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Using the Principles of Art. Chapter 6. The Art and Science of Growing Plants. Horticulture is referred to the art and science of growing plants.

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the art and science of growing plants
The Art and Science of Growing Plants
  • Horticulture is referred to the art and science of growing plants.
  • Landscaping is the segment of Horticulture pertaining to the art and science of growing plants in an outdoor setting The art of landscaping deals with visual art. Which is pleasing to the eye.
the art and science of growing plants1
The Art and Science of Growing Plants
  • Plant Selection process is often the most time consuming step in producing a design.
  • All the plants must fit well with the other elements of the design to make it look attractive.
  • The major design qualites to consider in selecting plants for the landscape are line, form, texture, and color.
the art and science of growing plants2
The Art and Science of Growing Plants
  • What is line?
  • So everything in the landscape has line. Whether it is natural or artifical.
  • Line gives the viewer’s eye direction and movement.
  • Lines also create emotional and psychological responses form the viewer
the art and science of growing plants3
The Art and Science of Growing Plants
  • Line Cont..
  • Vertical Lines are severe and when used in excess causes a feeling of tension and nervousness
  • Horizontal lines provide relaxing pleasant emotional responses
the art and science of growing plants4
The Art and Science of Growing Plants
  • What is form?
  • It is the three demensional shape of the plant. Examples of forms or plant shape include: Columar, Wide -Oval, pyramidal, round, vase shaped, and weeping
wide oval
Wide-oval
  • Much wider than tall
  • Often a small tree
  • Branches low to the ground
  • Works well to frame & screen
  • A focal point plant
vase shaped
Vase-shaped
  • High, wide-spreading branches
  • Usually gives excellent shade
  • Allows human activity underneath
  • Make excellent street trees
pyramidal
Pyramidal
  • Shape is less noticeable as the trees mature
  • Accent plant
  • Large, high branching trees allow human activity beneath
round
Round
  • Width & Height are nearly equal
  • Usually Dense
  • Lawn trees
  • Can be to create grove effects
  • If large, can be used to create heavy shade
columnar
Columnar
  • Much taller than wide
  • Accent Plant
  • Frames views & structures
  • Useful in formal settings
weeping
Weeping
  • Very Graceful
  • Attracts the eye (focal point)
  • Screens
  • Not useful if you want to use the lawn underneath the tree
the art and science of growing plants5
The Art and Science of Growing Plants
  • What is Texture?
    • It is the appearance of the pant in terms of coarseness or fineness, roughness or smoothness, heaviness or lightness, denseness or thinness.
the art and science of growing plants6
The Art and Science of Growing Plants
  • There are some rules of design to keep in mind as you consider the texture of plants.
  • Monotony results if all the plants in the landscape have similar textures. Therefore use some variation to add interest.
the art and science of growing plants7
The Art and Science of Growing Plants
  • What is Color?
    • It is the final design quality of plants to consider. Color has the greatest visual impact of all the design qualities
the art and science of growing plants8
The Art and Science of Growing Plants
  • Color Cont..
  • The colors of visible light are divided into two many groups:
    • Warm Colors
    • Cool Colors
the art and science of growing plants9
The Art and Science of Growing Plants
  • Color Cont..
  • Warm colors are :
    • Yellow
    • Orange
    • Red
    • They appear to be striking, stimulating, and cheerful and advances toward the viewer. High in visual energy
the art and science of growing plants10
The Art and Science of Growing Plants
  • Color Cont..
  • Cool colors are:
    • Violet
    • Blue
    • Green
    • They have a low visual energy
    • They invoke a feelign of restfullness and peacefullness
the art and science of growing plants11
The Art and Science of Growing Plants
  • The main purpose of using plants in the landscape is to provide a natural green setting that creates an atmosphere of restfulness
principles of design
Principles of Design
  • The selection is based on the principles of art or design. The principles of design referred to in the book include repetition, variety, balance, emphasis, sequence, and scale.
principles of design1
Principles of Design
  • What is Repetition?
    • Keeping the plants simple by repeating forms, texture, and colors of the plants throughout the design. The repetition of the design qualities of plants contributes to unity in the landscape.
principles of design2
Principles of Design
  • What is Variety?
    • This is where you provide variety in the design by selecting some plants with different qualities of line, form, texture, or color from the mass of plants
principles of design3
Principles of Design
  • What is Balance?
  • This is where the design is classified as formal or informal.
  • Formal is where the design is symmetrical and has the same plantings on each side of the view
principles of design4
Principles of Design
  • Balance Cont..
  • Informal designs are said to be asymmetrical and have different plants and different sizes of plants on each side of the view
principles of design5
Principles of Design
  • What is Emphasis?
    • It indicates dominance of some elements of the design over others.
principles of design6
Principles of Design
  • What is Sequence?
    • is the uniformity of change from one item in the landscape to the next. Changes of at least one quality of form, texture, or color form one area of the planting to anther gives transition
principles of design7
Principles of Design
  • What is Scale?
  • is the proportion of one object to another. It also means the relationship of an object with a designated standard such as a building or a person
shrubs
Shrubs
  • Multistemmed
  • Used as the wall element
selecting a shrub
Selecting a Shrub
  • Pay attention to:
    • The silhouette of the shrub
    • Its branching structure
    • Size
    • Texture & Density
    • Color Contributions
slide37
Pay attention to:
    • Attraction to birds & other wildlife
    • Existing soil conditions
    • Hardiness
    • Resistance to attacks by insects & disease
types of shrubs
Types of Shrubs
  • Globular
  • Low & Creeping
  • Spreading
  • Arching
  • Pyramidal
  • Upright & Loose
  • Columnar
globular
Globular
  • As wide as is tall
  • Attracts attention
  • Accent plant
  • Use with a single pyramidal to create a strong eye attraction
  • Does not mass very well.
low creeping
Low & Creeping
  • Low growing
  • Much wider than tall
  • Masses well
  • Use to edge sidewalks or cascade over walls
  • Controls erosion
spreading
Spreading
  • Wider than tall
  • Medium to large shrub
  • Masses well
  • Use at corners of buildings
  • Useful for screening, privacy & traffic control
arching
Arching
  • Wider than tall
  • Graceful
  • Softens corners
  • Background for flowers & statues
  • Provides screening
pyramidal2
Pyramidal
  • Taller than wide
  • Attracts attention
  • Usually evergreen
  • Use to mark entries
upright loose
Upright & Loose
  • Taller than wide
  • Used for screening & framing
  • Used to soften buildings
  • Can closely space to create privacy
columnar2
Columnar
  • Width about half of height
  • Flat topped & dense
  • Use for hedges if closely placed
  • Mass closely to create a solid wall