Stand Your Ground Laws & Implicit Bias. Professor john a. powell Executive Director, Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Society Robert D. Haas Chancellor’s Chair in Equity and Inclusion University of California, Berkeley
Professor john a. powell
Executive Director, Haas Institute for a Fair and Inclusive Society
Robert D. Haas Chancellor’s Chair in Equity and Inclusion
University of California, Berkeley
American Bar Association| San Francisco, California — August 9, 2013
Your castle was your person, and your right to use deadly force traveled with you
Stand Your Ground states…
( McClellan & Tekin 2012, 15)
A recent study documents that negative stereotypes of blacks are commonplace in American culture. The BEAGLE (Bound Encoding of the Aggregate Language Environment) Project constructed a data base of about 10 million words from a sample of books, newspapers and other materials that is a good representation of American culture and equivalent to what the average college-level student would read in his or her lifetime (Verhaeghen, Aikman, & Van Gulick, 2011). Statistical analysis of the associative strength between pairs of words revealed the following order of the frequency of the pairing of the word black with these 10 words in American culture: poor, violent, religious, lazy, cheerful, dangerous, charming, merry, ignorant and musical. Thus, the negative stereotypes of blacks in the GSS (violent, lazy, dangerous and unintelligent) probably reflects how often Americans have seen or heard these words paired with black over their lifetime.
Verhaeghen, P., Aikman, S. N., & Van Gulick, A. E. (2011).
Prime and prejudice: Co-occurrence in the culture as a source of automatic stereotype priming. British Journal of Social Psychology, 50(3), 501-518.
What are the implications of SYG laws in a country with growing racial anxiety?
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Solotaroff, P. (2013, April 25). A Most American Way to Die. Rolling Stone. Retrieved August 6, 2013, from http://www.rollingstone.com/culture/news/jordan-davis-stand-your-grounds-latest-victim-20130425