Environmental Management Plan • Land Management Plan • Forest Management Plan • Water Management Plan • Tourism Management Plan
Zonation of PBR Area • Protection and Conservation Zone Satpura National Park ( core zone of Pachmarhi BR) Bori and Pachmarhi sanctuary Ecologically Sensitive Area Suitable habitat for numerous plant and animal species No human activity allowed
Conservation and Rehabilitation Zone Other Forest Area Medicinal plants area Severe Soil degraded Flood prone area Tourism Area Landslide area Fire prone area Lantana and other weed affected area Grazing Pressure Area Mining Area Various conservation activities are allowed.
Agriculture Zone Total Agriculture Area of BR Various Agricultural, Horticultural and Agricultural related activities allowed
Land Management Plan Agriculture Management Wasteland Management Based on overlaying of the thematic maps of agriculture, soil erosion / type, physiography, geology and human settlements of the area.
Agriculture Management Plan Zone I -Tawa command Area • Excellent Ground Water • Productive Alluvial Soil • Plain land with scattered scrubs along nala & minor rivers • Whole Double Cropped Area • Vegetables and Cash crops around the urban centers • Several nurseries and Agriculture farms
Recommendations • Promotion of high variety of crops, vegetables / cash crops • Promotion of high yielding varieties of horticultural crops (Guava and Papaya) and nurseries • Promotion fuel-wood plantation and pastureland in scrub land • Promotion of organic fertilizers • Promotion of Non-Conventional Energy
Zone II AAgriculture land of Northern parts of BR area Alluvial soil Excellent GW condition Good irrigation facilities,Tawa canal command Patches of scrubs land having severe soil erosion Recommendations Promotion of Double cropping system due to alluvial soil and agriculture facilities. Promotion of high yielding & improved varieties of crops Promotion of Soil Conservation measures Promotion of Non-Conventional Energy
B.Agriculture land around Chawalpani -Double cropped area -Irrigated by surface water. -Low GW Potential and -Severe soil erosion Recommendations Water harvesting and soil conservation measures Promotion of high yielding and improved varieties of crops as Jwar, Maize, Tur, Ramtil, Promotion of Non-Conventional Energy
C. Agriculture land around Matkuli- -Moderate to good ground water condition -Double cropped area Recommendations Promotion of vegetable / horticulture crops to meet the requirement of Pachmarhi area Promotion of soil conservation and ground water recharge structure
D.Agriculture land surrounding Tamia and Jamai *Scattered patches of agriculture land *Poor groundwater condition, some place moderate to good *Mainly surface water irrigation. Recommendations *Promotion of surface water storage and ground water recharge structures *Promotion of improved variety of traditional crops *Promotion of Mahua, Harra & Bahera plantation along bund lines of Agriculture lands
Zone III Traditional / single cropped area Poor to moderate ground water condition Loamy-skeletal to loamy soil type Mainly in Tamia and Jamai block of Chhindwara Recommendations Promotion of improved varieties of traditional crops like Maize, Jwar, Ramtil, Sava , Kodo, Kutki etc. Promotion of mixed cropping practice Promotion of Surface water storage structure catchment area treatment, micro-irrigation practices
Zone IV Total Forest Area • Zone V Severe soil erosion Maximum part of BR area falls under this category. Recommendations Soil conservation measures / structures like contour binding, nala binding, gullied plucking, etc.
Zone VI Part of Patalkot area of Tamia block of Chhindwara Very severe soil erosion Landslides affect area. Recommendations High degree of soil conservation structures Proper drainage structure
Wasteland Management in Agriculture Zone • Management of Shifting Cultivation (Jhum Cultivation) • Sericulture • Fisheries • Development of Pasture land • Ex- situ Conservation of Medicinal / Economic Plants • Development of Meadows • Fuel wood Plantation • Soil conservation measures near Nalas and small Rivers
Water Management Plan Ground Water Management Surface Water Management
WATER MANAGEMENT PLAN Zone I Alluvial Plain Excellent Groundwater Potential Increase in ground water table and water logging problems specially along canals Promotion of tube well, ring cum bore well Zone ll Moderate to good ground water condition Promotion for Conjunctive use of ground & surface water Promotion of water harvesting techniques like check dam, nala
Zone III Agricultural land Very poor groundwater condition Promotion of Surface water storage structures like check dam and nala bounding Construction of Minor Irrigation tank, ponds etc Zone IV Forest area outside of protected area Ground water condition very poor Ground water exploration in villages for drinking purpose Promotion of surface water conservation structures like check dam, nala bunding
Zone V (Protected Area)- Entire Satpura Tiger Reserve Area Ground water condition very poor Ground water exploration and surface water structure required for uses of Villagers Zone VI Heavy steep slopes Area Very poor ground water condition Very high surface run off High degree of surface run off water conservation structures required
Zone VII Medium slopes and medium surface runoff very poor groundwater condition Promotion of Surface water storage and ground water recharge structures
Biodiversity / Forest Management • Wild life Management • Biodiversity Sensitive Area Management • Medicinal Plants Area Management • Germ Plasm Area Management • Unique Area Management • Management of Forest Fire • Management of Lantana/ Other Weed • Wasteland Management
FOREST MANAGEMENT PLAN • To reduce dependence of villagers on the forests • Promotion of Woodlot Forestry • Promotion Social Forestry Activities • Forest Farming. • Creation of Minor Forest Produce (Non-timber resources), fruit trees, medicinal plants, bark and leaves that are common in villages. • Creation of nurseries in villages and dissemination of forest extension method through Gram Van Samiti.
Type I Forest blank around Anhoni and Chawalpani Area High grazing pressure High fuelwood requirement Area Improvement of the cover status by planting under forest practices. Type II Open, Degraded and Close forest ( small patches ) High grazing pressure & Fuel wood requirement Area High concentration of Villages Promotion of Joint Forest Management activities Plantation of fuel wood species Eradication of weeds Pasture land Development
Type III Open forest in Hoshangabad range Improvement of the density of forest by suitable silviculture planting Type IV Closed forest Area with good density Mostly Reserve Forest and Protected Forest Areas National Park/ Sanctuary Areas already covered under forest management plan Out side of the NP/ Sanctuary the activities are prescribed in land management Protection and Conservation measures Type V Non-forest Area
Management Plan for Germ plasm area • Identification of the sites and detailed documentation of the habitat of the rare plant species like Drosera sp found in Patalkot area and other places • Protection of upstream area harbouring high density of germplasm species • Collection of botanical specimens from this area will totally inhibited. • Fencing of entire area from cattle and human being were necessary has to be taken out. • Collection of medicinal plants is totally banned from Park and Sanctuary.
Management Plan for Fire Prone area Creation of Forest Protection Committee and Joint Forest Management (JFM) activities to reduce the fire incidence in the entire forest area and its surrounding
Wildlife Management Plan Zone I (High) High concentration and variations of wild animals. Major part coming under NP and Bori Sanctuary Improvement of water facility in wildlife for regular checks to trapping and poisoning of animals is required. Zone II (Medium) Remaining parts of Satpura Tiger Reserve Area Improvement of water facility Regular checks to trapping and poisoning of animals Reduction of grazing pressure
Zone III (Low) Entire forest area of Chhindwara division Few patches of Hoshangabad & Betul districts Improvement of water facility Prevention of communicable diseases amongst animals Reduction of grazing pressure Encouraging farm farming & woodlot farming in villages Manipulation of habitant to create forest based prey base for Panthers Promotion of Wildlife favoring fruit trees/ shrubs in other forest areas Zone IV (Very Poor) Entire agriculture land surrounding Park and Sanctuaries
TOURISM MANAGENT PLAN Objectives • Exploiting the full tourism potential of the PBR without disturbing biodiversity and forest ecosystem • Promotion of Eco-Tourism so as to maintain the Eco- sensitive nature of the region • Directing the tourism revenue towards the local people for the overall Socio economic development
Tourism Potential Spots • Major Tourism Potential Spots 1. Madai 2. Tamia- Patalkot • Other Tourism Potential Spots 1. Badi Anhoni 2. Chhoti Anhoni 3. Satdhara 4. Asirgarh Fort
Exploiting the full tourism potential • Improving accessibility & connectivity of tourist places • Bringing these places on State and National tourist map • Improving accommodation facilities of tourist places • Having / Organizing well planned package tours • Opening Museums/ Interpretation Centre, highlight Natural sites/ local tribal culture and their artifacts • Exploiting the rich man made heritage of PBR
Promotion of Eco Tourism • keeping entry fee high so that other tourists will shy away. • In highly sensitive areas the number of tourists entering should be limited to its carrying capacity. • Increasing awareness among people about the eco-friendly tourism. • Formulating and implementing strict rules against littering and noise pollution • Prohibition on the entry of non-biodegradable waste and noise pollution sources