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By UĞUR KEBAPÇI. ?. Was – Were Nedir?. Was ve Were hem durum belirtirken, hem de eylem belirtirken kullanılan iki yardımcı fiil dir. Am/Is/Are ile ne farkı vardır? Farkı örnekle görmeye çalışalım. I am a doctor. (Ben bir doktorum.) (şu an)

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by u ur kebap i
By

UĞUR KEBAPÇI

slide2

?

Was – Were Nedir?

slide3

Was ve Were hem durum belirtirken, hem de eylem belirtirken kullanılan iki yardımcı fiildir.

Am/Is/Are ile ne farkı vardır?

Farkı örnekle görmeye çalışalım.

I am a doctor. (Ben bir doktorum.) (şu an)

I was a doctor. (Ben bir doktordum.) (eskiden)

They are young. (Onlar genç.) (şu an)

They were young. (Onlar gençti.) (eskiden)

slide4

Was ve Were geçmiş zamanın yardımcı fiillerindendir. Am, Is, Are yardımcı fiillerine alternatif olarak kullanılır.

Cümlede Am/Is/Are kullandığımızda cümlenin anlamı şu an ve geniş zamandan bahseder, Was/Were kullanıldığında ise geçmişten bahsedilmiş olur.

Was ve Were ile durum belirten cümleler kurmak çok kolaydır. Yapılması gereken tek şey Am/Is/Are ile cümle yazıyor gibi yazmak bunların yerine Was/Were kullanmaktır.

Bir de eylem belirten cümlelerde kullanılır. Bu konu daha sonra anlatılacaktır.

slide5

Was ve Were yardımcı fillerinin kullanılışı olumlu, olumsuz veya soru kullanımı daha önceki kurallara tabidir.

Was/Were özneden sonra yazıldığında cümle olumlu, özneden sonra olumsuz halde (not getirilerek) yazıldığında cümle olumsuz, özneden önce yazıldığında cümle soru halde yazılmış olur.

Was ve Were yardımcı filleri özneye göre değişiklik gösterir. En temel mantık şudur:

Am ve Is yerine WAS - Are yerine WERE

slide7

I was hardworking. (Ben çalışkandım.)

He was in the garden. (O bahçedeydi.)

She was in Kastamonu. (O Kastamonu’daydı.)

It was very cold yesterday. (Dün çok soğuktu.)

We were with our teacher. (Öğretmenimizle beraberdik.)

You were behind the tree. (Ağacın arkasındaydın.)

They were very expensive. (Onlar çok pahalıydı.)

Ali was in front of the wall. (Ali duvarın önündeydi.)

Ahmet and Derya were near the school. (Ahmet ve Derya okula yakındı.)

There were two birds on the tree. (Ağaçta iki kuş vardı.)

slide8

Son örneğe dikkat etmişseniz WAS ve WERE yardımcı fiilleri There is ve There are cümleleri gibi kullanılabilmektedir. Daha basit bir ifadeyle Am/Is/Are yerine Was/Were yazabilmekteyiz. Böylece de cümlenin anlamını değiştirmiş oluyoruz.

There is yerine THERE WAS

There are yerine THERE WERE kullanılabilir.

Anlam nasıl etkilenir?

Was/Were ile bu yapıyı kullandığımızda “Vardı” demiş oluyoruz. Hikayelerde, fıkralarda ve pek çok İngilizce metinde bu özelliği (There was/There were) görmekteyiz. Bunu unutmayınız!

slide9

Olumsuz Cümlede kullanım şekli

was not

wasn’t

were not

weren’t

slide12

Olumsuz Cevap kullanım şekli

wasn’t.

weren’t.

No,

No,

slide13

We form negations by putting not after was/were.

( + )

She was ill yesterday.

( - )

She wasn’t ill yesterday.

  • We form questions by putting was/were

before

the subject pronoun.

She was ill yesterday.

( + )

Was she ill yesterday?

( ? )

slide14

He was at school yesterday. (+)

He wasn’t at school yesterday. (-)

Was he at school yesterday? (?)

Yes, he was at school yesterday.

No, he wasn’t at school yesterday.

She was beautiful years ago. (+)

She wasn’t beautiful years ago. (-)

Was she beautiful years ago? (?)

Yes, she was beautiful years ago.

No, she wasn’t beautiful years ago.

slide15

They were at school yesterday. (+)

They weren’t at school yesterday. (-)

Were they at school yesterday? (?)

Yes, they were at school yesterday.

No, they weren’t at school yesterday.

We were ill last week. (+)

We weren’t ill last week. (-)

Were we ill last week? (?)

Yes, we were ill last week.

No, we weren’t ill last week.

slide16

Bob is eighty. He’s old and weak.

Mary, his wife is seventy-nine. She’s old, too.

slide17

Fifty years ago they were young. Bob was strong.

He wasn’t weak. Mary was beautiful. She wasn’t old.

slide18

We use the past simple for actions which

finished at a definite stated time in the past.

That is, we know when the action happened.

slide20

He was in hospital two

weeks ago.

(When? Two weeks ago)

slide21

square

John

John was at the square.

slide22

castle

Mary and Peter

Mary and Peter were at the castle.

slide23

palace

Jill

Jill was at the palace.

slide24

souvenir shop

George and Mary

George and Mary were at the souvenir shop.

slide25

museum

Nina and Rhonda

Nina and Rhonda were at the museum.

slide26

1. Were there CDs 100 years ago?

No, there weren’t.

2. Were there boats 100 years ago?

Yes, there were.

3. Were there helicopters 100 years ago?

No, there weren’t.

slide27

4. Were there bowls 100 years ago?

Yes, there were.

5. Were there videos 100 years ago?

No, there weren’t.

6. Were there irons 100 years ago?

No, there weren’t.

slide28

7. Were there washing machines 100 years ago?

No, there weren’t.

8. Were there motorcycles 100 years ago?

No, there weren’t.

9. Were there cookers 100 years ago?

No, there weren’t.

slide29

10. Were there TVs 100 years ago?

No, there weren’t.

11. Were there bicycles 100 years ago?

Yes, there were.

12. Were there glasses 100 years ago?

Yes, there were.

slide30

Where / Lyn / last Tuesday / ?

Where was Lyn last Tuesday?

She was at the supermarket.

slide31

Where / children / yesterday afternoon / ?

Where were the children yesterday afternoon?

They were at the playground.

slide32

Where / John / last night / ?

Where was John last night?

He was at the cinema.

slide33

Where / Kevin and Sally / two days ago / ?

Where were Kevin and Sally two days ago?

They were at the museum.

slide34

Where / you and your friends / last Saturday / ?

Where were you and your friends last Saturday?

We were at a restaurant.

slide35

Where / Diane / yesterday / at noon?

Where was Diane yesterday at noon?

She was at a train station.

slide36

Lisa / actress

Lisa wasn’t an actress ten years ago.

She was a singer.

slide37

Betty and Tom / poor

Betty and Tom weren’t poor ten years ago.

They were rich.

slide38

Bob / fat

Bob wasn’t fat ten years ago.

He was thin.

slide39

Tina and Allison / doctors

Tina and Allison weren’t doctors ten years ago.

They were students.

slide40

Ted / in Italy

Ted wasn’t in Italy ten years ago.

He was in Spain.

slide41

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