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PRAGMA Expedition Lake eutrophication. Paul Hanson, Cayelan Carey, Renato Figueiredo , Craig Snortheim , Luke Winslow. To support the growing global population, agricultural production must increase 70%. There are only a few places remaining to be converted to 100 % food production.

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pragma expedition lake eutrophication

PRAGMA ExpeditionLake eutrophication

Paul Hanson, Cayelan Carey,

Renato Figueiredo, Craig Snortheim, Luke Winslow


Higher food production requires more water and more nutrients.

An unintended consequence is eutrophication (excess nutrients that degrade water quality).


Eutrophication leads to…

  • Poor water clarity
  • Loss of macrophytes
  • Bad smell
  • Toxic water conditions
  • Dead fish
  • Reduced ecological and economic value

Confronting even a narrow slice of this global issue requires:

  • New data, rapidly becoming available
  • New models for natural systems
  • Expertise from multiple disciplines – natural sciences, computer science & technology


Discover the rules controlling phytoplankton community dynamics and water quality

  • Create a collaborative human and technological infrastructure that supports distributed team
  • Obtain new data from GLEON to confront models
  • Calibrate a new hydrodynamic-water quality model, GLM-FABM-AED, to Lake Mendota, Wisconsin (USA).
  • Investigate whether the model can reproduce the observed lake physical-biological features of interest
  • Consider a different set of rules that govern biological communities in lakes
  • Expand research to additional lakes and broader research community
  • Data for L. Mendota have been obtained
  • Lake model has been partially calibrated
    • Default parameters transferred from literature
    • Physics calibrated
    • Water quality calibration begun
  • HTCondor implementation
    • “R” code wrapper written for the model
    • Works for physics, now need the water quality
  • Overlay network (Florida, Virginia Tech. Wisconsin) installed and in use
  • Expansion to other sites, Australia and New Zealand, has commenced
  • Simulations for science
    • Just beginning!!
exciting outcomes are being realized
Exciting outcomes are being realized:
  • Demonstration of harmonized distributed resources – people, data, technologies
  • Working phytoplankton emergence model
  • Management of thousands of scenarios
  • Visualizations of complex predictions and observations
  • Students trained in the science and cyber-infrastructure
  • Engaged GLEON++ community
  • Contributions to water quality and eutrophication knowledge (papers!)