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### Science Content and Pacing Grade 8

### Welcome

### Planning for InstructionScience Grades 6 - 8

Presented by

Dr. Ava D. Rosales, Instructional Supervisor

Mr. Eddie Bonet, Curriculum Support Specialist

November 8, 2011

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Make a Name Tent and include:

NAME

SCHOOL

One “aha” (eye-opening) moment that resulted from the Interim assessment

Outcomes/Goals

- Model the importance of Planning
- Facilitate movement from Engage to Explain in the 5-Es
- Develop quality questioning techniques

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Norms

- Participate Actively
- Ask questions
- Learn by doing
- Set your own learning into action

Bathroom and Electronic Devices

A grant funded by the USDOE and awarded by the FLDOE Mathematics and Science Partnership Initiative. Presentation developed by Florida PROMiSE

Partnership to Rejuvenate and Optimize Mathematics and Science Education

Planning for Instruction

Just as an actor focuses on his script and a musician on the score, so must a teacher focus on a lesson plan.

Teaching Secondary School Mathematics: Techniques and Enrichment Units

Posamentier and Stepelman, 1995, p. 21

Planning for Instruction

Why have lesson plans?

Why have lesson plans?

- To help teacher organize thoughts and materials needed for lesson (learning activity, teaching strategy, and assessment instrument).
- To ensure that teacher actually teaches the required curriculum (including standards required by law).
- To assist the teacher to become a more reflective decision maker.

Why have lesson plans?

The quality of the lessons you deliver is the essence of teaching.

What Great Lesson Plans Look Like

The best lessons contain a clear purpose, actively engage the students, cater to various learning styles, and challenge the students with higher level questions.

Levels of Planning:

There are three levels of lesson planning:

- Long-term planning
- Short-term planning
- Daily planning

Considerations when Planning

- Subject content
- Reading in the content area
- Curriculum mapping
- Integration of multiple subject areas

What do you want students to know when they complete the day, semester, or year lesson(s)?

Considerations when Planning

Science teachers also need to know how to plan for:

- Laboratory activities
- Teaching controversial issues such as evolution
- Lab safety
- The use of science-specific graphic organizers.

Instructional Strategies

- How you teach is also an important consideration when planning.
- Teachers tend to teach the way they were taught.
- Different students learn different topics in different ways, so it is important to include a mix of teaching techniques in your lesson plans.

Instructional Methods

How were you taught?

How do you think you

learn best?

What are some other instructional strategies that might have been used?

Using Different Instructional Methods

- Direct instruction
- Cooperative learning groups
- Inquiry (structured, guided, open)
- Peer teaching
- Concept maps / mindmaps
- Learning centers
- Problem / community based

Inquiry Learning

- Some of most effective science lessons are based on inquiry learning, where the locus of control shifts from the teacher to the students.
- Inquiry lessons lie on a continuum from structured to free.

Problem-Based Learning (PBL)

- A real-world problem provides context and motivation for students to learn scientific content.
- Learning is shaped by the student (inquiry) while the teacher acts as a guide, helping with content and metacognitive skills

Cooperative Groups

- Cooperative groups can contribute to better comprehension, higher scores and higher satisfaction.
- Group lessons must be well organized to be effective.
- Group work is not simply an excuse for the teacher to do something else.

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Types of Group Work

- Cooperative learning
- Peer response
- Think-pair-share
- Discussion circles
- Paired problem solving
- Reciprocal teaching
- Jigsaw

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Choosing Group Members

- Random—numbering off, matching pictures, etc
- Purposeful—using set criteria, i.e., high/low achievers, male/female, etc.

Studies have shown that diverse groups are best. It is also a good idea not to keep the same groups repeatedly.

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Lab roles

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Assigning Roles

- Leader / recorder / speaker / materials (go-getter)
- Facilitator / recorder / reporter / data processor

Other group roles may include tasks such as timer, illustrator and so on.

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Instructional Methods - Review

- Remember, there is no “magic” new instructional method that will work in every situation.
- Incorporate a variety of teaching methods into your lessons.

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Multiple Intelligences

expectumf.umf.maine.edu

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Multiple Intelligences

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Short-Term or Unit Planning

Short-term or unit plans:

- Expand on one curriculum topic.
- Developmentally sequence the topics of the unit.
- Include content, teaching strategies, and assessment instruments.
- Reflect the Next Generation Sunshine States Standards - Big Ideas and Benchmarks.

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Instructional Planning

Developing an Effective Daily Lesson Plan

- Plan for conceptual understanding.
- Use discovery, collaborative, and inquiry learning.
- Use authentic assessment that evaluates what you taught.

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Rationale for Using the 5 E Model

- The 5 Es model is an instructional model based on the constructivist approach to learning.
- The 5 Es allows students and teachers to:
- experience common activities
- use and build on prior knowledge and experience
- construct meaning
- continually assess students’ conceptual understanding

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

The 5E Model – One Effective Approach

Bybee, R. and the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study

See Bybee (1997) Achieving Science Literacy

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Engage

Questions to Stimulate Student Thinkingand Accountable Talk

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Questions to Stimulate Student Thinkingand Accountable Talk

To encourage students' reasoning about mathematics and science, and to involve them in higher-order thinking processes, teachers must be adept at posing clarifying and provocative questions.

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Florida Curriculum Framework, p. 146

Questions to Stimulate Student Thinkingand Accountable Talk

Helping students work together to make sense

of mathematics or science:

- "What do others think about what Sam said?"
- "Do you agree? Disagree?"
- "Does anyone have the same answer but a different way to explain it?"
- "Would you ask the rest of the class that question?"
- "Do you understand what they are saying?"
- "Can you convince the rest of us that makes sense?"

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Questions to Stimulate Student Thinkingand Accountable Talk

Helping students to rely more on themselves to determine whether something is correct:

- "Why do you think that?"
- "Why is that true?"
- "How did you reach that conclusion?"
- "Does that make sense?“
- "Can you make a model to show that?"

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Questions to Stimulate Student Thinkingand Accountable Talk

Helping students learn to reason:

- "Does that always work?"
- "Is that true of a counter example?"
- "How would you support/demonstrate that?"
- "What assumptions are you making?"

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Questions to Stimulate Student Thinkingand Accountable Talk

Helping students learn to conjecture, invent, and solve problems:

- "What would happen if...?"
- "Do you see a pattern?"
- "What are some possibilities here?"
- "Can you predict the next one? What about the last one?"
- "How did you approach the problem?"
- "What decision do you think he should make?"
- "What is alike and what is different about your method of solution and hers?"

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Questions to Stimulate Student Thinkingand Accountable Talk

Helping students to make connections within the content, between content areas, and to the real world

- "How does this relate to...?"
- "What ideas that we have learned before were useful in solving the problem?"
- "Have we ever solved a problem like this one before?"
- "What uses of mathematics [science] did you find on the news/Internet/television last night?"
- "Can you give me an example of ... in the real world?"

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

REMEMBER

Questions drive the inquiry process.

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

What Are They Thinking?

What’s the difference between a

fish and a submarine?

One has lettuce and tomato and one has tarter sauce!

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Develop Essential Questions

Using

- FCAT 2.0 Test Item Specs
- Pacing Guide
- Question Stem Worksheet

Benchmarks:

- SC.8.N.1.1; SC.8.N.1.6; SC.8.N.1.3; SC.8.N.1.4
- SC.8.P.9.2 (AA); SC.8.P.8.1; SC.8.P.8.5 (AA)

SC.8.P.9.1; SC.8.P.9.3

- SC.8.L.18.4; SC.8.L.18.1; SC.8.L.18.2; SC.8.L.18.4;

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

The 5E Model – One Effective Approach

How will students’ interest be captured?

Make connections between what has been learned and what will be learned

Focus student thinking

Mental engagement

Bybee, R. and the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study

See Bybee (1997) Achieving Science Literacy

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

The 5E Model – One Effective Approach

What exploration experience will be used?

Provide common base of experiences

Identify and develop current concepts, processes, and skills through exploration of environment, materials, tools, etc.

Bybee, R. and the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study

See Bybee (1997) Achieving Science Literacy

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

EXPLORE: Inquiry: Hands-on/Minds-on

Is a New Substance Formed? (Inquiry Warm-up)

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

The 5E Model – One Effective Approach

How will students communicate the results of their explorations?

Focus on particular aspects of the engagement and exploration

Students communicate conceptual understanding and demonstrate skills

Introduction of common language base

Bybee, R. and the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study

See Bybee (1997) Achieving Science Literacy

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Opportunities to Reteach

- Review the inquiry activities and indicate opportunities to reteach and/or incorporate secondary benchmarks (REMEMBER Fair Game)

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

EXPLORE: Inquiry: Hands-on/Minds-on

- Is a New Substance Formed? (Inquiry Warm-up)
- Law of Conservation of Matter (CPALMS)
- Are You Part of a Cycle? (Warm-up)
- Following Water (Quick Lab)
- Chapter 13 (Warm-up/Quick Lab Cluster)

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

The 5E Model – One Effective Approach

How will students communicate the results of their explorations?

Focus on particular aspects of the engagement and exploration

Students communicate conceptual understanding and demonstrate skills

Introduction of common language base

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Bybee, R. and the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study

See Bybee (1997) Achieving Science Literacy

The 5E Model – One Effective Approach

How will students apply their knowledge to a new situation?

Challenge and extend conceptual understanding

Practice skills and behaviors

Development of deeper and broader understanding

Bybee, R. and the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study

See Bybee (1997) Achieving Science Literacy

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

The 5E Model – One Effective Approach

How will students demonstrate their new understanding and skills?

Students assess their understanding and abilities

Opportunity for teacher to evaluate student progress toward achieving the educational objectives

Informs future instructional decisions and lesson plans

Bybee, R. and the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study

See Bybee (1997) Achieving Science Literacy

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

The 5E Model – One Effective Approach

Assessment takes

place at each

stage and informs

instructional decision-making.

Assess

Bybee, R. and the Biological Sciences Curriculum Study

See Bybee (1997) Achieving Science Literacy

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Resources for Your Lesson Plan

Instructional materials

- Manipulatives
- Virtual technology

References

- Textbooks
- Websites
- Journals
- Colleagues

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Blurring the Boundaries of CIA

Creates A FOCUS on the LEARNER

INSTRUCTION

CURRICULUM

How are we

going to

get them

to know it?

What do we

want kids to

Know and be

able to do?

ASSESSMENT

How are we

going to know

they know it?

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Ready…

Aim…

SHOOT!

Photos from worldofstock.com

Curriculum

Assessment

Instruction

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

What Do We Want Kids to Know?

Remember: Fair Game Principle and Opportunities to Embed

BOK – Life Science

Big Idea 18: Matter and Energy Transformations

SC.8.L.18.4 (AA); SC.8.L.18.1; SC.8.L.18.2; SC.8.L.18.4

BOK – Nature of Science

Big Idea 1: The Practice of Science

SC.8.N.1.1; SC.8.N.1.6; SC.8.N.1.3; SC.8.N.1.4 [Fair Game: SC.6.N.1.3; SC.7.N.1.3; SC.7.N.1.4]

BOK – Physical Science

Big Idea 8: Properties of Matter

SC.8.P.8.5 (AA); SC.8.P.8.1

Big Idea 9: Changes in Matter

SC.8.P.9.2 (AA); SC.8.P.9.1; SC.8.P.9.3

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

How Are We Going to Know

They Know It?

Sample problem from 8th grade FCAT Sample Test

http://fcat.fldoe.org/fcat2/fcatitem.asp#download

Ethan is observing chemical and physical properties of a substance. He heats up a substance and observes that the substance turns from a brown solid to a black powder. He refers to several chemistry journals that claim this represents a chemical reaction. From his observation and research, he concludes that the substance goes through a chemical change when heated. How can Ethan best defend his conclusion?

A. by demonstrating that the substance will eventually melt if the temperature continues to increase

B. by verifying that the substance is now made up of different molecules than before it was heated

C. by verifying that the substance is made up of only one type of element

D. by demonstrating that the substance is less dense after it is heated

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

How Are We Going to Teach

Them so They Know It?

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Just as no performer enjoys playing the same role day in and day out, so no student enjoys sitting for the same type of lesson every day. It kills

initiative and dulls the imagination.

Variety is what makes the learning process, as well as the teaching aspect of that process, a pleasant one.

Teaching Secondary School Mathematics: Techniques and Enrichment Units

Posamentier and Stepelman, 1995, p. 21

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

Where are We on the Inquiry Continuum

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

http://flpromise.org

M-DCPS Division of Mathematics, Science and Advanced Academic Programs

The Science Classroom Essentials

Contact information:

Dr. Ava D. Rosales, Instructional Supervisor

[email protected] 305-995-4537

Mr. Heriberto “ Eddie” Bonet, Curriculum Support Specialist

[email protected] 305-995-3136

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