IECC 2006 Issues and Solutions Code Overview and Issue Solving Products
2006 IECC Topics for Discussion • Changes from the IECC 2000 • Changes from the IECC 2003 • How the 2006 is organized • New Mandatory Provisions • Code Adoption Cycle
2006 IECC IECC Lighting Requirements Apply to: • New Construction • Tenant Finish Out • Additions • Renovations where the connected load is increased • Exterior Lighting
2006 IECC Lighting Requirements 2000 and 2003 IECC – • Chapter 8 Design By Acceptable Practice For Commercial Buildings (Chapter 5 was Residential) 2006 IECC – • Chapter 5 Commercial Energy Efficiency (Section Numbers and structure are similar.)
2006 IECC 2000 IECC 2003 IECC 2006 IECC Chapter 8 Chapter 8 Chapter 5 Section 805 Section 805 Section 505
2006 IECC, Section 505 Section Organization 505.1 General. 505.2 Lighting controls. (Interior and Exterior) 505.3 Tandem wiring. 505.4 Exit signs. 505.5 Interior lighting power requirements. 505.6 Exterior lighting. 505.7 Electrical energy consumption. (formerly in the residential chapter)
2006 IECC, Section 505.1 505.1 General (Mandatory) • Lighting systems controls • Connection of Ballasts • Maximum Lighting Power (Interior) • Minimum Acceptable Lighting Equipment (Exterior) Exception: Lighting Within Dwelling Units
2006 IECC, Section 505.1 Section 202 GENERAL DEFINITIONS Dwelling Unit. A single unit providing complete independent living facilities for one or more persons, including permanent provisions for living, sleeping, eating, cooking, and sanitation.
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2 Lighting Controls (Mandatory) 505.2.1 Interior lighting controls • Compliance is now mandatory. • Areas with floor-to-ceiling partitions or walls must have at least one manual control. • Control must be located in the area, or be labeled and have status lights if located outside the area.
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.1 Interior lighting controls Exceptions: • Security or Emergency Areas that must be continuously lit. • Stairways, corridors, or other egress or emergency lighting.
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.2 Additional controls Areas required to have manual controls must have additional controls per 505.2.2.1 and 505.2.2.2.
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.2.1 Light reduction controls. • All areas with required manual controls shall allow the occupant to uniformly lower light levels by at least 50%.
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.2.1 Light reduction controls. (cont.) Methods for reducing light levels: • Switching all lamps or luminaires. • Dual Switching. • Inboard/outboard switching. • Switching each luminaire or lamp.
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.2.1 Light reduction controls. (cont.) Exceptions for Light reduction controls • Areas with occupancy sensors. • Corridors, storerooms, restrooms, public lobbies. • Sleeping units. • Spaces with < .6 watts/Ft2.
Step Dimming for Lighting Reduction Controls • Available with RT5 and HE8 • Uses Line Voltage • Even Illumination of the Fixture
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.2.2 Automatic Lighting Shutoff Buildings larger than 5,000 Ft2 must have an automatic control device • Time-of-day scheduling for areas not more than 25,000 FT2 and one floor, or • Occupancy Sensor with 30 minute max delay (New for 2006),or • An occupancy signal from alarm or other control systems (New for 2006).
Leviton Occupancy Sensors • Technology Types: Infrared or Ultrasonic • Mounting Types: Ceiling, Wall, Switch replacement • Eliminates need for Light Reduction Controls
Leviton Z-Max Relay Panels • Meet Time of Day Requirements • Panel Sizes: 8, 24,48 • Networked or Stand Alone • 120 or 277, single or two pole available
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.2.2 Automatic lighting shutoff Exceptions for Automatic Control Device (New for 2006) • Sleeping Units (505.2.3) • Areas where patient care is directly provided • Where an automatic shutoff would endanger occupant safety or security
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.2.2.1 Occupant Override (New in 2003) Where time-of-day controls are required, they must include an override that: • Is readily accessible • Is located so the controlled area can be seen, or area is annunciated • Is manually operated • Has a 2 hour maximum override • Serves an area ≤ 5,000 Ft2
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.2.2.1 Occupant Override (cont.) Exceptions for malls, arcades, auditoriums, single-tenant retail spaces, industrial facilities, and arenas: • Areas with captive key override • Area ≤ 20,000 Ft2
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.2.2.2 Holiday Scheduling Required time-of-day controls must include an automatic Holiday Scheduling feature that: • Turns off loads for at least 24 hours • Automatically resumes normal operation
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.2.2.2 Holiday Scheduling (cont.) Exception: • Retail stores and associated malls, restaurants, grocery stores, places of religious worship, and theaters. IECC 2006 changed “churches” to “places of religious worship”.
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 Section 202 GENERAL DEFINITIONS Sleeping Unit. A room or space in which people sleep, which can also provide permanent provisions for living, eating, and either sanitation or kitchen facilities, but not both. Such rooms and spaces that are also part of a dwelling unit are not sleeping units.
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.3 Sleeping Unit (Formerly 805.2.2.3 Guestrooms) Sleeping units in hotels, motels, boarding houses, or similar buildings must have a master switch at the main entry, to control all permanently wired luminaires and switched receptacles. Exception: Bathrooms
$ $ 2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.3 Sleeping Unit (cont) Suites must have a master switch at the entry to each room or at the primary entry. $ $ $ Sleeping Unit Suite
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.4 Exterior Lighting Controls (Revised for 2006) All exterior lighting must have automatic controls capable of turning off exterior lighting when: • Sufficient daylight is available, or • Lighting is not required during nighttime hours
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.4 Exterior Lighting Controls (cont.) • Lighting not designated for dusk-to-dawn operation must be on an astronomical time clock. • Lighting designated for dusk-to-dawn operation must be on an astronomical time clock or photocell.
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.4 Exterior Lighting Controls (cont.) • Astronomical time clocks must have a minimum 10 hour battery backup Exceptions: Covered vehicle entrances, exits from buildings, or parking structures where required for safety, security, or eye adaptation.
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.4 Exterior Lighting Controls (cont.) Proposed Local Amendment: All exterior lighting must have automatic controls capable of turning off exterior lighting would change to Lighting for all exterior applications shall have automatic controls that shall turn off exterior lighting
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.4 Exterior Lighting Controls (cont.) Proposed Local Amendment: Lighting not designated for dusk-to-dawn operation shall be controlled by an astronomical time clock. would change to Lighting not required and designed for dusk-to-dawn operation shall be controlled by an astronomical time clock.
2006 IECC, Section 505.2 505.2.4 Exterior Lighting Controls (cont.) Proposed Local Amendment: Lighting designated for dusk-to-dawn operation must be controlled by an astronomical time switch or photosensor. would change to Lighting designated for dusk-to-dawn operation must be controlled by an astronomical time switch or in series with a photosensor.
Leviton Z-Max Relay Panels • Meet Time of Day Requirements • Panel Sizes: 8, 24,48 • Networked or Stand Alone (combine indoor and outdoor loads on one time clock) • 120 or 277, single or two pole available • 4 photo cells available (indoor, atrium, skylight, and outdoor)
2006 IECC, Section 505.3 505.3 Tandem Wiring (Mandatory) Luminaires must be tandem wired if located in the same area, odd number lamp configuration and: • They are recessed mounted and the layout is within 10 Ft on center, or • They are pendant or surface mounted within 1 Ft edge to edge of each other.
2006 IECC, Section 505.3 505.3 Tandem Wiring (cont.) Exceptions: • Electronic high frequency ballast • Emergency circuits • Where no pair is available
2006 IECC, Section 505.4 505.4 Exit Signs (Mandatory) Internally illuminated exit signs may not be more that 5 watts/side.
Quantum LED Exits • Precision-molded thermoplastic housing is impact and scratch resistant, corrosion proof and UV-stabilized to resist discoloration. • Innovative snap-together design allows installation in less than three minutes. • Long-life LEDs feature very low energy consumption and rated life up to 25 years. Consumes less than one watt of energy. • Fully assembled single-face exit with optional extra faceplate for easy field conversion to double face. • Replaceable chevron directional indicator knockouts for choice of direction. • Universal mounting capability – top, back or end • (canopy provided). • Automatic recharge after discharge. • Conveniently located test switch and status indicator provide visual and manual means of monitoring system operation. • The self diagnostic emergency signs comply with NFPA Life Safety Code and automatically test the battery once a month for five minutes and once every six months for 30 minutes.
2006 IECC, Section 505.5 505.5 Interior Lighting Power Requirements (Prescriptive) The total connected interior lighting load must be calculated in accordance with 505.5.1, and not greater than the allowance calculated in 505.5.2. (Major Revisions for 2006)
2006 IECC, Section 505.5 505.5.1 Total Connected Interior Lighting Power The total interior connected lighting load cannot exceed the sum of all interior lighting equipment as determined in Sections 505.5.1.1, 505.5.1.2, 505.5.1.3, and 505.5.1.4.
2006 IECC, Section 505.5 505.5.1 Total Connected Interior Lighting Power (cont.) Exceptions: Equipment not included in the calculation of total connected interior lighting: • Special medical, dental, and research lighting • Professional sports arena and playing field lighting • Display lighting for galleries, museums, and monuments
2006 IECC, Section 505.5 505.5.1 Total Connected Interior Lighting Power (cont.) Exceptions: • Sleeping units • Emergency lighting normally off during normal building operation (like bug eyes)
2006 IECC, Section 505.5 505.5.1.1 Screw Lamp Holders The wattage shall be the maximum labeled wattage of the luminaire.
2006 IECC, Section 505.5 505.5.1.2 Low-voltage Lighting The wattage shall be the specified wattage of the transformer supplying the system.
2006 IECC, Section 505.5 505.5.1.3 Other Luminaires The wattage of all other luminaires shall be based on manufacturer’s data or other approved sources
2006 IECC, Section 505.5 505.5.1.4 Line-voltage Lighting Track and Plug-in Busway • The greater of the luminaire wattage in accordance with 505.5.1.1, 505.5.1.2, or 505.5.1.3, or • 30 watts per linear foot.
2006 IECC, Section 505.5 505.5.2 Interior Lighting Power (Revised for 2006) • The total interior lighting power is the sum of all interior lighting powers for all of the areas in the building covered by the permit. • The interior lighting power is the floor area for each building area times the value listed in Table 505.5.2.
2006 IECC, Section 505.5 505.5.2 Interior Lighting Power (cont.) • Areas are contiguous spaces in a single building as listed in Table 505.5.2. • Each building area type shall be treated as a separate building area. NOTE: The entire building method has been deleted for 2006.
Office Lighting 1.0 Watt/ft2 • RT5 example: 59 foot candles @ .86 W/ft2
Office Lighting 1.0 Watt/ft2 • HE8 High Effciency 2 Lamp T-8 • Preliminary Information: HE8 premium 55 watts HE8 standard 66 watts