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THE GOLDEN AGE OF GREECE AND GREEK THOUGHT. BEFORE THE GOLDEN AGE. Greco-Persian War- occurred because of Athens’ support of Ionia. TWO MAIN BATTLES. Battle of Marathon Surprising win for Greeks Story of Pheidippides. BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAE. 100,000 Persians “defeated” by 7,000 Greeks

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before the golden age
BEFORE THE GOLDEN AGE
  • Greco-Persian War- occurred because of Athens’ support of Ionia
two main battles
TWO MAIN BATTLES
  • Battle of Marathon
    • Surprising win for Greeks

Story of

Pheidippides

battle of thermopylae
BATTLE OF THERMOPYLAE
  • 100,000 Persians “defeated” by 7,000 Greeks
  • Story of “300” Spartans
  • Importance?
effects
EFFECTS
  • Iron weapons (used by Greeks) prove better than bronze weapons
  • Creation of phalanx
  • Delian League is formed- leads to Athens’ empire and disputes between Athens/Sparta
    • Begins Golden Age of Athens
  • Greece no longer vulnerable to Persians
what is a golden age
WHAT IS A GOLDEN AGE?
  • ATHENS was at the forefront of world in MANY areas
  • In Athens- based on Political, military, intellectual advancement
what makes it great
WHAT MAKES IT GREAT?
  • Building style (columns, symmetry)
  • Building use (beauty vs. shelter)
  • Influences architecture of future
  • Use of “golden rectangle”- ratio of 1 to 1.61803
the school of athens
“THE SCHOOL OF ATHENS”
  • Sculpted their view of Greek gods
  • Showed what they viewed as “beauty” NOT what was real
  • Symmetry again!
theatre
THEATRE
  • SOPHOCLES- social critic
  • EURIPIDES- non-religious plays
  • ARISTOPHANES- comedies
  • Comedy/Tragedy
philosophy
PHILOSOPHY
  • SOCRATES- Socratic method
  • DEMOCRITUS- first to propose atom theory
politics
POLITICS
  • Pericles- stable direct democracy
    • Led programs for poor
    • Known for speeches- funeral oration
on the other hand
ON THE OTHER HAND…
  • Sparta- agricultural economy
  • Government with checks and balances
  • Extremely militarized culture
  • Actually better liked throughout Greece than Athens
ended by
ENDED BY:
  • Peloponessian War
  • Death of Pericles- 429 BCE

LED TO: New age of Greek thought…WHY?

sparta vs athens
SPARTA vs. ATHENS
  • Athens= strong navy
  • Sparta= strong army
  • Athens weakened by Sparta burning food supply
    • Plague kills 1/3 of Athens’ population
    • Sparta still unsuccessful in defeating Athens until 404 BCE
the result
THE RESULT
  • Sparta wins- but not really
  • Athens loses empire, power and wealth
  • Athenians lose confidence in democracy
  • Sparta also sapped of resources and declines both economically and militarily