Middle Ages. By Alexander. Knights.
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Knights have armor made from tiny metal rings connected. Suits of armor used to protect the body in times of war or combat go back thousands of years. It was, however, during the Middle Ages that armor reached its highest point and also its decline.
Examples of some armor
Around 800 years ago, people in Europe began building huge churches called cathedrals. They built them to show their love for God and to thank him for making their towns. Cathedrals builders were craftsmen. This means that they each had a special skill. An architect drew the plans for the cathedral. He was often a master mason. Masons made sure that every block was in its correct place. Some carved the stones. Stone-cutters were paid for each block they cut, so they cut their own mark into it. Building a cathedral took so long that several generations worked on each one.
Stained glass windows
The architect drew a plan of each window. Masons put this plan over the stone and carved the window frame bit by bit. Cranes lifted each piece into place, so that they formed the right stone pattern. Each of the hundreds of spaces in the pattern was filled with pieces of colored glass. The builders used metal lead to seal them together.
In Scandinavia around 800 years ago, people built wooden churches because they had plenty of timber. They were called stave churches. People decorated them with wooden carvings such as dragons’ heads. The doorways were often covered with carved pictures.
The Feudal System was a very social system upon mutual obligations between a lord and a vassal. The first obligation of the lord was the granting of the fief(An estate of land one held on condition of feudal service). The fief comprised all the vassal needed to fulfill his obligation. The estate varied from a few to several thousand acres. It often included horses, barns, tools, animals, and serfs. The lords also promised to protect the vassal on the field and in the courts.
The most important service by a vassal was military. It lasted 40-60 days. A portion of the vassal’s income from the fief was to be given to the lord. When the lord’s oldest son was knighted or if his older daughter got married the lord would expect money payment. By the twelfth century, the feudal system was in most of western Europe. The vassal would pledge homage to the lord by placing his hands between the lord’s hands. The vassal also swore oath of fealty to the lord by promising to be loyal and to protect the lord and the promise would be sealed with a kiss. The lord would sometimes give a piece of turf or a clod of Earth to symbolize the land being granting.