to focus on a narrow focused workshop
conferences
Conferences
  • Fast publication
  • Usually need a smaller idea
    • Smaller trick can be acceptable
    • Depends on conference
  • Just accept or reject; no rewrite
    • It may be incomplete
    • It may lack key references
  • Good for networking and Q&A
journal publication
Journal publication
  • Academic reputation
    • Journals have ~4x more status than conferences
  • Gives a “quality stamp”
    • Reviewers demand corrections & clarifications
  • Archive your work
    • Wider scope
    • More theory and technical information
    • More references
  • Highly competitive
    • Accept 36%
    • Reject 58%
    • Refer to other Journal 3%
    • Withdrawn 3%
what makes a good research paper

What makes a good research paper?

Good science

Good writing

Publication in good journals

what constitutes good science

What constitutes good science?

Novel: new and not resembling something formerly known or used

Mechanistic: testing a hypothesis - determining the fundamental processes involved in or responsible for an action, reaction, or other natural phenomenon

Descriptive: describes how things are but does not test how things work – hypotheses are not tested.

what constitutes a good journal

What constitutes a good journal?

Impact factor: average number of times published papers are cited up to two years after publication.

Immediacy Index : average number of times published papers are cited during year of publication.

journal citation report 2003

Journal Citation Report, 2003

Journal Impact Factor Immediacy Index

Nature 30.979 06.679

Science 29.162 05.589

Hypertens 05.630 00.838

AJ P Heart 03.658 00.675

Physiol Rev 36.831 03.727

Am J Math 00.962 00.122

Ann Math 01.505 00.564

5907 journals

things to consider before writing

Things to consider before writing

1. Time to write the paper?

- has a significant advancement been made?

- is the hypothesis straightforward?

- did the experiments test the hypothesis?

- are the controls appropriate and sufficient?

- can you describe the study in 1 or 2 minutes?

- can the key message be written in 1 or 2 sentences?

2. Tables and figures

- must be clear and concise

- should be self-explanatory

3. Read references

- will help in choosing journal

- better insight into possible reviewers

things to consider before writing21

Things to consider before writing

4. Choose journal

- study “instructions to authors”

- think about possible reviewers

- quality of journal “impact factor”

5. Tentative title and summary

6. Choose authors

getting a paper published
Getting a paper published
  • Competition for space in journals is intense
  • Cost of publication is high, $360/page for APS
  • Rejection rates vary
    • AJP = 50%
    • JBC = 65%
    • Nature = 90%
reasons for rejection

Reasons for rejection

Confirmatory (not novel)

Poor experimental design

- Poor controls

- Hypothesis not adequately tested

Inappropriate for journal

Poorly written

reasons for rejection24
Reasons for rejection
  • The topic does not relate to the journal’s aims
  • The paper does not appear to have engaged with the work of others in the same area and may therefore be repetitious
  • The paper’s purpose is unclear
  • The argument in the paper is under-developed
  • The claims made by the paper are not justified
  • The style/length/format is not what’s requested by the journal
  • The paper is poorly presented with missing references, typos, poor grammar etc.
slide25

Publication Process

Completion of research

Preparation of manuscript

Submission of manuscript

Assignment and review

Decision

Rejection

Revision

Resubmission

Re-review

Acceptance

Rejection

Publication