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Welcome!. Grab the calendar at the front Begin reading the Citizens United ruling as a warm-up Make-ups for Super Quiz tomorrow and Thursday. Should Corporations be restricted on what they may donate to a campaign?. Group Discussions: Citizens United v. FEC (2010). Four Corners.

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welcome

Welcome!

Grab the calendar at the front

Begin reading the Citizens United ruling as a warm-up

Make-ups for Super Quiz tomorrow and Thursday

slide3

Group Discussions:

Citizens United v. FEC (2010)

four corners
Four Corners

Definitely No

Unsure But Leaning No

Unsure But Leaning Yes

Definitely Yes

how things work
How things work
  • All federal election contributions and expenditures are reported to the F.E.C.
  • All contributions over $100 must be disclosed
  • No cash contributions over $100 or foreign contributions
    • Why?
  • No limit on how much a candidate may spend of their own money
does money buy votes
Does money buy votes?

No, but it does by access.

hard money
Hard money
  • "Hard" money is contributed directly to a candidate of a political party. It is regulated by law

CANDIDATE

soft money
Soft Money
  • "Soft" money is contributed to the political party as a whole.

PARTY

independent expenditure
Independent expenditure
  • No restrictions on a candidate’s own money
  • Restrictions are a violation of free speech

Buckley v. Valeo (1976)

provisions
PROVISIONS
  • Banned soft money to candidates
  • “Stand by your ads”
  • 527 loophole
    • Unregulated and unreported
a donor taxonomy
A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.

political action committees
POLITICAL ACTION COMMITTEES
  • committee formed by a special-interest group to raise money for their favorite political candidates
a donor taxonomy1
A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.

slide31
“527s”
  •  tax-exempt organization named after a section of the United States tax code, 26 U.S.C. § 527
    • Unregulated by the Federal Election Commission
    • Such organizations can legally engage in political activity, but funds from "soft money" contributions may not be spent on ads promoting the election or defeat of a specific candidate.
a donor taxonomy3
A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.

a donor taxonomy4
A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.

a donor taxonomy5
A Donor Taxonomy

*Corporations can direct limited contributions through their own

political action committees (ATT Inc.), which use employee donations.