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BOREAS-Net : Broadband Optical Research, Education and Sciences Network. Paul Lustgraaf Mike McQuiston March 30, 2007. What is BOREAS-Net?. Boreas is the Greek god of the north wind

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boreas net broadband optical research education and sciences network

BOREAS-Net : Broadband Optical Research, Education and Sciences Network

Paul Lustgraaf

Mike McQuiston

March 30, 2007

what is boreas net
What is BOREAS-Net?
  • Boreas is the Greek god of the north wind
  • BOREAS-Net stands for: Broadband Optical Research Education And Science Network (yes, the acronym was reverse-engineered!)
  • A consortium formed to build a Regional Optical Network (RON)
  • See web page at
what is boreas net1
What is BOREAS-Net?
  • Connects members to the national research nets in Chicago and Kansas City
  • Connects to other RONs especially in Chicago with CIC OmniPoP and StarLight
  • Also connects to more affordable and diverse commercial Internet services
who belongs to boreas net
Who belongs to BOREAS-Net?
  • The founding members of BOREAS-Net are:
    • Iowa State University
    • University of Iowa
    • University of Minnesota
    • University of Wisconsin – Madison
why do we need amplifiers
Why Do We Need Amplifiers?
  • Signal strength is lost with distance due to absorption. This is called attenuation.
  • Attenuation varies by fiber type.
  • Signal strength can be boosted by amplifiers.
  • Amplifiers must typically be used every 70 to 100 kilometers.
access sites1
Access Sites
  • Kansas City – Colo in I2 Suite at Level3
    • Same facility as NLR
  • Chicago – Colo in StarLight and in I2 Suite at Level3 (900 N Kingsbury, AKA 600 W Chicago)
    • NLR is at 111 N Canal (facility was space and power limited)
    • CIC has dark fiber between sites
access sites2
Access Sites
  • Two Access Nodes on each participating Campus
    • Diverse fiber paths to campus and diverse Nodes on campus
  • Extra Access Nodes
    • Eau Claire, Milwaukee, St. Paul
transport services
Transport Services
  • 10G Ethernet Wave Transport
  • OC192c SONET Wave Transport
  • 1G Ethernet Sub-Wave Transport
  • SONET Sub-Wave Transport (OC3-OC48, by special request only)
  • Each wave supports 10 Gigabits.
  • Currently configured for ten 10G waves.
    • 100 Gbps per segment.
  • Can be expanded in ten wave increments.
  • Equipment can support up to 80 waves.
    • For a total of 800 Gbps on each segment.
creating boreas net
Creating BOREAS-Net
  • CIOs agreed in principle on Nov. 1, 2004 to create a RON
  • A technical team was tasked with issuing an RFP for dark fiber
  • Fiber RFP was issued June 17, 2005
  • CIOs agreed to an MOU on Dec. 19, 2005, formally creating BOREAS-Net
buying fiber
Buying Fiber
  • Wisconsin and Minnesota already owned fiber along the I94 corridor
  • BOREAS-Net purchased 455 miles of fiber from Wiltel(Level3) on Dec 21, 2005
  • BOREAS-Net purchased 391 miles of fiber from FiberLink Mar 2, 2006
  • Some laterals were also purchased for Ames,IA from McLeod and ICN
buying hardware
Buying Hardware
  • Optronics RFP released Mar 3, 2006
  • Contract with Infinera signed Oct. 9, 2006
  • First hardware shipped Dec 4, 2006
  • First segment install started Dec 13, 2006
  • First wave provisioned Jan 17, 2007
  • All segments accepted Jan 24, 2007
current status
Current Status
  • 1,544 miles of fiber are lit with Infinera DWDM gear
  • 100 Gbps configured
  • 14 add-drop nodes and 22 amplifiers
  • Fiscal Agent is University of Minnesota
  • NOC services by WiscNet
  • Field service contract with Level3
hut environment
Hut Environment
  • Multiple rooms, each with air conditioning.
  • DC power plant with several hours of battery capacity.
  • Generator backup power.
  • Remote monitoring of: door access, temperature, power.
boreas net costs
BOREAS-Net Costs
  • Capital Costs: $6.3M
    • Dual nodes on major campuses added about 10%, but increase reliability greatly.
  • Annual Operating Costs about $1.0M
  • Costs are shared among members.
next steps for boreas net
Next Steps For BOREAS-Net
  • Test lab in Madison:
    • Includes Terminal Node, Add-Drop Node, Three-Way Node, and Amplifier Node
  • Build circuits
  • Finalize procedures for operation
  • Establish Network Operations Center
national networks
National Networks
  • New Internet2 network.
  • National LambdaRail (NLR)
  • Regional Optical Networks (RONs)
  • Northern Tier Network Consortium
future directions
Future Directions
  • Work with Northern Tier
    • To Fargo, North Dakota.
    • Maybe eventually all the way to Seattle
    • Maybe to Winnipeg
    • South Dakota is looking at options
  • Expand foot print within Primary States
    • Iowa, Minnesota, Wisconsin
national developments
National Developments
  • Internet2 and National Lambda Rail have agreed to merge by June 2007.
  • The disposition of the two national networks is unclear at this time.
implications for isu
Implications for ISU
  • Commodity Internet.
  • Internet2 connection.
  • Waves for research projects.
  • Other uses.
commodity internet connections
Commodity Internet Connections
  • ISU will use BOREAS-Net for our commodity Internet connections.
  • ISU will connect to one or more Internet Service Providers (ISP) in Kansas City.
  • U of Iowa will connect in Chicago.
  • We will provide backup to each other.
  • We also act as an ISP to the ICN.
internet2 connection
Internet2 connection
  • ISU will connect to the Great Plains Network (GPN) in Kansas City at 10 Gbps.
  • GPN will connect to the Internet2 network at 10 Gbps.
  • U of Iowa will connect in Chicago.
  • We will back each other up.
waves for projects
Waves for Projects
  • Both 1 Gbps and 10 Gbps waves will be available for research projects. These can be connected to other networks to get almost anywhere in the world.
  • SONET connections (OC3 to OC192) can be accommodated by special arrangement.
other uses for boreas waves
Other uses for BOREAS waves
  • Off-site backups
    • Storage at Iowa City?
    • Disaster recovery?
  • Dynamic waves
    • For example, an astronomy project may need to be connected to San Diego today, Japan tomorrow, and Hawaii the day after.
competing for grants
Competing For Grants
  • Grants today often involve extensive collaboration and sharing of large datasets. BOREAS allows ISU to compete for these grants, e.g. the BP grant.
  • The connectivity provided by BOREAS eliminates some of our geographical disadvantage compared to peer institutions.
wave pricing
Wave Pricing
  • 1 Gbps: $25K per year
  • 10 Gbps: $160K per year
  • These prices get you from the edge of campus to anywhere BOREAS goes. Other networks may have additional charges.
  • Depending on your situation, it may cost more to get from the edge of campus to your location.
contact us
Contact Us!
  • Angela Bradley
    • 294-4514
  • Mike McQuiston
    • 294-8558
  • Paul Lustgraaf
    • 294-0324
thank you

Thank You