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The Changing Face of Canada. Canada in the Post-War World: the 1950’s. Population boom!. Baby boom : increased the birth rate (BR) in Canada and other countries Canada’s BR peaked in 1959 1950’s: pop. peak for First Nations Post war immigration 6.7 million children born b/t 1946 and 1961

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the changing face of canada

The Changing Face of Canada

Canada in the Post-War World: the 1950’s

population boom
Population boom!
  • Baby boom: increased the birth rate (BR) in Canada and other countries
  • Canada’s BR peaked in 1959
  • 1950’s: pop. peak for First Nations
  • Post war immigration
  • 6.7 million children born b/t 1946 and 1961
    • ~ 1/3 of the pop.
immigration
Immigration!
  • 1905-1960: somewhat restrictive imm. policy
    • British and N. Europeans readily accepted
    • G’ment limited # of other immigrants
  • ~1 million vets returned home
    • Many married European women (war brides)
  • War brides part of imm. wave
  • 165,000 displaced persons accepted
  • New possibilities
suburbs
Suburbs!
  • 1000’s of new homes
  • Cheaper to live in the suburbs
  • Increase in econ. development supported suburban life
    • Business and manufacturing booming
    • Fewer than 6% of Canadians were unemployed
  • Technological innovations
automobiles
Automobiles!
  • 1950’s: 3.5 million bought
  • Changed Canadian neighborhoods
  • Represented all elements of post-war era
    • Fascination with technology, progress, and personal freedom
  • Lots of fuel
    • Increased dependence on oil
      • Atmospheric pollution a problem (smog)
women in the 50s
Women in the ‘50s!
  • Suburban life centered on traditional middle-class family
    • Stay-at-home mom at heart of this family
    • Breadwinner: men’s role
    • Popular women’s magazines: working mothers = delinquent children
  • Many resented suburban life
    • Felt isolated and trapped
  • By 1960’s: looking for a different way of life
teen culture
Teen culture!
  • “boomer” generation influenced Can. culture and economy for decades
  • Boy Scouts, Girl Guides, other youth org.’s flourished
  • G’ment built 1000’s of new schools, arenas, and playgrounds
  • Manufacturers developed/made new products
  • More time spent in school
    • No wars or economic hardships
  • Innovation of the “teenager”
more teen culture
More teen culture!
  • Rock ‘n’ Roll: favorite of many teens
    • Banned in many places
  • Elvis’s hip “swiveling” seen as “obscene”
  • Racism was at the heart of society  reflected in attacks on Rock ‘n’ Roll
    • Close connection to African-American culture
consumerism
Consumerism!
  • 1st TV shows in black and white
    • Color TV to Canada: 1966
  • Canadians watching American shows
  • Advertisers: “consumption the way to happiness”
    • Selling the “good life”
    • Advertising: one of biggest areas of economic growth
the massey commission
The Massey Commission!
  • Established in 1949 by Can. G’ment
  • Vincent Massey
  • Official name:  Royal Commission on National Development in the Arts, Letters and Sciences
  • Investigate the state of Can. culture
  • 1951: reported back
massey commission cont
Massey Commission (cont)!
  • Suggested:
    • Can. TV used to promote nat’l communication and for cultural education in drama and music
    • CBC put in charge of development of TV
    • Nat’l Film Board (NFB) strengthened
    • G’ment involved in funding universities and the arts
      • Canada Council for the Arts created (awarded grants)
canadian radio television and telecommunications commission crtc
Canadian Radio-television and Telecommunications Commission (CRTC)!
  • 1968
  • Regulate the amount of foreign material broadcast
  • Imposed rules requiring Can. content
  • Encouraged growth of arts and culture in Canada