Lesson 12The Loons Margaret Laurence Lecturer: Meng Fanyan
Margaret Laurence • Born in Neepawa, Manitoba in Canada in 1926.Her publications include This Side of Jordan (1960), The Stone Angle(1964), A Jest of God (1966), The First Dwellers (1969), and The Diviners (1974).
Structural and stylistic analysis • Part I. Paras 1 - 2Introduction of the novel, when, where, who, etc. The general background.
Part II. Para.3 – Para.4 (p. 218)The whole storySection 1. Para.3 (p.206) – Para.6 (p.208)Introducing Piquette.Section 2. Para.7 (p.208) – Para.2 (p.214)Days together with Piquette at Diamond LakeSection 3. Para.3 (p. 214) – Para.2 (p.217)Second meeting with Piquette several years laterSection 4. Para.3 (p.217) – Para.4 (p.218)Piquette’s death
Detailed Study of the Text • 1. pebble: small stone made smooth and round by the action of water, eg in a stream or on the seashore 2. scrub: underdeveloped trees or shrubsoak 橡树， 栎树scrub oak: short, stunted (short, not-fully-grown) oak tree
cf:bush: (large) low growing plant with several or many woody stems coming out from the root (tree: with a single trunk)shrub: (small) plant with woody stem, lower than a tree, & usu. with several separate stems from the root
3. chokecherry: North American wild cherry tree4. thicket: a thick growth of shrubs, underbrush or small trees5. clearing: open space from which trees have been cleared in a forest
6. shack: a small roughly built house, hut, 7. dwelling n (fml) place of residence; house, flat, etc my humble dwelling dwelling-house(esp. law): house used as a residence, not as a place of work 8. cabin: small hut or shelter, usu made of wood cabin class: second highest standard of accommodation on a ship二等舱
9. poplar: 杨树 • 10. chink: close the narrow openings with, plaster • 11. Batoche:巴托什, a village at the centre of Saskatchewan Province, Canada. The battle ground where the Canadian militia beat the rebellious army in 1885. It’s been established as the National Park of History now.(简明) • 12. Métis: [mei’ti:s] half-breed, one of mixed blood, esp. (often cap.) half breed 混血儿，尤指法国人与印第安人的混血后裔，杂种动物
13. chaos: complete disorder or confusion The burglars left the house in (a state of) chaos. The wintry weather has caused chaos on the roads. chaotic: in a state of chaos; completely disorganized With no one to keep order the situation in the classroom was chaotic.
14. lean-to: small building or shed with its roof resting against the side of a larger building, wall or fence They keep hens in a lean-to at the end of the garden. a lean-to greenhouse • 15. warp: cause sth to become bent or twisted from the usual or natural shape, esp because of uneven shrinkage or expansion The damp wood began to warp.The hot sun had warped the cover of the book. • 16. lumber: (esp Brit) unwanted pieces of furniture, etc that are stored away or take up space(esp US) = timber
17. coop: cage for small creature • 18. tangle: (cause sth to) become twisted into a confused massHer hair got all tangled up in the barbed wire fence. • 19. strand: a single piece or threadMany strands are twisted together to form a rope. • 20. barb: the sharp point of a fish hook, arrow, etc, with a curved shape which prevents it from being easily pulled out
21. rust: the reddish brown surface that forms on iron when attacked by water and air • rusty: covered with rust • 22. Patois: a dialect other than the standard illiterate or provincial speech, jargon 洋泾浜英语 • 23. broken: • 1) (of a foreign language) spoken imperfectly; not fluentspeak in broken English • 2) (of land) having an uneven surface; roughan area of broken, rocky ground •
3) (of a person) weakened and exhausted by illness or misfortuneHe was broken-hearted when his wife died.broken home: family in which the parents have divorced or separated He comes from a broken home. obscenity: offensive, repulsive remarks, cursing, vulgaritylaws against obscenity on the televisionfour letter words: fuck, shit, bull shit
24. belong: to be suitable or advantageous, be in the right placeI don't belong in a place like this.He doesn't belong in the beginner's class.I refuse to go abroad: I belong here.25. Cree: one of the Indian tribes in Canada26. reservation: a piece of land set apart for N. American Indianscf: resort: (a) popular holiday centreseaside, skiing, health, etc resorts Beidaihe is a leading north coast resort. (b) (US) hotel or guest-house for holiday-makers
27. neither fish, flesh nor good red herring / neither flesh, fowl, nor good salt herring : difficult to identify or classify; vague; ambiguous 难以辨别或分类的，非驴非马的，不伦不类的fowl: a. domestic cock or henWe keep a few fowls and some goats. b. flesh of certain types of birds, eaten for foodWe had fish for the first course, followed by roast fowl and fresh vegetables. c. any bird: the fowls of the air waterfowl barnyard fowl wildfowlherring: Atlantic fish, usu swimming in very large shoals( 鱼群）, used for food 鲱鱼
28. odd: not regular, occasional, casual, occasional, randomLife would be very dull without the odd adventure now and then.29. section hands / gang: a group of workmen keeping one section of a railway line repaired30. relief: aid in the form of goods, coupon or money given, as by a government agency, to persons unable to support themselveson relief: receiving government aid because of poverty, unemployment, etc.a relief teacher
31. …with a face that seemed totally unfamiliar with laughter, would knock at the doors of the town’s brick houses… This suggests that the Tonnerres had lived a very miserable life. They had never experienced happiness in their whole life. The “brick houses” indicates the wealthy people’s home. 32. lard: pig fat made pure by melting, used in cookery33. pail: a usu. round open vessel of metal or wood, with handles, used for carrying liquids, bucket (just like the ones we use now)
34. bruise: injury caused by a blow to the body or to a fruit, discolouring the skin but not breaking it He was covered in bruises after falling off his bicycle.35. brawl: noisy quarrel or fighta drunken brawl in a bar 36. howl: long loud wailing cry of a dog, wolf, etc , loud cry of a person expressing pain, scorn, amusement, etc let out a howl of laughter, agony, ragehowl: v.wolves howling in the forest to howl in agony syn: bawl, moan, scream, wail, sob
37. Mountie: member of the Royal Canadian Mounted Police 加拿大皇家骑警mount: ~ sb (on sth) get onto or put (sb) onto a horse, etc for riding; provide (sb) with a horse for ridingHe quickly mounted (his horse) and rode away. He mounted the boy on the horse. The policemen were mounted on (ie rode) black horses. a mounted policemen, ie on horses 38. cell: a small room in a prison
39. sporadic: happening or seen only occasionally or in a few places; occurring irregularly sporadic showers sporadic raids, gunfire, fightingsyn: irregular infrequent, intermittent occasional40. negligible: too slight or unimportant to be worth any attention, of little importance or size; not worth considering a negligible amount, error, effectThis year’s deficit in foreign trade is negligible.'negligent: not taking or showing enough careHe has been negligent in not locking the doors as he was told to.
41. She existed for me only as a vaguely embarrassing presenceAs far as I am concerned, her presence would only make other people feel ill at ease / uncomfortable.42. hoarse: sounding or growling rough and harsh He shouted himself hoarse. 43. limp: walk unevenly, as when one foot or leg is hurt or stiffThat dog must be hurt; he's limping.The injured footballer limped slowly off the field.
Cf: shuffle: walk without lifting the feet completely clear of the ground The prisoners shuffled along the corridor and into their cells. totter and sway, lurch out, droopy hobble(n), stagger, stumble, floppy (These are words used in Argentia Bay to describe Roosevelt)
44. grimy: dirty, messy, filthygrime: dirt, esp in a layer on a surface 45. peculiar: odd or strange, eccentric, strange in a troubling or displeasing waya peculiar taste, smell, noise, etca peculiar feeling that one has been here beforeMy keys have disappeared; it's most peculiar!He's a bit peculiar!
46. flare: burn brightly but briefly or unsteadilyThe match flared in the darkness.flare up: burn suddenly more intensely The fire flared up as I put more logs on it. reach a more violent state; suddenly become angry Violence has flared up again.He flares up at the slightest provocation. (of an illness)recur, happen againMy back trouble has flared up again.
47. It's under control all rightall right:(infml) certainly; beyond doubt; expressing absolute certainty That's the man I saw in the car all right.48. the dickens (infml euph) (used to give emphasis, esp in questions) the Devil Who / What / where the dickens is that? We had the dickens of a job finding the place.我们费了九牛二虎之力才找到这个地方。
49. take off: go away, departI grabbed my hat and took off for the Town Hall.back: ago, into the pastsome few years backfar back in the Middle ages50. contagious: (of a disease) that can be spread by touch, infectious51. distress: pain, agony, misery
52. bet: I'll bet you $5 that they'll win the next election.He bet me that I couldn't do it.I bet it rains / will rain tomorrow.You bet: certainlyWill you tell her? You bet.53． for Peter’s sake: for God's / goodness' / Heaven's / gosh’s / pity's, etc sake (used as an interjection before or after a command or request, or to express irritationFor God's sake, stop that whining!For goodness' sake! How can you be so stupid?
54. cross: rather angry I was cross with him for being late. What are you so cross about? She gave me a cross look. crossly: madly, angrily, irritably55. matron: woman in charge of the nurses in a hospital (now called a senior nursing officer) 56. rigid: stiff; not bending or yielding; strict; firm; unchangingHer face was rigid with terror.He is a man of very rigid principlespractise rigid economy 厉行节约
57. cameo: (浮雕宝石) a piece of women's ornamental jewellery consisting of a raised shape or figure on the background of a small fine flat stone of a different colour58. mauve: (of) a pale purple colourvein（静脉）, artery（动脉）, blood ca?pillary（毛细血管）59. stifle: hold back, suppress, restrain, inhibit The children were stifled (killed) by the smoke.I am stifling in this close room.She was getting sleepy and tried to stifle a yawn.The government soon stifled these complaints.suffocate: 窒息
60. at that: additionally, besides, as wellIt's an idea, and a good one at that.I made a mistake, and a very bad mistake at that.at that: perhapsShe suggested we should bring the car, and it's not a bad idea at that.61. muse: reflect, ponderOgilvie's voice took on a musing note.
62. Bide-a-Wee: tolerate a little, stay with us a little whileBide: stay, Wee: a littleBoonie Doon: (boonie: love, beautiful)My Boonie lies over the Ocean Bonny: attractive, fair, excellent, fineA bonnie ship 美丽的小船63. bear: show (sth); carry visibly; display The document bore his signature.The ring bears an inscription.（铭文）
64. austere: without ornament, plainan austere style of paintingShe dressed austerely rather than smartly.65. filigree: ornamental lace-like work of gold, silver or copper ware, delicate ornamental wire work 金、银、铜丝细工饰品 silver filigree jewellery 银丝首饰66. fern 蕨类植物67. raspberry：覆盆子，山莓
68. moss: very small green or yellow flowerless plant growing in thick masses on damp surfaces or trees or stones moss-covered rocks, walls 69. fragrant: aromatic, perfumed, having a sweet or pleasant smell (esp. of flowers)cf: flagrant
70. miniature: very small detailed painting, usu of a person attrib. miniature dogs, ie very small breeds miniature bottles of brandy, etc a miniature railway, ie a small model one on which people may ride for short distancesShe is just like her mother in miniature.
71. scarlet: bright red She blushed scarlet when I spat forth the obscenities. scarlet fever: infectious / contagious disease causing scarlet marks on the skin scarlet woman (dated derog) immoral woman; prostitute
72. lantern: light for use outdoors in a transparent case that protects it from the wind, etc 73. moose: a type of large deer, with very large flat horns, that lives in the northern parts of America (and in some northern countries of Europe, where it is called an elk) (麋鹿)74. antler: either of the pair of branched horns of a male deer75. bleach: whiten
76. fissure: long deep crack in rock or earth77. otherwise: in other or different respects; apart from thatThe rent is high, (but) otherwise the house is fine. 78. cone: a solid object with a round base and a point at the topa hollow or solid object shaped like thisMany children would rather eat ice cream from cones than from dishes.
79. meticulous: giving or showing great precision and care; very attentive to detail (implying excessiveness) a meticulous worker, researcher, etc meticulous painting and free sketch painting 工笔 / 写意画80. tote: (infml) carry to tote a gun81. winter: spend the winter it became fashionable for the rich to winter in the sun. birds wintering in the south
82. fell: to cut down (a tree)83. lame: unable to walk normally because of an injury or defect 84. scuff: scrape, to make a rough mark or marks, with one’s shoes, on the smooth surface of furniture, or floor, etc The floor was badly scuffed up where they had been dancing.85. coarse: not fine, rough or loose in texture, vulgar, crude, harsh a coarse complexion / skin coarse manners, laughter, tastes, etc
86. stamp: put (one's foot) down heavily on (the ground, etc) walk with loud heavy steps stamping the ground to keep warm She stamped the soil (flat/down) round the plant. Don't stamp, you'll wake everyone up. 87. bizarre: strange in appearance or effect; grotesque; eccentric
88. Unlikely it may seem: although it may seem not likely to happen,... as…as: (introduces adverbial clause of comparison) You know as much as I do Sometimes the subject of the subordinate clause can be omitted: He said the situation there was not as bad as had been reported. The 2 houses were as clean as could be.
89. spring from: arise or come from He is sprung from royal blood, is of royal ancestry. If you ask someone where they have sprung from you are asking them where they have come from in a rather surprised way, because they have appeared unexpectedly.
90. Tecumseh, 1768-1813, chief of the Shawnee Indians; born Ohio. A noted military leader, he planned a confederacy of tribes to resist U.S. encroachment, but the defeat of his brother, the Shawnee Prophet in 1811 ended the Indian military movement. Tecumseh then fought alongside the British against the Americans in the War of 1812. He died in the battle of the Thames.
Iroquois:（易洛魁人） an American Indian confederacy (combination of groups of people) of New York. Brebeuf, Jean de, Saint, 1593-1649, French Roman Catholic missionary. One of the Jesuit Martyrs of North America. A missionary to the Huron Indians, Brebeuf with his colleague Gabriel Lalemant was killed by the Iroquois.圣布雷伯夫， 法国天主教耶稣会传教士。
(Emily)Pauline Johnson, 1862-1913, Canadian Indian. Daughter of an Indian tribe chief and a British woman. Her poems sang high praise of the Indian tradition and were very popular at her time. She traveled around Canada, America and Britain, giving recitals in deer skin robes, which won enormous fame for her.
91. exalt: elevate, exhilarate92. prophetess: female prophet, a man who believes that he is directed by God to make known and explain God's will and to lead or teach a religion prophet: a person who tells, or claims to be able to tell the nature or course of future events. A person who spoke for God and who communicated God’s message courageously to God’s Chosen People. Elisha, Abraham, Moses, David, Nathan, Solomon, etc.